Pharmacology Articles

ANTI-ANEMIC ACTIVITY OF HYDRO-ALCOHOLIC EXTRACT SEEDS OF FOENICULUM VULGARE IN PHENYLHYDRAZINE INDUCED ANEMIC RATS

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ABOUT AUTHORS
CHANDRAKANTA KUSHWAH 1*, DEEPANSHU GUPTA 1, ANKUR JOSHI 1, SAPNA MALVIYA 1 & ANIL KHARIA 1
1 Department of pharmacy Modern institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
Indore (M.P.), India
chandakushwah0@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
The main objective of this research was to evaluate the anti-anemic activity in hydro-alcoholic extract of seeds of Foeniculum vulgare in phenylhydrazine induced anemic rats. Phenylhydrazine (60mg/kg) was given intraperitoneally in rats for two days to induce anemia. The animal were divided into 5 groups of 6 animal each. Group 1 was known as normal control group, Group 2 was known as anemic control group, Group 3 was known as standard reference control group given with Vit. B12, Group 4 was known as test control-I given with 100mg/kg of hydro-alcoholic extract of seeds of Foeniculum vulgare, Group 5 was known as test control-II given with 200mg/kg of hydro-alcoholic extract of seeds of Foeniculum vulgare. All the test drugs were given for 28 days through oral route once in a day. On 29th day blood was taken out through tail puncture and was subjected to the determination of RBC, Hb and percentage Haematocrit. Both the hydro-alcoholic seeds extract of Foeniculum vulgare and Vit. B12 significantly increase the HB, RBC & percentage Haematocrit level which shows that Foeniculum vulgare seeds exhibits the anti-anemic activity

ANTI-ANEMIC ACTIVITY OF HYDRO-ALCOHOLIC EXTRACT OF FRUIT OF ALLIUM TRICOCCUM IN PHENYLHYDRAZINE INDUCED ANEMIC RATS

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PhotoABOUT AUTHORS
DEEPANSHU GUPTA *, CHANDRAKANTA KUSHWAH , ANKUR JOSHI , SAPNA MALVIYA & ANIL KHARIA
Department of pharmacy
Modern institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, (Shri Prabhat Chandra Kharia Research and Educational Society)
Indore, M.P, India

*guptadeepanshu252@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
This current research was done to bring out the anti-anemic activity in hydro-alcoholic extract of fruit of Allium tricoccum in phenylhydrazine induced anemic rats. The anemia was induced by the administration of Phenylhydrazine (60mg/kg) intraperitoneally in rats for two days. The animals were divided into 5 groups containing 6 animals each. 1st group was served as normal control group, 2nd group was served as anemic control, 3rd group was served as standard reference control administered with Vit. B12 complex, 4th group was served as test control-I administered with 100mg/kg of hydro-alcoholic extract of fruit of Allium tricoccum and 5th group was served as test control-II administered with 200mg/kg of hydro-alcoholic extract of fruit of Allium tricoccum. All the test drugs were given for 28 days daily through oral route. On 29th day blood was withdrawn, through tail puncture and subjected to the estimation of RBC, Hb and percentage Haematocrit. Both the hydro-alcoholic fruit extract of Allium tricoccum and Vit. B12 significantly increase the Haemoglobin, Red Blood Cells & percentage Haematocrit level which conclude that Allium tricoccum fruit exhibits’ the anti-anemic activity.

ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY ON ACCURACY IN DETECTION OF BREAST CANCER

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ABOUT AUTHORS
SUJATHA RAMASAMY 1*, SRIKANTA PRIYADARSHAN PATRA 1,PULAK RANJAN BASAK 1,
1Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC)-DST, New Delhi, India.
*sujathar23@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Breast cancer is one of the leading type of cancer in India. Current methods used in detection of cancer like mammography combined with Digital Infrared Imaging can help learn about  earlier stages of cancer with accuracy.The Niramai an Indian startup developed a software with machine learning and artificial intelligence which can detect and sense cancer cells that are 5 times smaller than what has been done presently. The method is non-contact, painless and free of radiation. This method can help detection of cancer in very early stage before showing any suspicious or alarming signs.

KETAMINE: A MAGIC REMEDY

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Kshitij Nuwal, Shailja Jain, Kamal S. Rathore
B.N.I.P.S., UDAIPUR

kshitij.nawal10@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
The largest, longest study conducted on depression treatments, called the STAR*D trial, found that after people tried four antidepressants over the course of five years, about 70% of them were free of depressive symptoms. That’s a lot of trial and error to end at a place where 30% of patients don’t experience remission at all. The STAR*D trial ended in 2014, and despite a clear hole in the market–and a clear patient need–a golden age of new depression treatments still hasn’t arrived. The anesthetic ketamine could offer hope for people who don't have other depression treatment options. The most recent research on ketamine, as well as a statement from experts on its use published in April 2017, finds the drug works quickly, makes dramatic improvements in mood, and can work on people who haven’t gotten better with other depression treatments.

REVIEW ON ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASES AND ITS MEDICATION

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Salman S. Dhankwala*, Ajinkya N. Gavsane, Prithvirj M. Ghuli, Sagar A. Jadhav
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry,
Appasaheb Birnale College of Pharmacy,
Sangli, Maharashtra, India
*salman.2.dhankwala@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Ischemic heart   diseases are a major public health problem, it includes disorders of the heart and blood vessel. Ischemia is a condition in which the blood flow (and thus oxygen) is restricted or reduced in a part of the body.Cardiac ischemia is the name for decreased blood flow and oxygen to the heart muscle It's the term given to heart problems caused by narrowed heart arteries. When arteries are narrowed, less blood and oxygen reaches the heart muscle. This is also called coronary artery disease and coronary heart disease. This can ultimately lead to attack. Ischemia often causes chest pain or discomfort known as angina pectoris. Disease is diagnosed according to medical parameters; following diagnosis of the disease the treatment is started. The treatment is includes in medicines of Heart diseases and is as well as lifestyle.

MIGRAINE & MIGRAINE MANAGEMENT: A REVIEW

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Muthyala Nagavamsidhar*1, Qadrie ZL.2, Suman A.1
*1 Department of Pharmacy Practice,
Pratishta Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
Suryapet, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

nagavamsi.muthyala@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:  Pain is defined as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage. The WHO has rated migraine amongst the top 20 most disabling life time conditions. Migraine is a pervasive and debilitating, chronic neurological painful disorder, affecting from 15% to 29% of the general population. It is the second most common cause of headache characterized by recurrent episodes of headache and associated symptoms i.e. nausea, sensitivity to light and noise that typically last from 4 to 72 hours which is divided into four phases. Migraine is well explained with three hypothesis i.e., vascular, platelet, central nervous system. It affects people of all groups, sexes, races and social classes around the globe. Migraine can occur due to various trigger factors and can be managed with both pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment.

A REVIEW APPROACH OF ALZHEIMER DISEASE AND PHARMACOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT

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ABOUT AUTHOR
Senthamil Selvan T *
Pharmaceutical Technical service department,
Mylan Laboratories Limited, Tamilnadu, India
Pharmtamil@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Dementia is a chronic progressive disorder mainly causes the memory loss and cognitive dysfunction due to neurodegeneration. It is popularly known as Alzheimer disease. It is the fifth disorder leads to death. Those who are the people have crossed age 60 years risk chance of cause. Dementia the disorder is widely known as Alzheimer’s disease, senile dementia, vascular Dementia, Dementia with levy bodies, Parkinson’s disease, Frontotemporal dementia. By neurological examination like CT, MRI, and Spinal fluid analysis can occasionally be justified to confirm the dementia syndrome. For the AD the treatment are broadly takes place as two types, one is cognitive symptoms treatment, another Non- cognitive symptoms treatment. In that case for cognitive sign treatment cholinesterase inhibitors (such as Donepezil, rivastigmine), NMDA receptor inhibitors (Memantine) are used. Anti-psychotics’, Anti-depressant category drugs are used for Non-cognitive symptoms treatment.

ANTIDEPRESSANT ACTIVITY ON LEAVES OF POLYGONUM GLABRUM WILLD IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL

About Authors:
Deepak singh1*, Arpit Dixit2, Amir khan3, Vikas singh4, Abhishek sachan4
1*Department of Clinical Research, Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard nagar, New Delhi-110062
2Business executive at Merck Pvt.ltd, Ghaziabad, India
3Business executive at Cipla Pvt.ltd, Lucknow, India
4Shri RLT Institute of Pharmaceutical Science & Technology, Etawah(UP), India
*deep_singh4u21@rediffmail.com

ABSTRACT:
The present investigations, which were primarily conducted with the aim of investigating some neuropharmacological activity of Polygonum glabrum (PG), i.e. PG has got anxiolytic activity when tested against open field exploratory behavior, where as elevated plus maze did not show any positive results. The action produced by PG was more than that of diazepam in open field exploratory behaviour. Observations confirms that PG possesses significant antidepressant activity. The observed antidepressant activity of PG was qualitatively comparable to that induced by Imipramine. Pentobarbitone induced hypnosis in mice was significant potentiated by PG.PG at 100 and 200mg/kg, reduced locomotor activity in rats.The PG seems to be little or no motor incoordination effect in mice when tested against rota-rod test.PG had significant analgesic activity which is both centrally and peripherally mediated, when tested against various analgesic models in rodents.The investigations indicates that PG has significant analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antidepressant and anxiolytic actions, some of these actions, including antidepressant and anxiolytic can be rationalized on the basis of the neurochemical data emanating from this study . The present study indicate that PG can be clinically useful not only in inflammation, pain and fever, and worm infestation but also in depression and anxiety. Clinical studies are required to confirm the above mentioned activities.

GENOTOXICITY

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ABOUT AUTHORS
L Reddenna1*, Dr. P. Venkatesh1, K Siva Kumar2, A Sai keshava Reddy2
1* Department of Pharmacy Practice,
Jagan’s College of Pharmacy,
Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pharmacy Practice,
Nirmala College of Pharmacy,
Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India
*reddennapharmd@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Genotoxicity describes the possessions of chemical agents that damage the genetic information within a cell causing mutations, which may lead to cancer. Heritable changes can influence either somatic cells of the organism or germ cells to be passed on to future generations. As a result, many urbane techniques including Ames Assay, in vitro and in vivo Toxicology Tests, and Comet Assay have been developed to evaluate the chemicals probable to cause DNA damage that may lead to cancer. The genotoxic substances provoke damage to the genetic material in the cells through exchanges with the DNA sequence and structure. Genotoxicity testing is to resolve if a substrate will sway genetic material or may cause cancer. Genotoxic Chemotherapy is the treatment of cancer with the use of one or more genotoxic drugs. The treatment is traditionally part of standardized regime. By utilizing the destructive properties of genotoxins treatments aims to induce DNA damage into cancer cells.

H/H BLOOD GROUP SYSTEM: A RARE BLOOD GROUP

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ABOUT AUTHORS
L Reddenna1*, Dr. P. Venkatesh1, K Siva Kumar2, A Sai keshava Reddy2
1* Department of Pharmacy Practice,
Jagan’s College of Pharmacy,
Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pharmacy Practice,
Nirmala College of Pharmacy, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India
*reddennapharmd@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
The subsistence of a human H/h genetic polymorphism was first recognized by the innovation of an individual devoid of the H antigen on red cells in Bombay who had antibodies in plasma reacting with all the red cells exhibiting the normal red cell ABO phenotypes. These persons were genetically termed as homozygous hh or Bombay phenotype. H-deficient Bombay phenotype is exceptional, since it occurs in about 1 in 10,000 individuals in India and 1 per 1,000,000 individuals in Europe. After the first report of Oh phenotype from Mumbai in 1952 by Bhende, numerous other workers detected this weird phenotype in India. The complexity with the Bombay phenotype is that the individuals having blood group of Bombay phenotype (Oh) can either receive autologous donation or blood from an individual of Bombay phenotype only; no other blood will match in case of an emergency blood transfusion. The aim of present study was to communicate the information about rare blood entity and to review the previous case reports.

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