Navneet Kaur1, Latika Khosla2
1Department of Biotechnology, CT Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shahpur, Jalandhar-144001, Punjab.
2Department of Biotechnology, Kanya Maha Vidyalaya, Jalandhar-144004, Punjab
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is defined as a progressive pathological condition of the kidney caused by angiopathy of glomerular capillaries. The angiopathy of these capillaries is characterized by a progressive loss of glomerular filtration surface areas and capillary volume. DN is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease, and a major contributing factor to morbidity and mortality of diabetic patients throughout the world.