Articles

SAMPLING PROCEDURES USED IN ORAL SOLID DOSAGE FORMULATION PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY

About Author
Nrusingha Panda
Department of Quality Assurance,
Mankind Pharma Ltd., Bermiok Elaka,
South Sikkim, Sikkim, Zip Code- 737126, India

ABSTRACT
Regulatory authorities expect from pharmaceutical industries that there should be written and approved procedures of sampling to collect samples for testing before approval of components of drug products, container and closure of drug products and drug product itself to assure patient safety in all respects whether chemical, physical and biological point of view of the drug product. In Pharmaceutical industries manufacturing oral solid dosage formulations, there are many critical steps which are performed by manually or automatically or by combination of both. Among those critical steps, one step is performing sampling of different materials such as starting materials, packaging materials, in-process materials, finished product. The review focused on sampling procedure used for the above mentioned materials and sampling tools used for performing sampling activities in pharmaceutical industries.

Role of Pharmacist in Transforming Global Health

About Author
Dr. R. S. Thakur
Email: drramsthakur@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Pharmacists are transforming global health by empowering patients and other health care providers through counselling, drug information and motivation for rational use of medicines. Pharmacists strive to eliminate medication errors and ensure strict patient compliance to achieve desired therapeutic outcomes. Pharmacists produce quality medicines and assure quality of medicines until expiry date by proper storage and preservation. While dispensing the prescription Pharmacists enhance efficacy and safety of medication by motivating patients for compliance of dosage regimen. Actually it is patient compliance which is important for optimum therapeutic outcome. In this plight patient counselling assumes eminent role. The counselling aspects and content differ from patient to patient, prescription to prescription and dosage form to dosage form. A comprehensive plan based on these three pillars of patient counselling must be meticulously designed and its effectiveness assessed repeatedly to improve upon and validate the counselling process. In the gigantic task of transforming health pharmacists role and priorities are discussed at length.

The efforts of pharmacist drastically reduces health care cost, disease burden and crowd in health system on the one hand and improves therapeutic outcomes, quality of life and happiness to patient on the other.

Depression and Anxiety: how to deal with them

About Author
AKASH GUPTA 
M.Pharm (pharmaceutics)
Kota college of pharmacy,
Ranpur, Kota

 

ABSTRACT
Comorbid depression and anxiety disorders occur in up to 25% of general practice patients. About 85% of patients with depression have significant anxiety, and 90% of patients with anxiety disorder have depression.  Both the depression disorder and the specific anxiety disorder require appropriate treatment. Psychological therapies, such as cognitive behaviour therapy, and antidepressants, occasionally augmented with antipsychotics, have proven benefit for treating both depression and anxiety. Depression and anxiety are the most common psychiatric conditions seen in the general medical setting, affecting millions of individuals in the word. The treatments for depression and anxiety are multiple and have varying degrees of effectiveness. Physical activity has been shown to be associated with decreased symptoms of depression and anxiety. Depression is a multicausal disorder and has been associated with the risk to develop cancer, dementia, diabetes, epilepsy and stroke. mainly this article aim  how to deal and treatment for depression and anxiety.

IR SPECTROSCOPY

INTRODUCTION
• Spectroscopy is the branch of science dealing with the study of interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter.
• Infrared spectroscopy is the spectroscopy which is concerned with the study of infrared region of electromagnetic spectrum (i.e. light having a longer wavelength & a lower frequency than visible light), which results in vibrational transitions i.e. Study of interaction between infrared radiations & matter.

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