Pharmapedia

INFERTILITY TREATMENT : HOPE NEVER DIES

Planning a family is one of the most important aspects of life. But, in this modern age, planning for a baby comes with lot of challenges for many. Couples these days prefer good planning before they conceive. They wish to be financially sound, have essential assets in place and always have a backup in case things don’t go as planned. Baby planning starts with fertility evaluation which involves history and physical examination, lab testings, transvaginal ultrasound, semen analysis and hysterosalpingogram. Fertility evaluation should be an essential step to determine a woman’s or a man’s fertility status. In 2017, U.S recorded its lowest birth rate in last 30 years. Millennials, people born from 1981 to 1996 are being blamed for the same and the most talked about reasons are waiting too long for marriage, financial concerns and career plans. This has driven an added fear among people for infertility. But, as much as this concept is talked about, the treatment for the same is talked about more. With the advancements in medical science, couples that face fertility issues can receive the best of treatments which fetch results. Speaking about millennials and the things they have to listen to, here are some of the most common causes of infertility.

ALLERGIC RHINITIS : SYMPTOMS, CAUSES, DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT AND MANAGEMENT

Allergic rhinitis is a group of symptoms which affects the nose. It is commonly known as hay fever.

Allergic rhinitis develops when the immune system of the body becomes sensitized and overreacts to something in the environment that normally causes no problems in most people. Allergic rhinitis is caused by an allergen, such as dust, pollen, mould, or flakes of skin from certain animals.

WAYS TO STANDUP AGAINST ‘SERVICES SEEKING DOCTORS’

First of all,  Medical Representatives must understand that their services are far more  important to the Pharma Companies in the promotion of their products as per strategy, than the kind of services or supports that some Companies may offer to some Doctors.  If Companies can win over the Doctors with supports or services, then the Medical Representatives will have too little to contribute and the job may cease to exist soon.  Companies may send the services, supports, samples and other promotional inputs by Courier to the Doctors directly in such a scenario.  A few small Pharma startups who tried this route couldn’t sustain such services for long and hence had to close down operations, because ‘greed has no limit’, and the demand keeps on increasing month after month.  Besides,  it is difficult to quantify the exact returns in terms of prescription support from such serviced Doctors, though some Companies try to see the details of supplies made to nearby Retailers from the Stockist/Distributor concerned every month, i.e. secondary sales. Once a Company falls into this trap, it may be very difficult to revert back to ‘purely ethical promotion’ again, because if we stop such ‘services’ one day,  drastic sales loss may last for many months and rebuilding a healthy sales base again may take a few years, which may be difficult to deal with from business perspective.  The working habits of frontline salesmen of such ‘service’ based Companies may come down drastically as their focus gets shifted to delivering the agreed upon services to the Doctors on time and then ensuring agreed upon returns from each Doctor serviced month after month, than sincere implementation of marketing strategies in the field.  In addition, the sales base created through sincere implementation of marketing strategies may last long when compared through the sales base created through offering of other services, because if we stop the ‘other services’, the sales base may crumble quickly like a pack of cards.

RESULT IS THE CULMINATION OF ACTIVITIES

We all know result is the culmination of many identified activities.  A student scores good marks and comes out with flying  colours, only after years of hard work and preparation in studies.  Likewise,  in ethical Pharma selling/marketing, achievement of objectives – targets – is the result of implementation of identified activities, i.e. strategies,  consistently.

COMMUNITY LIAISON PHARMACISTS IN HOME CARE

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ABOUT AUTHOR
AK Mohiuddin
Department of Pharmacy,
World University of Bangladesh,
Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh

ABSTRACT
The term “Home-based care” or simply home care may be defined as a wide array of different types of care provided in the home by a wide range of parties. The continuum of different types of home-based care delivered in the home varies in terms of different dimensions, including acuity, type of care provided, and degree of physician involvement. Home-based care includes both formal and informal personal care services, Medicare skilled home health, physician house calls, and even “hospital-at-home” services. Medication-related issues are basic among home care patients who take numerous medications and have complex medical chronicles and medical issues. The objectives of home social insurance administrations are to assist people with improving capacity and live with more prominent freedom; to advance the customer's ideal dimension of prosperity; and to help the patient to stay at home, maintaining a strategic distance from hospitalization or admission to long-term care foundations. Home care is an arrangement of care given by talented experts to patients in their homes under the bearing of a doctor. Home medicinal services administrations incorporate nursing care; physical, word related, and discourse language treatment; and medical social administrations. Doctors may allude patients for home medicinal services administrations, or the administrations might be asked for by relatives or patients. The scope of home human services benefits a patient can get at home is boundless. Contingent upon the individual patient's circumstance, care can extend from nursing care to specific medical administrations, for example, laboratory workups. Basic analyses among home medicinal services patients incorporate circulatory disease, coronary illness, damage and harming, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disease and respiratory disease.

FRAMEWORK FOR PATIENT SAFETY

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ABOUT AUTHOR
AK MOHIUDDIN
Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh
Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh

ABSTRACT
Medication errors are basic all in all training and in healing facilities. The two errors in the demonstration of writing (prescription/administering/administration errors) and endorsing deficiencies because of imperfect medicinal choices can result in mischief to patients. Any progression in the endorsing procedure can ignite errors. Slips, passes, or missteps are wellsprings of errors, as in unintended oversights in the account of medications. Blames in portion determination, discarded transcription, and poor handwriting are normal. Lacking mindfulness or ability and deficient data about clinical qualities and past treatment of individual patients can bring about endorsing issues, including the utilization of possibly mistaken medications. A perilous workplace, intricate or indistinct techniques, and deficient correspondence among human services staff, especially among specialists and medical attendants, have been distinguished as huge basic factors that add to prescription errors and endorsing issues. Dynamic intercessions went for diminishing prescription and endorsing issues are emphatically prescribed. This ought to be committed on the instruction and preparing of prescribers and the utilization of on-line helps. The unpredictability of the endorsing methodology ought to be decreased by presenting mechanized frameworks or uniform recommending diagrams, so as to abstain from account and exclusion errors. Input control frameworks and quick audit of prescriptions, which can be performed with the help of a healing center drug specialist, are additionally useful. Reviews ought to be performed occasionally.

CHEMICAL CONTAMINANTS AND POLLUTANTS IN THE MEASURABLE LIFE OF DHAKA CITY

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ABOUT AUTHOR
AK MOHIUDDIN
Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh
Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh

ABSTRACT Environmental pollution and food contamination are as old as the civilization itself. It is the consequence of the development of civilization, over utilization of nature, industrialization and in fact a price for the progress. It is highly prominent in Dhaka city. Air pollution is mainly due to the vehicle emission, industrial discharge and burning of fossil fuel. The water resource of Dhaka becomes a major health threat due to arsenic contamination, inadequate household/industrial/medical waste disposal and industrial effluent management. Food contamination came from the commercialism of business people who are doing this knowingly to maximize profit. Necessary steps are to be taken to protect the environment for our own existence. This paper reveals chemical pollution and contamination issues of Dhaka city, the capital of Bangladesh.

7 WAYS TO MAINTAIN HEALTH & FITNESS AT MIDDLE-AGE

Getting older involves lots of emotional and physical which can bring a positive or a negative impact on your health. If you want to age gracefully, you need to have a check on your health at the right time. This can only be done by properly understanding and analyzing the changes in your skin, bones, brain and even behaviour and do the needful to maintain your health. You need not only to exercise but to eat, relax and sleep correctly.

Fragrance Ingredients Market to hit US$18.5 billion by 2024

  • Posted on: 5 October 2018
  • By: Shalini.Sharma

The Fragrance Ingredients Market is set to grow from its current market value of more than $11.5 billion to over $18.5 billion by 2024; as reported in the latest study by Global Market Insights, Inc.
Growing penetration rate of international brands, rising demand for personal care products along with growth in cosmetics industry will drive overall fragrance ingredients market demand. These compounds are mixed with personal care products to improve aroma and give freshness to a product. Growing customer spending on beauty products including creams and perfumes supported by growing ageing population may boost industry growth.

EMERGING TRENDS IN ONCOLOGY CLINICAL TRIALS

ABOUT AUTHOR
DR. PRANJAL BORDOLOI
VP – PHARMACOLGY & COD
VEEDA CLINICAL RESEARCH PVT LTD.
info@veedacr.com

Therapeutic innovation in cancer treatment has always been in focus. Based on WHO data, worldwide, there were 14.1 million new cancer cases, 8.2 million cancer deaths, and 32.6 million people living with cancer within 5 years of diagnosis by year 2012. Top 5 most frequent cancers in world (ranked by number of new cases) are breast, prostate, lung, colorectal, and cervical cancers per 2012 WHO data (International Agency for Research on Cancer, WHO). For countries like India, the top 5 most frequent cancers (ranked by number of new cases) are breast, cervical, oral cavity, lung and colorectal cancers (International Agency for Research on Cancer, WHO). Reported age-adjusted incidence rates for cancer are still quite low in the demographically young country. Little more than 1 million new cases of cancer are diagnosed every year in India. An estimated 600 000–700 000 deaths in India were caused by cancer in 2012. In age-standardized terms this is close to the mortality burden seen in high-income countries. Such figures are somewhat indicative of low rates of early-stage detection and poor treatment outcomes (Mallath MK, et al. 2014).

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