Articles

PHARMACOGNOSTICAL, PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF MURRAYA KOENIGII

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Patil N.B.*, Patil K.B., Wagh M.N., Patil A.A,
Department of Pharmacy, Ahinsa Institute of Pharmacy,
Dondaicha, Maharashtra, India

ABSTRACT
The methanol extract of murraya koenigii (leaf) were investigated for their antibacterial activity against staphylococcus aureus using cup plate agar diffusion method and methanol extract produces best results. various investigation like physiochemical standard ,preliminary phytochemical screening of the plant was carried out and parameter were reported. The present paper deals with investigation of various phytochemical present in methanol extract and in vitro antibacterial activity against the s.aureus .the literature survey does not exist anti bacerial activity of murraya koenigii (leaf) in methanol extract against s.aureus.it is concluded that the plant studied may source of antibacterial plant.

SHORT COMMUNICATION ON - GENERIC VERSUS BRANDED DRUGS

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ABOUT AUTHOR
Patil Swapnil Shankar
Vasantidevi Patil Institute Of Pharmacy
Kodoli, Panhala, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India.

ABSTRACT 
Our paper is focuses on how the generic drugs are beneficial to human use and what are the drawbacks of branded drug. Now government of India is giving permission to sell the generic drug in the market with prescription of physician. Or any pharmacist can open the generic medical drug store. Day by day the patients are aware about benefits and use of generic drugs. It is important that we consult our doctors before deciding if a generic is right for us. Many prescriptions medicines are available to treat depression and bipolar disorder the pharmacist might ask if you want your prescription filled with the brand name medicine or the generic medicine. Each option has prose and cons to consider. This brochure gives you the information you need to help you decide what's right for you in your treatment and recovery plan. The present article giving the information regarding generic drugs versus branded drugs.

ARTS AND SCIENCE OF PATIENT COMPLIANCE

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ABOUT AUTHOR
AK MOHIUDDIN
Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh
Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh

ABSTRACT
The word ‘compliance’ comes from the Latin word complire, meaning to fill up and hence to complete an action, transaction, or process and to fulfil a promise. In the Oxford English Dictionary, the relevant definition is ‘The acting in accordance with, or the yielding to a desire, request, condition, direction, etc.; a consenting to act in conformity with; an acceding to; practical assent”. Compliance with therapy is simply patients understanding of medication, motivation toward having this medication is a prescribed manner with the belief that the prescriber and prescribed medicine will be beneficial for his well-being. Although this is often the case, in a number of situations, the physician and pharmacist have not provided the patient with adequate instructions or have not presented the instructions in such a manner that the patient understands them. Nothing should be taken for granted regarding the patient’s understanding of how to use medication, and appropriate steps must be taken to provide patients with the information and counseling necessary to use their medications as effectively and as safely as possible. 20% to 30% of new prescriptions are never filled at the pharmacy. Medication is not taken as prescribed 50% of the time. For patients prescribed medications for chronic diseases, after six months, the majority take less medication than prescribed or stop the medication altogether. There are both federal and state laws that make using or sharing prescription drugs illegal. If someone take a pill that was prescribed to someone else or give that pill to another person, not only is it against the law, it's extremely dangerous.

A CASE REPORT ON CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE AND ROLE OF CLINICAL PHARMACIST

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ABOUT AUTHOR
Bharath kumar Dasari, Shyamsunder Anchuri, Manishkumar T,  Saikiran velpula, Nagaraju Vallepu, Pranitha Adepu

Department of pharmacy practice
Balaji  institute of pharmaceutical sciences, Narsampet, Warangal, Telangana

ABSTRACT.
Chronic kidney disease also  called chronic renal failure is most commonly seen in the patients of hypertension and diabetes
Case Report
A female patient of age 60 yrs was admitted in a multispecialty  hospital located in Warangal ,with the complaints of SOB, confusion, fever  Since 3dys ,she had a past medical history of HTN.
Discussion :
Patient’s data was collected in a profile form and the details were saved confidentially .the  patient was diagnosed with chronic kidney disease with HTN  and the treatment was  given.
Conclusion :
the patient was given a complete course and was given counselling for chronic kidney disease and the problem got resolved , hereby it shows the need of pharmacist in the area of patient care and quality treatment in the present scenario to expect quality of life
.

THE MYSTERIOUS DOMINATION OF FOOD/DRINKING WATER CONTAMINANTS AND ADULTERANTS IN BANGLADESH

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ABOUT AUTHOR
AK MOHIUDDIN
Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh
Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh

ABSTRACT
Food adulteration and contamination are as old as the civilization itself. It is the consequence of the development of civilization, over utilization of nature, industrialization and in a price for the progression. It is highly prominent in Urban areas of Bangladesh. It is the consequence of commercialism of business people who are doing this knowingly to maximize profit. Higher degree of awareness shown by the people with higher educational background. Government regulatory agencies are less confident regarding food standard testing, as reported in the study. Educated people show higher degree of awareness of how the quality of food should be maintained. Regulatory authority is found to be in confidant in testing the food standard which also reflects their negligence. Safe food means, in general, there will be no danger from harmful elements that are deliberately added to food products in the country. The economic development of this country rarely reveals the basic literacy and consciousness of mass people. Necessary steps are to be taken to protect the environment for our own existence.

A REPORT ON MEDICINAL PLANTS USED IN ETHNO VETERINARY PRACTICES OF VILLAGE PEOPLES IN SATPUDA HILLS IN SHIRPUR TALUKA (DIST-DHULE ,MAHARASHTRA)

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ABOUT AUTHOR
Patil N.B.
Department of Pharmacy, Ahinsa Institute of Pharmacy,
Dondaicha, Maharashtra

ABSTRACT
This study reports the surveyed of medicinal plants used by village peoples of satpuda hills in shirpur taluka in ethno veterinary practices during this study ,information about ethno veterinary plants was obtained from villages peoples of personal meet them and collect the information .the ethno veterinary plants were collected and preserved as herbarium specimens by follows the standard methods.the identification of plants on botany department of R.C.Patel shirpur,Maharashtra.during the survey it was noted that 12 plants were traditionally used by treat various veterinary diseases such as  Inflammation, wound healing, Indigestion , Dysentry, Diarrhoea, Infertility, Afra disease, Infection of uterus, antimicrobial.

The information provided in this study would bring new medicine development of ecofriendly, effective medicines to control veterinary disease in the future prospective.this study may be useful to protect and conserve the endemic flora species of satpuda hills of shirpur taluka (Dist-Dhule,Maharashtra).

CHEMICAL CONTAMINANTS AND POLLUTANTS IN THE MEASURABLE LIFE OF DHAKA CITY

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ABOUT AUTHOR
AK MOHIUDDIN
Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh
Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh

ABSTRACT Environmental pollution and food contamination are as old as the civilization itself. It is the consequence of the development of civilization, over utilization of nature, industrialization and in fact a price for the progress. It is highly prominent in Dhaka city. Air pollution is mainly due to the vehicle emission, industrial discharge and burning of fossil fuel. The water resource of Dhaka becomes a major health threat due to arsenic contamination, inadequate household/industrial/medical waste disposal and industrial effluent management. Food contamination came from the commercialism of business people who are doing this knowingly to maximize profit. Necessary steps are to be taken to protect the environment for our own existence. This paper reveals chemical pollution and contamination issues of Dhaka city, the capital of Bangladesh.

STUDY OF HERBAL DRUGS FOR THE TREATMENT OF SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION

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ABOUT AUTHOR
Nayan Jain*
Mandsaur Institute of Pharmacy,
Mandsaur, MP, India

ABSTRACT
Sexual dysfunction or sexual disorder is difficulty experienced by a couple or an individual during any stage of a normal sexual activity, including physical pleasure, preference, desire, arousal or orgasm. Sexual arousal disorders were previously known as impotence in men and frigidity in women, though these have now been replaced with less judgmental terms. The causes vary considerably but include a possible decrease in the production of normal estrogen in women or testosterone in both men and women. Causes of dysfunction are aging, fatigue, pregnancy, medications or psychiatric conditions, such as depression and anxiety.

Herbal medicines may cure or prevent certain ailments. However, there are very little recorded data available to support the dose, efficacy, side effects and interactions. Because the safety and efficacy of herbal remedies they are likely to be used then synthetic medicines. The amount of active ingredients in herbals may vary among preparations. Thus, standardization of herbal medicines is required.

A REVIEW ON: PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL STUDY OF ANNONA SQUAMOSA

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Diksha A. Narwade*, Dr. A. N. Aher
Department of Pharmacognosy,
MVP samaj college of pharmacy,
Gangapur road Nashik, Maharastra, India

ABSTRACT
This paper gives the information about the Annona squamosa Linn. (Family: Annonaceae). Phytochemical and pharmacological studies of medicinal plant were performed. The plant is highly used traditionally for curing diverse diseases and disorders. It is locally known as “Sitaphal'' in Hindi. Macroscopical & microscopical studies of leaves have been studied. The phytochemical studies showed the presence of amino acids, terpenes, lipids, steroids, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, tannins, vitamins and alkaloids. The plant has various pharmacological actions such as insecticidal, purgative, laxatives, astringent, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, anti-ulcer, anti-oxidant, antimalarial and antibacterial. The reveiw specifically deals with the phytochemical and folkloric medicinal importance of plant.

REVIEW ON GOOD DOCUMENTATION PRACTICE IN PHARMACEUTICAL MANUFACTURING UNIT AS PER EUROPEAN UNION GMP CHAPTER-4 ON DOCUMENTATION

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Suleman S. khoja * 1, Dr. L J. Patel 2, Sohil S. Khoja 3, Karim R. Panjwani 3, Jagdish Ray3
1 PhD. Research Scholar, Ganpat University, Mehesana, Gujarat, India
2 Faculty of Pharmacy, Ganpat University, Mehesana, Gujarat, India
3 Resource person, Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance, Audit and Compliance, Vapi, Gujarat, India

ABSTRACT
Good documentation constitutes an essential part of the quality assurance system and is key to operating in compliance with GMP requirements. Documentation requirements of maintaining complete, accurate, truthful and verifiable data in all cGXP documents that are needed to be maintained as per regulatory requirements and various Governmental regulations, laws, rules and statutes/acts. Documentation may exist in a variety of forms, including paper-based, electronic or photographic media. Ensure that the Document should be free from error and during any point if error identify then rectify with proper reason for correcting including sign and date. A system should be in place to indicate special observations and any changes to critical data. GMP Document must have predefined retention period and document must be stored in secure and easy to retrieve or easily available as and when required. Batch Processing and Packaging Instruction must be in place and Contemporaneous entry provision must be available. Instruction and procedure for using equipment; instrument must be clear and specific.  Specification with authorization should be available for analysis of Raw Material and Packing Material, Intermediate and Bulk Product, Finished Product.

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