The worldwide spread of inflation, initiated by several fold rises in Petroleum price thereby depicting its striking influence on the prices of chemical nitrogenous fertilizers, the prices of nitrogenous fertilizers have nearly doubled during the last 3-4 years. This has necessitated to search for cheaper source of nitrogen to meet the needs of crops. This has rejuvenation of soil microbiology to tap out the biological fixation of nitrogen.
Hepatitis A, an acute, self-limiting liver infection is transmitted through the fecal oral route by a picovnavirus, hepatitis A Virus(HAV) (1). It is the major cause of acute viral hepatitis in children (2). HAV cause asymptomatic infection in young children and symptomatic infection in adults (3). A study shows symptomatic infection in 4-16% of children as compared to 75-95% of adults (1). The symptoms include jaundice, fever, abdominal pain, malaise, anorexia which resolve after onset within 1-2 months.
Mohit kumar*, Vishal Sachdeva,
Seth G. L. Bihani S. D. College of Technical Education,
Sri Ganganagar (RAJASTHAN) 335001, INDIA
A well drafted application decides the fate of an invention. Drafting plays a vital role in the success of an invention during its prosecution, management and maintenance during its tenure and turning it into cash. Drafting a patent application is one of the most important and at the same time one of the most difficult process. The applicant or his agent should so draft a patent application that it is granted with an adequate scope or ambit so as to fully serve the business purpose(s) for which the patent is meant to be used. It is here that the importance of drafting the claims in a patent must be fully appreciated, as the drafting of claims must always be done with a clear focus on the exact business needs that are sought to be served by it. That is, a business strategy perspective must inform the thinking of the one who takes up the task of drafting the patent claims. The ultimate purpose of every business strategy is to ensure that a business makes the desired amount of profit to justify the risks taken in making the investments of resources and time. Similarly, the purpose of drafting claims should be to fully serve the business strategy at hand. Even so, only a small number of well drafted patents are actually used by businesses to help them to make or safeguard their profits. (Swarbrick James, 2007).
Paresh Mohan*, Saurabh Patel, Shobhit Sharma, Mahaveer Prasad Kabra
Department of Pharmaceutics, Kota College of Pharmacy,
S-P-1, RIICO Industrial Area, Ranpur, Jhalawar road,
Kota, Rajasthan, India – 324009.
Medical tourism is becoming a new thrust area for tourists across the globe. It is predominantly combined with travel and tourism. The term medical tourism has been coined by travel agencies and the mass media to describe the rapidly growing practice of travelling across all around the world to obtain hi-tech medical care. Various countries like Thailand, Malaysia, India, etc are promoting medical tourism eagerly. The key advantages of India in medical tourism are the following: low cost advantage, strong reputation in the advanced healthcare segment (cardiovascular surgery, organ transplants, eye surgery etc.) and the diversity of tourist destinations available in the country which attracts like culture, food etc.
The most of the people of many countries have long traveled to the developed countries like United States and Europe to seek the expertise and advanced technology available in leading medical centers. This paper focuses on the key issues and opportunities possessed by Indian medical tourism sector that enable it to overcome domestic and international barriers on upgrading its medical services. Finally, this paper analyses and concludes the main reasons why the developing country like India attracts foreign tourists for the medical treatment.
Assistant Professor of Law
IMIRC College of Law
Garh Mukteswar, Panchshell Nagar (Ghaziabad)
In the modern age, we are now living with increasing stress owing to various factors. In the times to come, the stresses and strains will be further cared out, thereby making mental health a very significant issue. According to NIMHANS (National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences), there are over two crore persons in our country who are in need of treatment for serious mental disorder and about five crore people who are affected by common mental disorder.
Maharshi arvind institute of pharmacy, jaipur
Wheat grass consists of carbohydrates, proteins, all essential minerals and vitamins. As wheat grass juice bears a closer resemblance to the " haemogolobin " in our blood, the juice is often called as " green blood" and the therapy using it is called as " green blood therapy" wheat grass juice is complete food. Wheatgrass (baby wheat) juice is an extremely natural food. Since Dr. Anne Wigmore rediscovered the nutritional qualities of wheatgrass juice in 1960, the juice has helped hundreds of thousands of people around the world to overcome serious health problems.
However wheatgrass juice is not a panacea. If you continue to consume processed foods, drugs, alcohol, tobacco, burned foods and other toxic substances that can make you ill, a few milliliters of wheatgrass juice each day won't make much difference. Instead, try consuming a predominately (or entirely) raw food diet with organic wheatgrass juice. You will most likely experience a world of improvement.
Birajdar Shivprasad M.*, Mulaje S.S., Patil B.R., Sorde M.B., Dr.Bhusnure O.G.
*Maharashtra College of Pharmacy, Department of Quality Assurance, Nilanga-413521,
Dist. Latur (Maharashtra) India
Production Planning & Control is an important aspect & separate department for any production oriented pharmaceutical industry. The basic objective of the manufacturing organization is to make the products. Thus the production is the nucleus or the centre of entire business operations. It must be emphasized, however, that on signal system of forecasting, preplanning, planning and control is suited to all industrial enterprises, no matter how well it may meet the needs of this on that special company. PPC functions look after the manufacturing activities.
Gautambhai, Emanual Michael Patelia*, Arpit Shah
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Analysis,
Indukaka Ipcowala College of Pharmacy,
New Vallabh Vidyanagar – 388121, Gujarat, India.
A fragmentation pattern generated by digestion of a particular protein with proteolytic enzymes of known specificity.
Used in protein identification.
Proteases will produce fragments of a characteristic size from a protein and this can be used as a test for the identity or otherwise of two similar sized proteins.
Peptide mapping involves controlled cleavage of a pure protein with small amounts of a pure protease to generate peptides of characteristic, reproducible sizes.
Dr. Amit Gangwal
Pharmacy college as a Lecture,
Smriti college of pharmaceutical education, Indore
The pharmaceutical industries world over, are in a period of crisis due to the poor number of approved drug molecules relative to the high levels of R&D investment. The drug industry is facing major scientific and strategic challenges. Conversion of genomics knowledge into new molecules seems to be unimpressive and futile. Moreover competition from generic giants is giving tough competitions to established products. Indian companies are no exception; rather, hardly any molecule has been delivered by Indian companies since time immemorial (readers are kindly requested to correct/update me, if I am not acknowledging some discovered molecule).
M. Pharm, Drug Regulatory Affairs
Jaipur National University
The Pharmaceutical industry represents one of the India’s strength. The regulation of pharmaceuticals in India is generally seen to be in need of reform, and has been the subject of many official commissions since 1995. Most commentators agree that the state should intervene to prevent untrammeled market forces leading to citizens’ suffering, because adequate information about the costs and benefits of different pharmaceuticals is inaccessible to most users. But in India, a wide range of stakeholders must be considered before changes can be made to the regulatory framework.