Pharmacognosy Articles

Herbal Cosmetics: A safe and effective approach

About Author:
Bhuwanchandra Joshi,

Division of Pharmaceutical Science
SHRI GURU RAM RAI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCES,
PATEL NAGAR, DEHRADUN, UTTARAKHAND

*bhuwan.joshi000@gmail.com

Abstract:
The concept of beauty and cosmetics is as ancient as mankind and civilization. Women are obsessed with  looking beautiful. So, they use various beauty products that have herbs to look charming and young. Indian herbs and its significance are popular worldwide. An herbal cosmetic have growing demand in the world market and is an invaluable gift of nature. Herbal formulations always have attracted considerable attention because of their good activity and comparatively lesser or nil side effects with synthetic drugs. Herbs and spices have been used in maintaining and enhancing  human beauty.  Indian women have long  used herbs such as Sandalwood and Turmeric for skin care, Henna to color the hair, palms and soles; and natural oils to perfume their bodies. Not too long ago, elaborate herbal beauty treatments were carried out in the royal palaces of India to heighten sensual appeal and maintain general hygiene. The herbal cosmetics manufactured and used commonly for daily purpose include herbal face wash, herbal  conditioner,  herbal  soap,  herbal  shampoo  etc. The industry is now focusing on the growing segment with a vast scope of manifold expansion in coming years. Herbal cosmetics are defined as the beauty products which posses desirable physiological activity such as healing, smoothing appearance, enhancing and conditioning properties because of herbal ingredient. Here we reported the introduction, classification, common herbs used in cosmetics.

A REVIEW ON MUSSAENDA SPECIES

About Authors:
Bharathi.V*, SwarnaLatha.D, M.Sreenivasulu

Annamcharya college of pharmacy, newboyana pally, rajampet(M),
kadapa(dt). Andhara Pradesh, India.
*bharu.v.net@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Medicinal plants have played an essential role in the development of human culture. Many of the modern medicines are produced indirectly from medicinal plants, for example aspirin. The present study was concentrated on past work reported on the some mussaenda species and study of different activities and phyto constitutions reported on mussaenda species. The genus Mussaenda (rubiaceae) is an important source of medicinal natural products, steroids, flavonoids, glycosides and only a few number of species reported positive for alkaloids and tannins. Many Mussaenda species were reported to possess anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory in different models, analgesic, antimicrobial, diuretic, antiphlogistic and antipyretic, acute gastroenteritis and dysentery, anti- fertility activity, antiviral property , antibacterial effect rarely for hepato protective activity and wound healing activity.

THERAPEUTIC POTENTIAL AND FUTURE PROSPECT OF PSIDIUM GUAJAVA LINN

About Author:
Aarti Narkhede
Mahakal Institute of Pharmaceutical Studies,
Ujjain, MP
narkhede_aarti@rediffmail.com

ABSTRACT
The use of natural product has increased tremendously in a western world as well as in developing countries or in all over part of world. via this artical therapeutic potential and future prospect of Psidium guajava L. are described. Psidium guajava L. belonging to family, myrtaceae. It is a commen tree and easily found in a tropical countries or area. Traditionally it is a very popular and used from long time in a various system of medicine like, unani, Siddha, homeopathy and Ayurveda. It is used for treatment of many ailments like diarrhea, dysentery, wounds, rheumatism, lungs problems, ulcers, skin infections, vaginal discharge, epilepsy, menstrual pain, sore throat, mouth swelling, cold and cough, toothache and etc. In present time study on antipoliferitive or anticancer activities are undertaken and it is found that anticancer activity of P.Guajava has a four time greater than vincristine.

A REVIEW: PLANTS AND HERBS USED IN ANXIETY

About Authors:
Awan Bharti*1, Sweta Gautam2
1Department of Pharmacognosy,
Shri Rawatpura Sarkar Institute of Pharmacy, Datia, M.P.
2Department of Pharmacognosy, RKDF College of Pharmacy, Bhopal
*bhartiawan@gmail.com, shwetagautam85@rediffmail

ABSTRACT
Interest in alternative medicine and plant-derived medications that affect the "mind" is growing. Anxiety affects one-eighth of the total population of the world and has become a very important area of research interest in psychopharmacology during this decade. Anxiety, a state of excessive fear, is characterized by motor tension, sympathetic hyperactivity, and apprehension and vigilance syndromes. Benzodiazepines are the major class of compounds used in anxiety and they have remained the most commonly prescribed treatment for anxiety, despite the important unwanted side effects that they produce such as sedation, muscle relaxation, ataxia, amnesia, ethanol and barbiturate potentiation and tolerance. Various types of herbal medicines have been used as anxiolytic drugs in different parts of the world. Folk medicines have particular values, for example, plants that "calm down", tranquilize, and raise mood, such as Passiflora coerulea, Valeriana officinalis, Matricaria recutita, Jatropa cilliata, Salvia guaranitica, Tilia tormentosa, and Tilia europeae. Plants have long been used to treat central nervous system (CNS) disorders.

A REVIEW OF MITRAGYNA PARVIFOLIA (ROXB) KORTH

About Authors:
Sharda roy*, vikas chandra roy, dr. R. C. Roy
Address Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Global College of Pharmacy.
Kahnpur Khui. Punjab.
*roysharda08@gmail.com

Abstract:
Mitragyna parvifolia
is a medium to large size tree belonging to the family Rubiaceae. It is popularly known as Kaim and is found growing gregariously throughout the drier parts of India, Pakistan and Srilanka. The aerial parts, stem-bark and roots of the tree contain various indolic (tetrahydroalstonine, akkuamigine, hirsuteine etc) and oxindolic (mitraphylline, isomitraphylline, pteropodine, isopteropodine etc) alkaloids. Important variations in the nature and quantity of alkaloids present in different parts of the plant are visible with change in geographical locations. In addition, various parts of the tree such as fruit juice, leaves and stem bark have been used in the traditional system of medicine by the natives and tribal since times immemorial. Mitragyna parvifolia has also got diverse medicinal and therapeutic properties such as analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antiarthritic, anthelmentic, antioxidant etc which have been validated scientifically. In this study we have critically reviewed the pharmacognostic and chemical profile, the traditional and the scientifically validated bioactivities of the plant.

A REVIEW ARTICLE ON ANTIFUNGAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF TAGETES ERECTA

About Author:
Bandana patel
Shri Ram Institute Of Technology
Jabalpur(M.P.) 482002
Vandanapatel.mbbs@gmail.com

Abstract:
Tagetes erectus
leaf  were evaluated against various gram +ve and gram–ve bacteria and fungi, ethanol extracts exhibited very satisfactory inhibitory activity. Further studies involving the isolation, characterization and purification of the chemical compounds of the plant and screening for antibacterial and antifungal may result in the development of a potent entity which will be of lower toxicity and a high therapeutic value to the mankind.

TOTAL PHENOLIC AND FLAVONOID CONTENT OF DIFFERENT EXTRACTS OF INDIGOFERA TINCTORIA LINN

About Authors:
Nagasaraswathi.M*, Rafi khan.P, Aleemuddin.MA, Gopi Chand.K, Nagaprashanthi.Ch
Faculty of Pharmacy, PRIST University,
Thanjavur-614901, Tamilnadu (INDIA)
abdulaleemuddin@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
The importance for medicinal herbs is increasing day by day due to its high availability and lower side effects. The present study investigated the total phenolic and flavonoid content of various extractions of Indigofera tinctoria linn. The total phenolic content was determined by folin-ciocatechu reagent using Gallic acid as standard and total flavnoid content by aluminium chloride assay using Quercetin as a standard. The present study showed the ratio of phenolic and flavonoid content in different extracts of Indigofera tinctoria linn. Aqueous extract showed the more flavonoid and phenolic content in comparision with other extracts.

REVIEW ARTICLE ON ANTIMICROBIAL, ANXIOLYTIC AND MUSCLE RELAXANT ACTIVITY OF ECLIPTA ALBA (BHRINGRAJ)

About Authors:
Nishtha mukherjee
Shri ram institute of technology
jabalpur (m.p.) 482002
Nishthamukherjee210@gmail.com

ABSTRACT: Eclipta alba offers a remarkable activities for curing of many diseases. It has wide range of chemical constituents. Clinical investigations have been done on pharmacological activities like hepatotoxicity, proliferative, diabetic, hypolipedemic etc. Eclipta alba leaves were collected and dried. Furthur aquous and ethanolic extract were prepared and evaluated for anti microbial, anxiolytic and muscle relaxant activity.

ISOLATION, EXTRACTION, PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ALKALINE PROTEASE FROM NEUROSPORA CRASSA AND ENZYME ASSAY

About Authors:
Anuradha Shinde
S.R.T.M. University Nanded,
Maharashtra India
anushindebiotech@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT
The present invention relates to a filamentous fungus useful for the production of heterologous polypeptides, having been modified by recombinant DNA technology in a manner by which the expression of alkaline proteases have been completely or partially inactivated. The invention also encompasses processes for the production of proteins of interest in high yields by using the fungi of the invention. The invention furthermore relates to methods for producing such fungi and DNA constructs to be used in these methods. Extracellular alkaline proteases from Neurospora crassa is produced for the commercial requirement of proteases. The purification procedure consisted of an ammonium sulfate precipitation, dialysis, and anion-exchange chromatography, and gel filtration. We found only one enzyme identical by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Optimization was done with characterization of enzyme. With a pH value of 10.0 and temperature 60 c the enzyme production was increased.

FOOD CONTAMINANTS: BANGLADESH PERSPECTIVE

About Authors:
Zubair Khalid Labu1; AK Mohiuddin1; M.A Bake*2
1Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh (WUB), Dhaka-1215, Bangladesh
*2Product Development officer, Gonoshasthaya Pharmaceuticals Ltd., Mirzanagar, Savar, Dhaka-1344.
zubairlabu@yahoo.com; *abdul.bake@yahoo.com

Abstract
Food is the major source of energy in humans as well as animals. Foods are materials taken into the body by different route which provide nourishment in the form of energy or in the building of tissues. Food contaminants are substances that make food unfit for human consumption. Examples include bacteria, toxic chemicals, carcinogens, teratogens and radioactive materials. The purpose of these studies is to find out the food contaminants which are used in different purposes available in Bangladesh and contaminants detection method. After survey we found that Dhaka is the main city where food contamination by various contaminants in higher percentage. This contamination done by manmade, industrial discharge, poisonous water etc. Government of Bangladesh taking various necessary steps to stop this contamination.

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