Mahakal Institute of Pharmaceutical Studies

PROLOTHERAPY FOR ARTHRITIS- A REVIEW

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Ranjana Joshi*, Shikha Jain, Kirti Jatwa,  Monika Thakur, Anies Shaikh
Department of Pharmaceutics,
Mahakal Institute of Pharmaceutical Studies,
Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India
ranjanajoshipharma@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Prolotherapy is a technique which can be used to treat pain and injuries. Osteoarthritis is a disease acquired from daily wear and tear of joints and also due to injury. Prolotherapy is an injection technique which causes inflammation at the site of injection, new blood vessels form and mature, pain subsides and collagen density and tissue strength are increased. It works by stimulating the body’s own healing mechanism at the site of injection leading to long lasting relief of the injured area. This review focuses on the treatment of osteoarthritis using prolotherapy.

A REVIEW ON ELAEOCARPUS SPHAERICUS (RUDRAKSHA)

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Shikha Jain*, Kirti Jatwa, Vikas Jain, Avnish Sharma, S.C. Mahajan
Department of Pharmaceutics,
Mahakal Institute of Pharmaceutical Studies,
Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India.
*jain.shikhapharma@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
The demand of herbal products is now increasing tremendously in whole across the World especially in India. Elaeocarpus sphaericus (rudraksha), belonging to the family Elaeocarpeaceae is popular in indigenous system of medicine including Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani. Traditionally rudraksha is used for the treatment of various diseases like stress, anxiety, depression, palpitation, nerve pain, and epilepsy, and migraine, lack of concentration, asthma, hypertension, arthritis and liver diseases. Phytochemical study of rudraksha reveals that it contains indolizidine type of Alkaloids. Aqueous extract of leaves contains glycosides also. It also contains minerals, vitamins, steroids,flavanoids. Ethanolic extract of leaves contains gallic acid, ellagic acid & quercetin. This plant has also been proved to be a very good centre for researches for scientists. In the field of research, rudraksha has been found to possess various biological activities like anti-hypertensive, anti-depressant, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, analgesic, anti-diabetic and antioxidant activity. In view of its wide pharmacological and biological activities, it seems to behaving a great therapeutic potential. The present review aims to present current knowledge of major phyto-constituents, clinical studies with major emphasis on traditional and pharmacological activities.


ETODOLAC: A PHARMACOECONOMIC AND CLINICALLY EFFECTIVE NSAID FOR ARTHRITIS

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Bhale Shweta*, Saxena Vaishali, Bhandari Govind, Mahajan S.C.
Mahakal Institute of Pharmaceutical studies,
Ujjain (m.p)
*bhaleshweta11@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Connective tissue disease include the following state: rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, polyarteritis nodosa, gout, rheumatic fever and osteoarthritis, with the most  common forms of which are rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis and gout. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, nonsuppurative inflammatory disease  of unknown cause affecting primarily peripheral synovial joint. the onset  is usually insidious, with  immunological reaction playing a major role. Common  medications for arthritis include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). NSAIDs decrease pain, inflammation, and fever by blocking cyclo-oxygenase (COX) enzymes. Understanding of the pharmacology of NSAIDs continues to evolve, but it is now thought that most NSAIDs block three different COX isoenzymes, known as COX-1, COX-2, and COX-3. COX-1 protects the lining of the stomach from acid. COX-2 is found in joint and muscle, and mediates effects on pain and inflammation. By blocking COX-2, NSAIDs reduce pain compared to placebo in patients with arthritis, low back pain, minor injuries, and soft tissue rheumatism. selective NSAIDs or “COX-2 selective NSAIDs” as drugs in the “coxib” class (celecoxib, rofecoxib, valdecoxib, etoricoxib, lumiracoxib). “partially selective NSAIDs” as other drugs shown to have partial in vitro COX-2 selectivity (etodolac, nabumetone, meloxicam).

NIOSOMES- AS NOVEL DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM

ABOUT AUTHOR:
Deepika Kadodiya
Mahakal Institute Of Pharmaceutical Studies,
Ujjain M.P.
deepikakadodiya05@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Niosomes are a novel drug delivery system that are finding application in drug targeting antineoplastic treatment, leishmaniasis treatment, delivery of peptide drugs, transdermal drug delivery systems, cosmetics, immunological application of peptide drugs, carriers for haemoglobin, sustained release etc. A niosome is a non-ionic surfactant based liposomes. It is formed by cholesterol with the use of other excipients. The various methods used in the formation of niosomes such as ether injection method, sonication, microfluidization, hand shaking method for the different types of niosomes. The goal of this article focuses on the recent advances in niosomal drug delivery, potential advantages over other delivery systems, formulation methods, methods of characterization, limitation of niosomes, comparision of niosomes v/s liposomes, application of niosomes, marketed products of niosomes and the current research in the field of niosomes.

MICROBALLOONS DELIVERY SYSTEM: AN INNOVATIVE ACCEPTABLE APPROACH IN GASTRORETENTIVE DRUG DELIVERY

About Authors:
Yashodhara Choubey*, Mr. Govind Bhandari, Mr. Avnish Sharma, Mr. Mukesh Mehra
Mahakal Institute of Pharmaceutical Studies,
Ujjain (M.P.), India
*yashodhara.juhipharma@gmail.com

Abstract
Gastric emptying is a complex process and makes in vivo performance of the drug delivery systems uncertain. In order to avoid this variability, efforts have been made to increase the retention time of the drug-delivery systems for more than 12 hours. The Microballoons delivery systems are useful in such application. Microballoonsare gastro-retentive drug delivery systems based on non-effervescent approach. Microballoonsare in strict sense, spherical empty particles without core and ideally having a size less than 200 micrometer. Microballoonsare low-density systems that have sufficient buoyancy to float over gastric contents and remain in stomach for prolonged period. The drug is released slowly at desired rate resulting in increased gastric retention with reduced fluctuations in plasma drug concentration. Microballoons improve patient compliance by decreasing dosing frequency; better therapeutic effect of short half-life drugs can be achieved. These are primarily controlled release drug delivery systems, which gets retained in the stomach for longer periods of time, thus helping in absorption of drug for the intended duration of time. Gastric retentive drug delivery devices can be useful for the spatial and temporal delivery of many drugsbecause of buoyancy.

ZALTOPROFEN: AN EFFECTIVE NSAID FOR PAIN MANAGEMENT

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Saxena Vaishali*, Bhale Shweta, Dantoriya Sanjay, Mathariya Arun k., Mahajan S.C., Bhandari Govind
Mahakal Institute of Pharmaceutical studies,
Ujjain (m.p)
*vaishali.saxena0390@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Pain management is important for ongoing pain control, especially if you suffer with long-term or chronic pain. NSAIDs or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are among the most common pain relief medicines in the world. Every day more than 30 million peoples use them to soothe headaches, sprains, arthritis symptoms, and other daily discomforts, according to the American Gastroenterological Association. Propionic acid derivatives are widely regarded as the drugs of first choice in the management of patients with inflammatory joint disease because they are the class of NSAIDs with the lowest incidence of side effects. Zaltoprofen (ZLT) is a propionic acid derivative of non steroidal anti inflammatory class, which has excellent effect on post-surgery or post trauma chronic inflammation of the drug. So, Zaltoprofen may serve as a potent and superior analgesic for the treatment of pain. Zaltoprofen has the dose of 80 mg three times a day which reduce patient compliance and used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and other chronic inflammatory Pain conditions. ZLT has recently been reported to cause potent inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 with fewer side effects on the gastro-intestinal tract than other non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs.

NUTRACEUTICALS

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Miss Apoorva Bhatnagar1, Dr. S. C. Mahajan2
1Mahakal institute of pharmaceutical studies,  
2Director at Mahakal Institute of Pharmaceutical Studies,
Ujjain (m.p.)  456010
*apy1590bhtngr@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Foods and food habits in today’s lifestyle have lead to the disturbances in an ideally nutritionally balanced body. Therefore in such state if “food be your medicine” then it would be great to achieve a healthy body and mind. The article covers major food products and nutraceuticals and their role they play in human health.

REVIEW ON ONCOLYTIC VIRUS

ABOUT AUTHORS
Ashwini Dhusiya, Ritu Mahajan,
Mahakal Inatitute of Pharmaceutical Studies, ujjain
Madhya Pradesh
.
*ashwinidhusiya@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Oncolytic virus is a wonderful discovery of 21st century. The basic concept of Oncolytic virus was developed since 1946 but it was not produce its effect properly. Now latest technology and modern biotechnology introduce a very efficient Oncolytic virus. This is a genetically modified virus that can treat various type of cancer with fewer side effects than other treatment of cancer. It follows different mechanism of killing tumor by specifically replication; induction of tissue necrosis factor; activation of immunity and treat incurable cancer even in metastatic stage of cancer so it is also effective in leukemia. Oncolytic virus therapy is undergoing in clinical trial and shows better results.
This article covers brief knowledge of cancer, Virus and Oncolytic virus. It is helpful to understand history, mechanism, benefits and clinical data of Oncolytic virus. And a summary of marketed product ready to launch in near future.

ROLE OF HERBAL DRUGS IN PSYCHOSOMATIC DISORDERS

About Authors:
Miss Tejaswini Sharma 1*, Mr. Govind Bhandari 2
1MAHAKAL INSTITUTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL STUDIES, UJJAIN (M.P.)  456010
2ASSISTANT PROFESSOR,
MAHAKAL INSTITUTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL STUDIES, UJJAIN (M.P.)  456010
*Sharma.tejaswini@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
The psychosomatic disorders are variant in nature and to get rid of this problem, we must understand the basics of its causative factors and their effects on sole body.
Now being herbal drugs are comparatively less toxic and has negligible side effects the use of these drugs on such type of disorders are quite encouraging. So here is the brief study on seldom diseases and their causative factors, and treatment part by herbs accordingly discoursed.