ROLE OF HERBAL DRUGS IN PSYCHOSOMATIC DISORDERS

 

About Authors:
Miss Tejaswini Sharma 1*, Mr. Govind Bhandari 2
1MAHAKAL INSTITUTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL STUDIES, UJJAIN (M.P.)  456010
2ASSISTANT PROFESSOR,
MAHAKAL INSTITUTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL STUDIES, UJJAIN (M.P.)  456010
*Sharma.tejaswini@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
The psychosomatic disorders are variant in nature and to get rid of this problem, we must understand the basics of its causative factors and their effects on sole body.
Now being herbal drugs are comparatively less toxic and has negligible side effects the use of these drugs on such type of disorders are quite encouraging. So here is the brief study on seldom diseases and their causative factors, and treatment part by herbs accordingly discoursed.

REFERENCE ID: PHARMATUTOR-ART-1709

INTRODUCTION:
The human being is composed of body, mind and soul. The soul is influenced by many sort of surrounding or circumstances, but the first two (the body and mind) are quite susceptible with all around its periphery and contacts.
The body used to affects directly and exhibits its respond accordingly, but the mind when affected by its environment; it shows its reactions through the body’s physical behavior changes. This phenomenon when a person’s body exhibits psychic behavior changes due to surrounding and atmosphere that may called as “Psychosomatic Disorders”

Psychosomatic disorder, also called Psycho physiologic Disorder, condition in which psychological stresses adversely affect physiological (somatic) functioning to the point of distress. It is a condition of dysfunction or structural damage in bodily organs through inappropriate activation of the involuntary nervous system and the glands of internal secretion. Thus, the psychosomatic symptom emerges as a physiological concomitant of an emotional state. In a state of rage, for example, the angry person’s blood pressure is likely to be elevated and his pulse and rate to be increased. When the anger passes, the heightened physiologic processes usually subside. If the person has a persistent inhibited aggression (chronic rage), however, which he is unable to express overtly, the emotional state remains unchanged, though unexpressed in the overt behaviour, and the physiological symptoms associated with the angry state persist. With time, such a person becomes aware of the physiological dysfunction. Very often he develops concern over the resulting physical signs and symptoms, but he denies or is unaware of the emotions that have evoked the symptoms.

Psychosomatic disorders may affect almost any part of the body, though they are usually found in systems not under voluntary control. Research by psychiatrist Franz Alexander and his colleagues at the Chicago Institute of Psychoanalysis in the 1950s and 1960s suggested that specific personality traits and specific conflicts may create particular psychosomatic illnesses, but it is generally believed that the form a disorder takes is due to individual vulnerabilities. Emotional stress is assumed to aggravate existing illnesses, and there is some evidence that it may precipitate illnesses not usually considered to be psychosomatic (e.g., cancer, diabetes) in individuals predisposed to them.Psychosomatic disorders resulting from stress may include hypertension, respiratory ailments, gastrointestinal disturbances, migraine and tension headaches, pelvic pain, impotence, frigidity, dermatitis, and ulcers. Many patients suffering from psychosomatic diseases respond to a combination of drug therapy, psychoanalysis, and behavior therapy. In less severe cases, patients can learn to manage stress without drugs.

Meaning of psychosomatic disorder:
Psychosomatic means mind (psyche) and body (soma). A psychosomatic disorder is a disease which involves both mind and body. Some physical diseases are thought to be particularly prone to be made worse by mental factors such as stress and anxiety. Your current mental state can affect how bad a physical disease is at any given time. Psychosomatic means mind-body illness; illness where emotional factors produce physical symptoms. These arise mainly from over activity of the autonomic nervous system which is influenced by the emotional state, e.g., chronic blushing may be due to feelings of guilt, the skin arterioles dilate as a result of autonomic over activity, inflammation follows death of some skin cells results in the development of a rash.

History:
The term ‘psychosomatic’ is proposed as early as 1818. In 1935 Dunbar published a book on ‘emotions and body changes’ The high incidence of psychosomatic disorders among military personnel exposed to wartime stresses during 2nd world war also contributes to the concept of psychosomatic diseases .Examples of modern researches are:
Animal experiment of Pavlov on the conditioned salivary reflex(1928) 
Cannon-1932-physiological effect of intense emotional stimuli. He demonstrated that stimulation of autonomic nervous system particularly sympathetic nervous system 1950-harold Wolff observed physiology of gastro intestinal tract appear to correlate with the emotional state. Hyper function associated with hostility and hypo function associated with sadness. The history of psychosomatic medicine dates to ancient beliefs that the body can be affected by external forces.

Sigmund Freud famously studied psychosomatic illnesses, which informed his theories of the unconscious mind and repression. Many identifiable illnesses have previously been labeled as ‘hysterical’ or ‘psychosomatic’, for example: asthma, allergies, false pregnancy, and migraines. Some illnesses are under debate, including multiple chemical sensitivity, Gulf War syndrome, and chronic fatigue syndrome. Some people suggest that stigmatic suffer a psychosomatic illness based on identifying with the biblical crucified Jesus. The term “psychosomatic” has developed a negative connotation in modern medicine, being confused with malingering, mental illness or outright fakery. Psychosomatic pain is difficult to differentiate from the above conditions but actual psychosomatic pain is real pain caused by unconscious mind rather than symptoms of illness or injury. Psychosomatic illness can result from problems with relationships, stress or other non-physical causes, often influenced by external factors or individuals.

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