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TARGETED DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS FOR LUNG CANCER

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Abdul Waheed1*, Ankit Gupta2, Parth Patel3
1Department of Pharmacology
2Department of Pharmaceutics
3Department of Drug Regulatory Affair
Amity Institute of Pharmacy, Amity University, Noida-125, U.P. (INDIA)
abdul.waheed2050@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
In the present scenario, lung cancer is one of the most prevalent and malignant cancer especially among the smoking group of people. The targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic agents to the lungs represents a novel therapeutic approach in lung cancer. Lung is an ideal route for administration of anticancer drug as it provides larger alveolar surface area, low thickness of epithelial barrier & extensive vascularization. Nanoparticles with nanocarriers have possibility of cell-targeted drug delivery with minimal systemic side effect and toxicity. Pulmonary epithelial cell, enzymes, receptors and genes are the target of the targeted drug delivery in lung cancer. This paper reviews the till date targeted drug delivery research performed for the treatment of lung cancer.


NEED AND APPLICATION OF ANALYTICAL METHOD DEVELOPMENT ON NEW FIXED DOSE COMBINATION OF IRBESARTAN AND ATORVASTATIN IN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Paras Virani1,2*, Parul Jain3, Hasumati Raj2, Vineet Jain2
1Research Scholar 2014, Gujarat Technological University, Gujarat
2Quality assurance department, Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College, Kim, Surat
3Quality assurance department, Maliba Pharmacy College, Bardoli, Surat
parasvirani@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Analytical method is primary requirement of the pharmaceutical industry. In pharmaceutical industry various analytical methods is used like chromatography, spectroscopy method, electrochemical method, ion incorporating method, etc. Irbesartan is Irbesartan is classified as an angiotensin II receptor type 1 antagonist. Angiotensin II receptor type 1 antagonists are widely used in treatment of diseases like hypertension, heart failure, myocardial infarction and diabetic nephropathy. Atorvastatin is the most efficacious of the currently available HMG-CoA Reductase inhibitors used in anti lipidemic and also used in atherosclerosis, stroke and cardiac risk. In recently approved new fixed dose combination of Irbesartan and atorvastatin in market of Korea so it require analytical method development which help in industry for new drug delivery system development. This review highlights the role, need and application of various analytical techniques for Irbesartan and atorvastatin combination and their corresponding analytical methods in the pharmaceutical industry.


REVIEW: PLAGIARISM AN ACT OF UNETHICS

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Anuradha Sharma, Vaibhav Walia, Monika Gahlawat
G.V.M. College of Pharmacy,
Sonepat, Haryana
anusarswat@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Plagiarism is a multifaceted and ethically a complex problemwhich simply means the stealing and publication of another author’s work as one's own original work without acknowledge the original author. Plagiarism is simply an act of fraud.Authors should acknowledge sources fully and appropriately to follow the ethics and plagiarism is failure to do so. However the students or the authors sometimes fail to acknowledge the source appropriately and properly. These failures are largely due to the lack of knowledge to use the citations properly. Therefore to maintain the ethics the plagiarism should be avoided. The aim of this paper is to define plagiarism, its type, methods of detection and the ways to avoid plagiarism.


A REVIEW ON PARKINSON’S DISEASE: ITS PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, TREATMENT AND SURGERY

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Singh Divya1, Sidhdhi Shrimali2, Rathore KS2*
1Jaipur College of Pharmacy, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2BN Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
*kamalsrathore@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Parkinsonism disease (PD) is a progressive neurological disorder. Degeneration of dopamine producing cells in the substantia nigra (part of the basal ganglia) leads to a decreased dopamine production. The cause of the damage is unknown. The main known risk factor is age. Parkinson’s affects functional activities such as balance, walking, speech, handwriting, typing, fastening buttons, driving, and many other simple, or complex but familiar and routine activities, as they are usually controlled by the mechanisms of dopamine and the basal ganglia. This review briefly focuses on deep brain stimulation neurosurgical treatment. Levodopa was the first drug approved specifically for Parkinson’s disease. Levodopa is converted by enzymes in the brain to produce dopamine, thereby supplementing function that has been lost as dopamine-producing neurons die.Topics covered in the review includes pathogenesis, mechanism of action, side effects of medicines and neurological surgery.


MOLECULAR DOCKING STUDIES OF N-(2-BENZOYLPHENYL)-L-TYROSINE DERIVATIVES WITH ANTI-DIABETIC ACTIVITY OF TYPE 2 DIABETES

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Anuradha Sharma*, Vaibhav Walia, Monika
GVM College of Pharmacy,
Sonepat, Haryana
anusarswat@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Type 2 diabetes is one of the major life threatening diseases worldwide. These cases are progressing at an incremental rate every year and number of research works is going on to control the disease by targeting its enzymes or proteins. In modern drug designing, molecular docking is routinely used for understanding drug receptor interaction. In the present study molecular docking were performed on a diverse set of N-(2-benzoylphenyl)-L-tyrosine derivatives that demonstrate antidiabetic activity by stimulating peroxisome proliferator activated receptor- γ. The docking program in Glide dock justifies the correlation between the experimental values and the values derived computationally. Therefore, the dock analysis performed in Glide dock suggests the importance of evaluating the prediction accuracy of scoring functions adopted in various docking program.


SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF LINEZOLID AND CEFIXIME IN THEIR COMBINED DOSAGE FROM

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Joshi HV*, Patel JK, Shah UA, Patel Kinjal
Nootan Pharmacy College,
Visnagar, Gujarat, India
hirakjoshi@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Simple, accurate, precise, reproducible, requiring no prior separation and economical procedures for simultaneous estimation of Linezolid (LIN) and Cefixime (CEF) in tablet dosage form have been developed. The method is simultaneous equation method; in this method 257.0 nm and 288.0 nm were selected respectively for LIN and CEF to measure the absorbance of both the drugs at mentioned wavelengths. Both the drugs show linearity at 10-50 μg/mL, the range was selected by studying their ratio present in combined formulation. Recovery studies range from >99.35% for CEF and >99.23% for LIN in mentioned analytical method i.e. simultaneous equation method. The proposed methods are recommended for routine analysis since it is rapid, simple, accurate and also sensitive and specific (no heating and no organic solvent extraction is required).


DIFFERENCE SPECTROSCOPIC METHOD FOR THE ESTIMATION OF ACEBUTOLOL HYDROCHLORIDE IN BULK AND IN ITS FORMULATION

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Jadhav Santosh*, Mali Audumbar, Pawar Seemarani, Kharat Rekha, Tamboli Ashpak
Department of Pharmaceutics, Sahyadri College of Pharmacy, Methwade,
Sangola-413307, Solapur, Maharashtra, India.
*jadhavsan88@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
A simple, precise and accurate difference spectroscopic method has been developed for the estimation of Acebutolol Hydrochloride in bulk drug form by difference spectrophotometric method. Acebutolol Hydrochloride has exhibited maximum absorbance at about 233nm and 234nm in acidic and basic solution respectively. Beer’s law was obeyed in the concentration range of 2-10 µg/ml in both the cases. The regression of coefficient was found to be r2=0.9992. The LOD and LOQ value were found to be 0.2670ppm and 0.8091ppm respectively. The proposed method was successfully applied for the determination of Acebutolol Hydrochloride in bulk drug. As per ICH guidelines the result of the analysis were validated statistically and were found to be satisfactory.


A REVIEW ON ROLE OF LASER PHOTOCOAGULATION THERAPY IN DIABETIC RETINOPATHY

ABOUT AUTHORS:
M. Sushma*, T. V. V. Vidyadhar, M. Babu M.D., R. Mohan raj
*Department of Pharmacy Practice,
Raghavendra Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, RIPER.
K R Palli Cross, Near S.K University, Anantapuramu District, Andhra Pradesh
sushma.banthi@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Diabetic retinopathy, one of the leading causes of blindness for diabetic patients between the ages of 20 and 74. The clinical research provides control of blood glucose and blood pressure substantially reduces the risk of blindness due to diabetic retinopathy, many patients develop this eye disease and are at risk for serious vision loss, sometimes even despite outstanding metabolic control. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when high blood glucose damages the micro blood vessels in the retina which leads to leakage of small amounts of blood, serum, blood fats and blood proteins proliferates to vision loss and formation of scar tissue. Here the retinal laser therapy also called aslaser photocoagulation has greatly reduced the number of patients who lose vision to Diabetic retinopathy. Laser photocoagulation refers to the precise and concentrated application of high energy light, typically of a single wavelength called monochromatic light.


A REVIEW ON DIFFERENT TYPES OF ICHTHYOSIS AND MANAGEMENT

ABOUT AUTHORS:
T. Vishnu Vara Vidyadhar*, M. Sushma, R. Mohan raj, M. Babu
*Department of Pharmacy Practice,
Raghavendra Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, RIPER
K R Palli Cross, Near S.K University, Anantapuramu District, Andhra Pradesh, India
vishnuvaravidyadhar@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Ichthyosis is one of the most devastating of the genodermatoses. Neonates usually die within the first few days of life from infection or dehydration related complications. Prenatal diagnosis remains difficult but may be possible in high risk pregnancies by performing a foetal skin biopsy or by three-dimensional ultrasonography. Ichthyosis may be either inherited or acquired. Inherited Ichthyosis is usually apparent during the first year of life, often at birth, and continues to affect a person throughout life. Acquired Ichthyosis may occur as the result of medical problems including hormonal, inflammatory or malignant disorders. Managing the signs and symptoms the treatment is targeted which includes creams, lotions, or ointments to relieve dryness.


ANALYTICAL METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION FOR SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF TOLPERISONE HYDROCHLORIDE AND DICLOFENAC SODIUM IN BULK AND PHARMACEUTICAL FORMULATION

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Akash M Patel*, Nirav N Patel, Prakash A Sathwara
*Faculty of Pharmacy, Dharmsinh Desai University,
Nadiad, Gujarat
Aku.pharmacy@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Quantitative analysis of any drug is an important tool in an industry. It is important to determine that the raw material, intermediate products as well as final products meet its specifications and are of required quality. The number of drugs and drug formulations introduced into the market has been increasing at an alarming rate. These drugs or formulations may be either new entities or partial structural modification of the existing ones or novel dosage forms.

Spectrophotometry and HPLC methods are considered to be most suitable for estimation of the drugs present in pharmaceutical dosage forms.

· Literature review reveals that several spectroscopic and Chromatographic method have been reported for estimation of TOL and DIC alone as well as with other drugs.
· Simultaneous equation, dual wavelength difference UV spectrophotometry and First derivative spectroscopic method is available for this combination.
· The aim of work is to develop and validate cost effective First derivative method in water and RP-HPLC method for simultaneous estimation of TOL and DIC in bulk and Tablet dosage form.
· Development of UV spectrophotometric method.