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Department of Pharmaceutics,
St.Pauls College of Pharmacy, Turkayamjal (V),
Hayathnagar (M), R.R.Dist-501510, India.
Objective: Cefixime is a third generation cephalosporin antibiotic having bactericidal activity by inhibition of cell wall synthesis and is used in the treatment of uncomplicated UTI, pharyngitis and tonsillitis, acute bronchitis and acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, uncomplicated gonorrhoea etc. The concept of formulating floating tablets containing Cefixime offers a suitable and practical approach in serving desired objective of retaining the drug in the stomach to increase the its bioavailability.
Methods: The tablets were prepared by direct compression methodand total of 12 formulations are developedemploying HPMC K100M and HPMC K15M as polymers for sustaining the drug release and sodium bicarbonate as the gas generating agent.
Results: Various polymers have been selected and subjected to IR-spectroscopic studies and found that there were no drug–excipient interactions. The powder blends of all the formulations have shown good flow properties. Other parameters such as hardness, friability, drug content uniformity, Floating lag time and in-vitro dissolution studies were performed and the results were satisfactory.
Conclusion: Formulation F 12 was found to be best in all aspects and was considered as optimized formulation, it has a low floating lag time of 2mins and has shown a maximum drug release of 99% at the end of 24 hours and drug release was by diffusion through the polymer matrix.
Vivek P. Chavda
Department of Pharmaceutics,
B.K. Mody Government Pharmacy College, Near Aji dem, Rajkot-Bhavnagar highway,
Gujarat technological university, Rajkot-360003, Gujarat (India)
The goal of tailor-made medicineis to maximize the likelihood of therapeutic efficacy and to minimize the risk of drug toxicity for an individual patient. It involves right drug & dose, right patient and at right time administration of a medication. By averting the knowledge of gene sequence and their functions, biomedical research are diversified towards inter-individual variations that are expected to become an eminent part of treatment planning in terms of efficacy and toxic side effects of drugs. tailor-made medicinefocuses on individualized drug treatment according to each patient’s molecular diagnosis and genetic makeup. Genomic-based diagnostics can play a key role in creating a more efficient healthcare system by directing patients toward beneficial therapies and away from therapies that pose substantial risk or are unlikely to improve outcomes for the patient.
PSG College of Pharmacy
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes, are the leading cause of mortality in the world. According to world health organization, In India The probability of dying between ages 30 and 70 years from the 4 main Non-Communicable Diseases (Cancers, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases, Chronic Respiratory Diseases) is 26 % in the year 2014  .
The WHO defined palliative care as “an approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problems associated with life-threatening illness, through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of early identification and impeccable assessment and treatment of pain and other problems, physical, psychosocial, and spiritual . It has been considered both a general approach to patient care and a practice specialty. A palliative care approach can be applied at any point during the course of illness and should not be confused with hospice care, which incorporates the philosophies of palliative care, but is typically provided to patients with life expectancies of 6 months or less. The purpose of this review article is to focus on pharmacotherapy decisions of chronically ill patients during the later part of life and pharmacists responsibilities in hospice and palliative care.
Indian Institute of Health Management and Research,
Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
KPO is latest wave to hit outsourcing business globally, booming sector with tremendous potential. It employs more then 25000 people currently. Worldwide KPO sector is expected to reach about US $17 billion by 2015, out of which US $12 billion will be the contribution made by India.KPO is claimed to be one step extension of BPO as it is advantageous and has lot of future scope. Developing rivalry among business units has constrained the firms to give operational proficiency and increase the value of their products and services.
Shalja Verma, Anand Kumar Pandey*
Department of Biotechnology, Institute of Engineering & Technology,
Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India
Cancer is the second principal death cause, in the recent scenario 1 out of every 4 people die out of cancer. Not more than 50% advanced cancer subjects live a year ahead. RNA interference (RNAi) a phenomenon which serves for shutting off the expression of a specific sequence has proved itself a finest weapon against cancer. This mechanism involves silencing of the expression of desired mRNA sequence by degrading it using a dsRNA (double stranded RNA) molecule having complementarity to the desired mRNA. However a major challenge in proficient implementation of this therapy against cancer is lack of efficient delivery methods for the dsRNA to the target tissue. Various delivery methods had already been developed for efficient and effective delivery of the dsRNA and many are under trial. This review is going to present the great efficacy of RNAi against cancer and the various delivery methods performing capable work in accurate application of this therapy.
BIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS OF VITAMIN B COMPLEX AND EFFECTS ON HUMAN HEALTH IN BOTH EXCESS AND DEFICIENCY LEVELS
Department of Pharmacy,
Guru Ram Das (PG) Institute of Management & Technology,
Dehradun, Uttarakhand, 248009, India.
Vitamins are micronutrients and play vital role in healthy life. Body needs them in relatively small amounts, in comparison with other nutrients. Vitamins are two types on bases of their solubility viz. lipid soluble and water soluble. B vitamins or vitamin B complex are a group of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism. These vitamins are chemically distinct vitamins that often coexist in the same foods. Individual B vitamin supplements are referred to by the specific name of each vitamin (e.g., B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B8, B9, B12 etc.). In general, supplements containing all eight vitamins are referred to as a vitamin B complex. B vitamins are found in whole unprocessed foods. Processed carbohydrates such as sugar and white flour tend to have a lower B vitamin than their unprocessed counterparts. Good sources for B vitamins include legumes (pulses or beans), whole grains, potatoes, banana, chilli peppers, tempeh, nutritional yeast, brewer’s yeast, and molasses. The vitamin B12 is of note because it is not available from plant products, making B12 deficiency a legitimate concern for vegetarians. Deficiency of B vitamins causes various diseases. Their deficiency may cause diseases viz.Vit. B1-Beriberi; Vit B2-Ariboflavinosis; Vit B3-Pellagra; Vit B5-acne; Vit B6-microcytic anaemia; Vit B7-CNS disorders; Vit B9–leucopaenia, macrocytic anaemia; Vit. B12-Macrocytic anaemia, memory loss.
MBA Pharmaceutical Management- Opening New Frontiers for a Vibrant Career in Pharmaceutical Industry
Saurabh Kumar Banerjee
Assistant Professor, School of Pharmaceutical Management,
The IIHMR University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Pablo Picasso the famous Spanish painter, poet and playwright once quoted-
“Our goals can only be reached through a vehicle of a plan, In which we must fervently believe, and upon which we must vigorously act.
There is no other route to success”
In our journey for achieving excellence in professional career, meticulous planning and correct decision making, plays the most vital role in transforming our dreams and aspirations into reality. This piece of writing is an effort to give the reader an insight into the world of Pharmaceutical Management and help them to take a rational decision on the basis of facts and evidence, so that they can pursue a successful professional career in the area of Pharmaceutical Management.
Kuntal Pal1, Sampat Kumar Kundu2*, Manas Kumar Mandal3
1Manufacturing Chemist at Paharpur Ousadhalay, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
2Research Scholar at Gurunanak Institute of Pharmaceutical Science & Technology, Sodepur, West Bengal, India.
3Consultant Urologist at AMRI Hospital, Kolkata
Calendula officinalis is a plant that possess many pharmacological actions like Stomach upset, Ulcer, Menstrual Period Problems, Eye Infections, Inflammation, Wound Healing, Anti-Septic etc. most widely it is used as wound healing purposes. If the leaf of that plant can be applied after crunching at the affected area, blood will be clot within a few time. But while this leaf can perform this action, it means it possess some active compound in it. To find out what the actual component it is, first we have to perform the Thin Layer Chromatographic study. In our present study we are going study the TLC profile of that Calendula officinalis leaf.
Vishwanadham Yerragunta*, E.Sathish Reddy, M.Kishore, Hari Om Prakash rao, Ayesha Sadia, Ayesha Saba, Syeda Kausar Fatima
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Prathap Narendar Reddy College of Pharmacy,
Pedda shapur, Shamshabad, Hyderabad, Telangana.
Acridoneis an organic compound containing a carbonyl group attached to the 9 position. It may be synthesized by the self-condensation of N-phenylanthranilic acidAcridone and its derivatives can be synthesized by a number of methods such as Ullmann condensation, by benzyne mechanism, by radical reaction of quinines etc. acridone nucleus due to its variety of pharmacological activities. These pharmacological activities include anticancer, antimicrobial, antiviral, antimalarial and anti-inflammatory activities. This review article literature survey summerizes the synthesis and pharmacological activities of acridone and its derivatives.
Sonali Nanda, Pratyush Kumar Das*
Centre of Biotechnology, Siksha O Anusandhan University,
Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
A rose is a woody perennial plant belonging to the genus Rosa in the family Rosaceae. Known for its sweet smell and beauty, generally is used as a decorative in household and public gardens. Besides being used as a decorative, very few know its use as a medicinal herb. The petals, stems, leaves and roots of a rose plant contain various secondary metabolites and nutrients in the form of vitamins and minerals. Extracts from different parts of rose plant have also been reported to show substantial anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activity. The parts of the plant especially the petals have high antioxidant property that helps in curing many health ailments. In this review the various vital constituents and medicinal properties of different parts of the plant have been highlighted. The information were collected online from various research papers and websites using search engines and assembled in a sequential manner to provide a complete knowledge guide for the readers.