Epidemiologic Articles

ARTS AND SCIENCE OF PATIENT COMPLIANCE

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ABOUT AUTHOR
AK MOHIUDDIN
Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh
Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh

ABSTRACT
The word ‘compliance’ comes from the Latin word complire, meaning to fill up and hence to complete an action, transaction, or process and to fulfil a promise. In the Oxford English Dictionary, the relevant definition is ‘The acting in accordance with, or the yielding to a desire, request, condition, direction, etc.; a consenting to act in conformity with; an acceding to; practical assent”. Compliance with therapy is simply patients understanding of medication, motivation toward having this medication is a prescribed manner with the belief that the prescriber and prescribed medicine will be beneficial for his well-being. Although this is often the case, in a number of situations, the physician and pharmacist have not provided the patient with adequate instructions or have not presented the instructions in such a manner that the patient understands them. Nothing should be taken for granted regarding the patient’s understanding of how to use medication, and appropriate steps must be taken to provide patients with the information and counseling necessary to use their medications as effectively and as safely as possible. 20% to 30% of new prescriptions are never filled at the pharmacy. Medication is not taken as prescribed 50% of the time. For patients prescribed medications for chronic diseases, after six months, the majority take less medication than prescribed or stop the medication altogether. There are both federal and state laws that make using or sharing prescription drugs illegal. If someone take a pill that was prescribed to someone else or give that pill to another person, not only is it against the law, it's extremely dangerous.

A REPORT ON MEDICINAL PLANTS USED IN ETHNO VETERINARY PRACTICES OF VILLAGE PEOPLES IN SATPUDA HILLS IN SHIRPUR TALUKA (DIST-DHULE ,MAHARASHTRA)

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ABOUT AUTHOR
Patil N.B.
Department of Pharmacy, Ahinsa Institute of Pharmacy,
Dondaicha, Maharashtra

ABSTRACT
This study reports the surveyed of medicinal plants used by village peoples of satpuda hills in shirpur taluka in ethno veterinary practices during this study ,information about ethno veterinary plants was obtained from villages peoples of personal meet them and collect the information .the ethno veterinary plants were collected and preserved as herbarium specimens by follows the standard methods.the identification of plants on botany department of R.C.Patel shirpur,Maharashtra.during the survey it was noted that 12 plants were traditionally used by treat various veterinary diseases such as  Inflammation, wound healing, Indigestion , Dysentry, Diarrhoea, Infertility, Afra disease, Infection of uterus, antimicrobial.

The information provided in this study would bring new medicine development of ecofriendly, effective medicines to control veterinary disease in the future prospective.this study may be useful to protect and conserve the endemic flora species of satpuda hills of shirpur taluka (Dist-Dhule,Maharashtra).

A PROSPECTIVE STUDY ON ROLE OF DOCTOR OF PHARMACY IN IMPROVING QUALITY OF LIFE OF HIV PATIENTS BY PATIENT COUNSELLING IN AN ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY WARD OF A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

ABOUT AUTHORS
M. Manasa Rekha*,
Department of Pharmacy Practice,
Annamacharya college of Pharmacy,
Rajampet, Andhra Pradesh,  India.
*manasarekharoyal@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
The study aims to assess the role of clinical pharmacist in Improving the quality of life of HIV patients in an antiretroviral therapy wards of a teritary care teaching hospital

A STUDY ON ROLE OF CLINICAL PHARMACIST IN IDENTIFICATION AND REPORTING OF DRUG INTERACTIONS IN PHYSCIATRIC WARD IN A TERITARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

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ABOUT AUHTORS
M. Manasa Rekha*, T. Mubeena
Department of Pharmacy Practice,
Annamacharya college of Pharmacy,
Rajampet, Andhra Pradesh, India.
* manasarekharoyal@gmail.com

ABSTRACT: 
Clinical pharmacy is defined as that area of pharmacy concerned with the science and practice of rational medication use. The pharmacist, along with the prescriber has a duty to ensure that patients are aware of the risk of side effects and a suitable course of action should they occur. With their detailed knowledge of medicine, pharmacists have the ability to relate unexpected symptoms experienced by patients to possible drug interactions of their drug therapy. The practice in clinical pharmacy also ensures that drug interactions are minimized by avoiding drugs with potential side effects in susceptible patients. Thus, pharmacist has a major role to play in relation to prevention, detection, and reporting drug interactions.

EVALUATION OF DOOR TO NEEDLE TIME AND PREDISPOSING FACTOR TO IT IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL, CHIDAMBARAM

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ABOUT AUTHORS
ALEEM SARWAR*1, ADHIN ANTONY XAVIER1, K RAGACHANDANA1, C K DHANAPAL1, S SUDARSHAN2
Department of Pharmacy1, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India
Department of Medicine2, Rajah Muthiah Medical College, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, India
aleempharma30@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE

The aim of our study is to evaluate the door to needle time for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and to identify factors associated with a prolonged door to needle time. STEMI most commonly occurs when thrombus formation results in complete occlusion of major epicardial coronary vessels. Percutaneous coronary intervention and Thrombolytics are the two choice of treatment available for STEMI. Where door to needle time have a significant role in determining the efficacy of thrombolytics.

METHODOLOGY
This is a prospective observational study conducted at RMMCH hospital, during the period of Nov 2014 to March 2015, all patient admitted with STEMI, who were thrombolysed were included in the study. Door to needle time is measured and reason for prolongation is identified. Patients who were diagnosed as NSTEMI or unstable angina and who were diagnosed as STEMI and not thrombolysed were excluded from the study.

RESULT
100 patients were included in the study. Which comprises of 72 males and 28 females .door to needle time of < 30 minute was achieved in 27% of study population as per ACC/AHA guidelines were 73% failed to achieve. Highest number of population was observed in the age group of 61-70 which consist of 21 males and 6 females. Mean door to needle time was found to be 44 minutes. Majority of the patients were thrombolysed in between 31 – 45 minutes

CONCLUSION
less than a third of patients with STEMI received thrombolytics within the prescribed time interval of 30 minutes. Delay in decision making and lack of senior medical officers was found to be predisposing factor for the prolongation of door to needle time ,which requires special attention.

A SHORT REVIEW ON ZIKA VIRUS PAST, PRESENT STRATAGIES AND FUTURE PROSPECTIVES

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ABOUT AUTHORS
M .Manasa Rekha1*, A. Bharath Kumar1, T.Mubeena1, C. Gopinath2
1Department of Pharmacy Practice,

Annamacharya college of Pharmacy, Rajampet, Andhra Pradesh, India.
2Department of Phytopharmaceuticals and Pharmacognosy,
Annamacharya college of Pharmacy, Rajampet, Andhra Pradesh, India.
manasarekharoyal@gmail.com

Zika virus(ZIKV) is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae and the genus Flavivirus and It is transmitted Aedes mosquitoes like A. aegypti and A. albopictus,which are active at day times[1,2].

A STUDY OF EPIDEMIOLOGY WHICH INVOLVES MONITORING INFORMATION REGARDING EMERGING & REEMERGING COMMUNICABLE DISEASES IN GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Mr. R. Krishnaswamy, Dr.R.Sampathkumar, Mr.N.Venkateswara Murthy, Mr. Anton Vinoth.T
Department of Pharmacy Practice J.K.K.Naatraja College of Pharmacy,
Komarapalayam, Tamilnadu.
*krishnasamy1993@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
To make decisions regarding the control of communicable diseases and to reduce the epidemic situations, this article has been presented in the way of studying about the epidemiology which involves monitoring information regarding emerging & reemerging diseases, its causative agents, treatment etc., This article also relates studying about mode of transmission(through vector (or) through contact) which helps in making decisions regarding its prevention and to prevent its spreading.

Vertigo Management – Mapping prevalence and treatment. Understanding once a day preparation usage and place in therapy.

About Authors:
Indraneel sinha*, Mr. Sanjay sahai, Mr. Sunil jajoo, Mr. Abhijeet bhatkar
Post graduate diploma in pharmaceutical management,
Indian institute of health management research,
jaipur
*indraneel.sinha.999@gmail.com

COMPANY PROFILE
Sun Pharmaceuticals was set up in 1983 and the company started off with only 5 products to cure psychiatric illness.  Sun Pharma is best known worldwide as the manufacture of specialty Active Pharmaceuticals Ingredients (API) and formulations.

However, the company is also concerned with chronic treatments such as cardiology, psychiatry, neurology, gastroenterology, diabetology and   respiratory ailments. Active Pharmaceuticals Ingredients (API) includes peptides, steroids, hormones, and anti?cancer drugs and their quality is internationally approved. Mr. Dilip S. Shanghvi is the Executive Chairman and Managing Director of Sun Pharma and Mr. Kamalesh H. Shah is the secretary.

A REVIEW ON DEVELOPMENT OF ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE AND SURVEY OF PHYSICIANS PRESCRIPTION HABBITS IN MANDSAUR

About Authors:
Vishal Sharma1*, Alankar Shrivastava2
1Department of Pharmaceutics,
2Senior Lecturer Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis
B.R.NAHATA COLLEGE OF PHARMACY
(A SIRO Recognized by DSIR, Ministry of science & Technology, GOI)
MANDSAUR (M.P.) 458001
*vishus2010@gmail.com

Abstract
Antibiotics are chemical substances, either produced naturally by microorganisms or manufactured synthetically, that are lethal to other microorganisms. Antibiotic resistance (AR) describes the ability of a microorganism to be unaffected by (or resistant to) the effects of a particular antibiotic. A problem arises when a animal or person becomes infected with a disease-causing bacterium that harbors antibiotic resistance to the drug that would be the most suitable treatment for that infection.

India is a vast country of immense diversity.and for that the effectiveness of the antimicrobial was not same to all ,and the administration of them will either really cure or may act in opposite manner and will leads to the development os the antimicrobial resistance which is only due to the unaware use of the antibiotics.we had conducted the survey on some prescriptions of registered medicinal practitioner and find that there was an irrational use of antibiotic in our on community and this might be very serious as our survey is on the smallest level and what it may cause globally.So the use of antibiotic should be controlled.

MOBILE PHONE & BRAIN TUMOUR

About Authors:
Ankit Kumar Jhangta,
M.Pharm
Kumaun Univ. Nainital

ABSTRACT
Mobile telecommunication technology became commercially available about 20-30 year ago in different countries around the world commencing with europian countries. Telecommunication Industry has grown by leaps and bound over the last decade. Thus any health hazard from these devices promises  to have large
epidemiological impact as more than half of the population are mobile users.The key aim of this paper is to scientifically and objectively review data suggesting or refuting a relationship between mobile phone usage and brain tumours.