Sharda roy*, vikas chandra roy, dr. R. C. Roy
Address Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Global College of Pharmacy.
Kahnpur Khui. Punjab.
Mitragyna parvifolia is a medium to large size tree belonging to the family Rubiaceae. It is popularly known as Kaim and is found growing gregariously throughout the drier parts of India, Pakistan and Srilanka. The aerial parts, stem-bark and roots of the tree contain various indolic (tetrahydroalstonine, akkuamigine, hirsuteine etc) and oxindolic (mitraphylline, isomitraphylline, pteropodine, isopteropodine etc) alkaloids. Important variations in the nature and quantity of alkaloids present in different parts of the plant are visible with change in geographical locations. In addition, various parts of the tree such as fruit juice, leaves and stem bark have been used in the traditional system of medicine by the natives and tribal since times immemorial. Mitragyna parvifolia has also got diverse medicinal and therapeutic properties such as analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antiarthritic, anthelmentic, antioxidant etc which have been validated scientifically. In this study we have critically reviewed the pharmacognostic and chemical profile, the traditional and the scientifically validated bioactivities of the plant.