Gujarat

SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF SILDINAFIL CITRATE AND DAPOXETINE HYDROCHLORIDE FROM COMBINED PHARMACEUTICAL FORMULATION USING A VALIDATED RAPID RP-HPLC METHOD

About Authors:
Nirav D.Langhneja1*,
Tushar  Vaja1, Dr. Vijay K. Parmar2
1M.Pharm, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
2Associate Professor,
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
Sardar Patel University,

Vallabh Vidyanagar-388120, Gujarat.
*laghnejanirav@gmail.com

INTRODUCTION
Sildenafil citrate 1-[[3-(6,7-Dihydro -1-methyl- 7-oxo-3-propyl -1H-pyrazolo [4,3-d] pyrimidin-5-yl) -4-ethoxyphenyl]sulphonyl]-4-methyl piperazine citrate and it is a popularly known as Viagra .It is a compound of the pyrazolo-pyrimidinyl-methyl piperazine class, and is used to treat male erectile dysfunction (Boolell.M et.al 1996, Morales. A, et.al 1998). It is a selective inhibitor of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)-specific phosphodiesterase type 5  inhibitor. The structural formulae is C22H30N6O4S. It is an ampholyte with pKa value 4 (pirydinium ion) and 8.8 (benzimidazole). Sildenafil citrate is twice as soluble in methanol than in water. Its solubility decreases with pH up to 9 when it starts to increase again. Sildenafil citrate could be determined by several analytical techniques, Densitometry, spectrophotometry, colorimetry, HPLC, GC-MS, MEKC and capillary electrophoresis.

Gujarat Technological University invites Project Officer (IPR / Patents) | Government job

The Gujarat Technological University was established vide Gujarat Act No. 20 of 2007. The main objective of the University apart from other is to develop the knowledge of science, engineering, technology, management and environment for the advancement of quality of life of the mankind in general and in relation to the domain of engineering and technological development and applications.

FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF OCULAR INSERT OF ACYCLOVIR

About Authors:
Mistry G. S*, Patel S. D, Tank H. M
Matushree V. B. Manvar College of Pharmacy
Dumiyani, Rajkot.
*Gaurav_mistry123@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT
Acyclovir is an Anti-viral drug, widely used in the treatment of Ocular herpes simplex. Ophthalmic insert of acyclovir formulated using Methyl cellulose (MC A4CP), polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP K30) and polyvinyl alcohol as polymers and glycerin use as plasticizer by solvent casting method with aim of increasing the contact time, achieving sustained release drug. The prepared ophthalmic insert were evaluated for uniformity of thickness, weight uniformity, drug content, % moisture absorption, % moisture loss, folding endurance and surface pH. In vitro drug release of formulated batches was performed using Modified Franz Diffusion cell. A 32 full factorial design was applied to systematically optimize the ocular insert. FTIR spectroscopy was performed to study the drug interaction effect in formulation using KBr disc method. On the basis of all physicochemical parameters and in vitro drug release studies, and overall Desirability, the formulation (F8) was found to vary significantly depending on the type of polymers used and their combinations and it was selected for sterility, stability, ocular irritancy study. The result of invitro diffusion study of formulation exhibited non-fickian in nature. From stability studies inserts were remained stable both physically and chemically. The formulation was found to be practically nonirritant in ocular irritation studies using hen's egg chorioallantoic membrane.

BIOSENSOR - Micro electrochemical device

About Authors:
Vedant M. Pandya
Department of biotechnology, shree M & N Virani science college,
Rajkot, India-360005
vedantpandya007@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
A biosensor is a device for the detection of an analyte that combines a biological component with physicochemical detector components. An integrated device consisting of a biological recognition element & a transducer capable of detecting the biological reaction & converting it into a signal which can be processed. Ideally, the sensor shod be self-contained, so that it is not necessary to add reagents to the sample matrix to obtain the desired response. There are a number of analytes which are measured in biological media: pH, partial pressure of carbon dioxide, partial pressure of oxygen & the ionic concentration of sodium, potassium, calcium & chloride. Biosensors are typically classified by the type of recognition element or transduction element employed. Sensors might be described as a catalytic biosensor if it is recognition element comprised an enzyme or series of enzymes, a living tissue slice, or whole cells derived from microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, or yeast. The sensor might be described as a bioaffinity sensor if the basis of operation were a biospecific complex formation. Accordingly, the reaction of an antibody with an antigen or hapten, or the reaction of an ageist or antagonist with a receptor, could be employed. In the former case, the sensor might be called an immunosensor. Since, enzyme-based sensor measure the rate of the enzyme-catalyzed reaction as the basis for their response, any physical measurement which yield a quantity related to this rate can be used for detection. The enzyme may be immobilized on the end of an optical fiber, & the spectroscopic properties related to the disappearance of the reactants or appearance of products of the reaction can be measured. Since biochemical reaction can be either endothermic or exothermic. Miniaturized thermistor based calorimeter called thermistos, have been developed & widely applied, especially for bioprocess monitoring.

Walk-In Interview for the post of JRF and SRF in NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

This Institute started as “Occupational Health Research Institute” (OHRI) in the year 1966 and was re-christened as “National Institute of Occupational Health” (NIOH) in 1970 presently located in the Eastern part of Ahmedabad. Two Regional Occupational Health Centers (ROHCs) were started at Bangalore in 1977 and at Kolkata in 1980.

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