DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF MECLIZINE AND FOLIC ACID IN BULK AND PHARMACEUTICAL DOSAGE FORMS

 

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ABOUT AUHTORS
Naveen Kumar G.S* 1, U. Srinivas 2, Hanumanthchar Joshi 3,
1 Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis,
Sarada Vilas College of pharmacy,
Mysuru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Pharmacognosy,
Srinivas College of pharmacy, Mangalore, Karnataka India,
3 Department Pharmacognosy,
Sarada Vilas College of pharmacy, Mysuru, Karnataka India
*premukhoja@gmail.com

ABSTRACT  
An UV spectrophotometric method using simultaneous equation was developed for the simultaneous determination of meclizine and folic acid in a binary mixture. In the proposed method, the signals were measured at 390.0 nm and 237.0 nm corresponding to absorbance maxima of and folic acid in methanol respectively. Linearity range was observed in the concentration range of 2-12 µg/ml for both the drugs. Concentration of each drug was obtained by using the absorptivity values calculated for both drugs at two wavelengths, 390.0 nm and 237.0 nm and solving the simultaneous equation. The method was validated and proposed method was fast, accurate and precise so it can be used for regular quality control of the drug.

REFERENCE ID: PHARMATUTOR-ART-2496

PharmaTutor (Print-ISSN: 2394 - 6679; e-ISSN: 2347 - 7881)

Volume 5, Issue 6

Received On: 17/02/2017; Accepted On: 06/03/2017; Published On: 01/06/2017

How to cite this article: Naveen KGS, Srinivas U, Joshi H;Development and Validation of Spectrophotometric Method for simultaneous estimation of Meclizine and Folic Acid in Bulk and Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms; PharmaTutor; 2017; 5(6);29-34

INTRODUCTION
Meclizine HCl is piperazine 1-[(4-chlorophenyl) phenylmethyl]-4-[(3-methylphenyl) methyl]-dihydrochloride monohydrate is an antiemetic agent used in post-operative vomiting [1, 3]. (Figure 1) a piperazine derivative and antihistamine with anti muscarinic and central sedative properties, mainly used for its antiemetic action and in the prevention and treatment of nausea and vomiting associated with a variety of conditions. Folic acid is chemically 4-(2-amino-4-hydroxypteridin-6-yl) methyl amino benzoyl-l-glutamic acid, part of the vitamin B group (vitamin B9) is a water soluble vitamin (Figure 2). It is one of the most important coenzyme of the haemopoietic systems that control the generation of ferrohaeme[4-5]. Marketed tablet formulations of these agents play an important role in the treatment of persistent nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.

The review of literature reveals that there were analytical methods of two drugs individually in pharmaceutical dosage forms and even in biological samples and few methods reported for either of one drug with combination of another drug. Few analytical methods like RP-HPLC, HPTLC, HPLC, Spectroscopic methods have been reported for the determination of meclizine and its combination with other drugs in pharmaceutical preparations [6-10]. Estimation of folic acid in combination with other drugs by spectrophotometric methods and HPLC has been reported [11-14], but there is no work in the literature reported about the simultaneous determination of meclizine and folic acid in a binary mixture for the analysis of pharmaceutical formulation. Thus there is need to develop a simple rapid and economical method for routine analysis of meclizine and folic acid. The objective of present study was to develop and validate simple, sensitive, accurate, precise, rapid and economical method for estimation of Meclizine and folic acid in bulk and in pharmaceutical formulations.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Instruments
(a) Spectrophotometer- Double beam UV–Visible spectrophotometer with 1 cm matched quartz cell Model UV-2450 Shimadzu.
(b) Electronic Balance- Shimadzu.

Reagents and Chemicals
Meclizine Hydrochloride and folic acid reference standard were kindly provided by Hetero Pharmaceuticals, Hyderabad for providing gift sample of working standard. Methanol of analytical grade was used as a solvent. All chemicals and reagents used were of analytical reagent grade.

Marketed Preparation
The brand name of marketed combined tablet formulation is PNV PLUS containing Meclizine Hydrochloride 25 mg and  Folic acid 2.5 mg manufactured by Yash Pharma. Lab. Pvt. Ltd.

Study of Overlain Spectra and Selection of Wavelength
Solutions of Meclizine Hydrochloride and Folic acid were scanned between 200and 400nm. From the overlay spectra (Figure 3) twowave lengths, 390.0nm and 237.0nm were selectedand absorptivity values E (1%, 1cm) of both the drugsat both wavelengths were determined for formation of simultaneous equation.

Cx = (A2ay1-A1ay2)/ (ax2ay1-ax1ay2)      (1)
Cy = (A1ax2-A2ax1)/ (ax2ay1-ax1ay2)      (2)

Where, A1 and A2 are absorbances of mixture at390nm and 237nm respectively, ax1 and ax2 are
absorptivities of Meclizine Hydrochloride at λ1and λ2 respectively and ay1 and ay2 are absorptivities of Folic acid at λ1and λ2respectively. Cx and Cy are concentrations of Meclizine Hydrochloride and Folic acid respectively.

Preparation of Solutions
Meclizine Hydrochloride Standard Stock Solution
Accurately weighed Meclizine Hydrochloride (10mg) was transferred in100 ml volumetric flask. The drug was dissolve in methanol with sonication and final volume was adjusted with methanol up to mark to prepare a100μg/ml stock solution (Figure 3).

Meclizine Hydrochloride Working Standard Solution
From the above stock solution (100μg/ml), an accurately measured 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0 and 1.2 ml was transfer into separate 10 ml volumetric flask and final volume was adjusted with methanol upto mark to prepare 2-12μg/ml solutions.

Folic acid Standard Stock Solution
Accurately weighed Folic acid (10mg) was transferred in100 ml volumetric flask. The drug was dissolve in methanol with sonication and final volume was adjusted with methanol up to mark to prepare a100μg/ml stock solution.

Folic acid Working Standard Solution
From the above stock solution (100μg/ml), an accurately measured 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0 and 1.2 ml was transfer into separate 10 ml volumetric flask and final volume was adjusted with methanol up to mark to prepare 2-12μg/ml solutions.

Sample Solution
Transfer powder exactly equivalent to laboratory mixture containing 25 mg of Meclizine Hydrochloride and 2.5mg of Folic acid to a 100 ml volumetric flask. Add about 60 ml of methanol and sonicate for 15 minutes solution was filtered through Whatmann No.1 filter paper. The residue was washed with 10ml methanol three times and make up volume with methanol. From this solution take 1ml and dilute up to 50ml with methanol. Again take 1ml and dilute up to 10ml with methanol.

Method Validation
Linearity
The linearity was evaluated by linear regression analysis. The calibration curve was obtained with concentrations of pure Meclizine Hydrochloride and Folic acid solution ranging from 2-12μg/ml and 2-12μg/ml respectively for the chromatographic method.

Precision
The precision of the procedure was determined by repeatability (intraday). Intraday precision was evaluated by assaying same concentration and during the same day. Repeatability of sample measurement was carried out in six different sample preparations from same homogenous blend of sample. Another replicate determination on three different days to estimate inter day precision.

Accuracy
Recovery studies were performed to validate the accuracy of developed method. To a pre analysed sample solution, a definite concentration of standard drug was added and recovery was studied. A80%,100% and 120% of pure drug solutions were added to the pre analyzed samples.

Limit of Detection and Limit of Quantification
The limits of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were calculated based on the standard deviation of the response and the slope by using calibration curves.

Ruggedness
Ruggedness of the method was determined by analysis of aliquots from homogeneous slot by two analyst using same operational and environmental conditions.

Analysis of Laboratory Mixture
The absorbances of solutions were recorded at 390.0nm and 237.0nm against blank. Concentration of each drug was obtained by solving the simultaneous equation. (Table5).

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