Banaras Hindu University

Application are invited for the post of Senior Research Fellow, Research Associate in Banaras Hindu University - 26 posts

Banaras Hindu University ranks among the first few in the country in the field of academic and research output. This university has two campuses, 3 institutes, 16 faculties, 140 departments, 4 advanced centers and 4 interdisciplinary schools. The University is making its mark at the national and international levels in a number of frontier areas of Science, Social Science, Technology, Medicine and Agriculture etc.

A REVIEW PAPER ON PSYCHIATRY DISORDERS & ITS TREATMENT BY AYURVEDIC APPROACH

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Kuntal Pal1, Sampat Kumar Kundu2, Shatabisha Bhattacharjee2, Shounak Roy3
1Institute of Medical Sciences, Rajiv Gandhi South Campus, Banaras Hindu University, Barkaccha, Mirzapur.
2Gurunanak Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences & Technology, Sodepur, West Bengal.
3Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi, Jharkhand
sampatkundu001@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Psychiatric disorders are astonishingly common. In any given year, over 25 percent of adults have one or more diagnosable mental disorders, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. For the most part, psychiatric disorders are highly responsive to treatment. There have many ayurvedic plants/medicine which are effectively use for the psychiatric disorders. Ayurveda, being a stream of treatment, can no way ignore the importance of psychic condition of a patient to effectively diagnosis and treat disorders. Medical science admits that the root cause of multiple disorders lies in psychic tensions. Ayurveda too has a well developed branch of psychiatry, which has clinically proven practices of treating mental ailments and also physical problems associated with psychological imbalances. On a psychological level we naturally try to harmonies these problems but if we are not able to it can lead to a mental disorders. The causes are many but often stem from our own way of looking at things and the inability or unwillingness of our mind to process what is happening. Sometimes we just don’t want to let go of a belief or viewpoint. At other times we might be attached to a result and when something comes to challenge this, as life tends to do, we find our mind under stress in trying to work through the issue. On an unconscious level the mind may know what to do but at a conscious level the mind wants to do something else creating a conflict between the inner and outer, or the personality and the soul. The result often manifests as a Mental Disorder or sickness.

PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF AEGLE MARMELOS: A MINI REVIEW

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Sampat Kumar Kundu1, Shatabisha Bhattacharjee1, *Kuntal Pal2
1 Gurunanak Institute of Pharmaceutical Science & Technology, Sodepur, West Bengal, India
2 Faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences, Rajiv Gandhi South Campus, Banaras Hindu University, Barkachha, Mirzapur
kuntalpal20@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Ayurvedic plants have shown their effects on various kind of diseases. Those properties of the plants are sublimed in some molecules in the plants, which can be extracted out by performing various kind of processes (eg. Soxhlation, Percolation). Many plants which are used by the human being in daily life, also have some effects in curing some disease conditions. Likewise in our current review Aegle marmelos (Beal) have Antidiarrhoeal, Antidiabetic activities etc. Many Pharmacological Activities have been revealed & organized in this review article, but there have a wide scope of research to perform on this plant.

PHARMACOLOGICAL UPDATES OF PISTIA STRATIOTES (WATER LETTUCE/ JALAKUMBHI): A MINI REVIEW

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About Authors:
Kuntal Pal1, Sampat Kumar Kundu2
1Faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences, Rajiv Gandhi South Campus,
Banaras Hindu University, Barkachha, Mirzapur-231001
2Gurunanak Institute of Pharmaceutical Science & Technology
Sodepur, West Bengal.
sampatkundu001@gmail.com

Abstract
World is running so first, at this moment medicines have to work to maintain the health of the people to give them power to stabilize them. Modern medicine is working from a decades or so, but many traditional systems of medicines also show some beneficial effects in that era. Likewise Kampo, Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM), Ayurveda & Herbal Medicines. Those kind of medicines can give a patient resistant to protect the disease without less side effects. Pistia stratiotes is a plant which plays a commendable role in that era. It is used in different kind of disease which are described in this mini review.

RATIONAL OF ANIMALS USE IN DRUG DISCOVERY

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Aruni Kumari, Ajit Kumar Thakur, Vikas Kumar*
Neuropharmacology Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutics,
Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University),
Varanasi-221 005, India
*vikas.phe@iitbhu.ac.in

ABSTRACT
Animals play a pivotal role in science and scientific technology. All the animals used in experiments are treated ethically following legislative rules. Small animal such as mice, turtles, frogs, rats etc. are used which has short span of reproductive cycle. Their population can be multiplied within six months. The use of animals in research is analyzed from the viewpoint of three distinct ethical approaches: contractarianism, utilitarianism and animal rights view. On contractarian point of view, research on animal is ethical to the extent that human as a social party should care about its well being. According to utilitarian point of view, harm caused to the sentient animal during research should be compensated with benefit to human society. From the animal rights view, use of animals in science is not in animal’s best interest. In this review, comprehensive information is provided on contribution of animal research in drug discovery and development.

ANTIANXIETY ACTIVITY OF EMBELIN ISOLATED FROM EMBELIA RIBES

About Authors:
Mukesh Bansal1*, Indrajeet Singhvi2, Santosh Gupta2
1Department of Pharmaceutics, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi, U.P., India.
2Pacific College of Pharmacy, Pacific University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.
*bansalpharma1987@gmail.com

Abstract:
Object:
To investigate the effect of embelin  on anxiety   was studied  by using standard test such as Elevated zero-maze test and Novelty induced suppressed feeding latency test in a dose dependent manner.
Material & methods:
This portion include extraction and isolation of embelin, animals were obtained from the animal house IMS, BHU, Varanasi, India, and methods for anxiety were Elevated zero-maze test and Novelty induced suppressed feeding latency test.
Result & conclusion:
The  anxiolytic  activity was found at 20mg/kg. The observed anxiolytic effect of this compound seems to be regulated through monoaminergic system in the brain and the activity was comparable to diazepam.

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