1*Neeraj Kumar Lohani, 2Vachaspati Mishra, 3Divakar Joshi
1,2Department of Biotechnology, Institute of Biomedical Education and Research, Mangalayatan University, Beswan, Aligarh-Uttar Pradesh, india,
3MBPG College Haldwani Nainital Kumaun University Nainital Uttarakhand.
The interdisciplinary approach with nanotechnology and animal tissue culture technique is going to revolutionize biomedical science in the next fifty years. Nanotechnology along with regulated animal tissue culture, makestissue engineering a realization based on the creation of new tissues in vitro followed by surgical placement in the body or the stimulation of normal repair in situ using bio-artificial constructs or implants of living cells introduced in or near the area of damage at nano level.It makes use of artificially stimulated cell proliferation by using suitable nano-material based scaffolds and growth factors. Nanotechnology can be successfully used to create a tissue or organ that can take the place of one that is terminally diseased, such as an eye, ear, heart, or joint. Implantable prosthetic devices and nano scaffolds are used for growing of artificial organs. The key components of tissue engineering with nanotechnology include: cells, scaffolds, signals and bioreactors. Scaffolds are produced by electro-spinning technique.The scaffold acts as an interim synthetic extra cellular matrix (ECM) that cells interact with prior to forming a new tissue.