JUL 2014 ARTICLE LIST >>
PharmaTutor (July- 2014)
ISSN: 2347 - 7881
Received On: 01/05/2014; Accepted On: 05/05/2014; Published On: 01/07/2014
AUTHORS: *Daya L. Chothani1, N. M. Patel2
1B. K Mody government pharmacy college, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
2Sri B.M. Shah College of Pharmacy, Modasa, Gujarat, India
The aim of present study was to carry out pharmacognostic and physicochemical evaluation of fruits of Gmelina arborea. Fresh fruits and dried powder of the fruits were studied by morphology, microscopy, qualitative chemical test and florescence analysis of powdered drug. Other physicochemical parameters were also performed as per WHO guide lines. The detailed microscopy revealed the presence of stone cells, vascular strand and pitted parenchyma. Physicochemical parameters and florescence analysis were also studied. The preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, proteins, saponins, sterols, phenolic compounds and carbohydrates. The result of these studies could be useful for identification and standardization of Gmelina arborea fruits.
How to cite this article: DL Chothani, NM Patel; Pharmacognostic and Physicochemical Evaluation on Fruits of Gmelina Arborea; PharmaTutor; 2014; 2(7); 162-166
[ABSTRACT WITH CITATION] [VIEW AS HTML]
1.Kirtikar KR, Basu BD. Indian Medicinal Plants. 2nd edn, Dehradun; India, 1975; 2, p.1932-40.
2.Chothani DL, Vaghasiya HU, Patel NM. A review on Gmelina arborea Roxb. (Gambhari) traditional uses, phytochemical constituents, pharmacological activity, marketed formulation. Inventi Rapid: Ethnopharmacology 2011; 2(1), Available at inventi.in.
3.Khare CP. Indian herbal remedies: rational Western therapy, ayurvedic, and other traditional usage, botany. Springer, 2004: 236.
4.Khare CP. Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary, Springer; 2007: 291.
5.Pandey CN. Medicinal plants of Gujarat. Gujarat, India: Gujarat Ecological Education and Research Foundation, 2005:190
6.Asolkar LV, Kakkar KK and Chakre OJ. Second Supplement to Glossary of Indian Medicinal, 1992: 217.
7.Sinha S, Dixit P, Bhargava S, Devasagayam T.P.A and Ghaskadbi S. Bark and Fruit Extracts of Gmelina arborea. Protect Liver Cells from Oxidative Stress. Pharmaceutical Biology 2006; 44 (4) :237-243.
8.Nayak BS, Ellaiah P, Dinda SC. Antibacterial, antioxidant and antidiabetic activities of Gmelina arborea roxb fruit extracts. Int J Green Pharm 2012; 6:224-30.
9.Kumar D, Jyoti G, Kumar S, Renu A, Kumar T, Ankit G. Pharmacognostic evaluation of Cayratia trifolia (Linn.) leaf. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2012; 6-10.
10.Essiett UA, Bala DN and Agbakahi JA. Pharmacognostic Studies of the Leaves and Stem of Diodia scandens Sw in Nigeria. Arch Appl Sci Res 2010; 2 (5): 184-198.
11.Kumar S, Kumar V, Prakash OM. Pharmacognostic study and anti-inflammatory activity of Callistemon lanceolatus leaf. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2011; 1(3): 177-181.
12.Jegede IA, Ibrahim JA and Kunle OF. Phytochemical and pharmacognostic studies of the leaf and stem-bark of Anthocleista vogelii (Planch). Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 2011; 5(26): 6136-6139.
13.WHO. Quality control methods for medicinal plant material. Geneva: WHO; 1992: 22-34.
15.Chothani DL, Patel NM. Preliminary phytochemical screening, pharmacognostic and physicochemical evalution of leaf of Gmelina arborea. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2012; S1333-S1337.