SPERMICIDAL CONDOM AND RISK OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN FEMALE

Pharma Admission

Pharma courses

pharma admission

pharma courses

 

{ DOWNLOAD AS PDF }

ABOUT AUTHOR
Priyatama V. Powar
Pharmaceutics Department
Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Pharmacy,
Akurdi, Pune-44
priyatama.powar@gmail.com

Urinary Tract Infections are common health problems in clinical practice in all age groups both male and female cause by bacteria that affects urinary system. Occurrence and frequency of Urinary Tract Infection is higher in female as compare to male because of mainly following reasons

PharmaTutor (Print-ISSN: 2394 - 6679; e-ISSN: 2347 - 7881)

Volume 6, Issue 2

Received On: 04/11/2017; Accepted On: 16/11/2017; Published On: 01/02/2018

How to cite this article: Powar PV; Spermicidal Condom and Risk of Urinary Tract Infection; PharmaTutor; 2018; 6(2); 6-8; http://dx.doi.org/10.29161/PT.v6.i2.2018.6

• Relatively short, straight anatomy of the ureter.
• Bacteria easily transferred to the opening of the urethra from fecal matter at the anal opening.
• Sexual activity
• Hormonal effect: Menopause in which loss of estrogen loss causes thins the walls of the urinary tract, reduces resistance to bacteria due to reduction in certain immune factors in the vagina.
• Behavioral pattern
• Pregnancy: Urine becomes less acidic , contain high amount of glucose which enhance bacterial growth
• Stagnant urine due to uterus growth
• Contraceptives: Spermicidal foam , spermicidal gel in diaphragms, spermicidal-coated condoms

 

Which are the common symptoms of UTIs?
• Painful burning sensation when urinating and feeling the need to urinate recurrently
• Uneasiness, pressure, or bloating in the lower abdomen
• Pain in the pelvic area
• Cloudy ,bloody, smelly urine
• Fever
• Chills
• Nausea
• Vomiting
• Fatigue

In market condoms are available in diverse sizes, styles, texture, shapes, lubricated ,unlubricated forms. Which are commonly prepared of latex, polyurethane, lambskin. Some condoms used to contain spermicidal agent. Common Spermicidal agents used in condoms are
• Nonoxynol-9
• Octoxynol-9
• Menfegol
• Benzalkoniumchloride

Spermicidal agent Nonoxynol-9 and Urinary Tract Infection risk in women:
The spermicides are those agents which kills sperm is a sort of birth control. Nonoxynol-9 is spermicide and surfactant. Having Molecular formula C33H60O10 and chemical Name: 26-(4-nonylphenoxy)-3,6,9,12,15,18,21,24-octaoxahexacosan-1-ol.
Spermicides are non-hormonal contraceptives which show local action. It is use during intercourse, where they immobilize or inactivate or damage or kill sperms without eliciting systemic effects by this action it gives extra protection from pregnancy. But theses agent can show some allergic reactions which includes temporary itching, redness, and swelling. Nonoxynol-9 has been in use as an over-the-counter (OTC) drug in various forms like creams, gels, , film, sponge, pessary, aerosol foams, jelly ,condom lubricants, cervical caps and diaphragms. The contraceptive failure rates for spermicide range from 29% to 18% .There is a dose-dependent relationship between nonoxynol 9 usage and the development of bacterial vaginosis(Dose :52.5 mg to 150 mg or less). There are many confusion in mind about advantages and disadvantages.

NOW YOU CAN ALSO PUBLISH YOUR ARTICLE ONLINE.

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE/PROJECT AT editor-in-chief@pharmatutor.org

Subscribe to Pharmatutor Alerts by Email

FIND OUT MORE ARTICLES AT OUR DATABASE


 

Pages

FIND MORE ARTICLES