Pharmacognosy Articles

A REVIEW ON ABRUS PRECATORIUS

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Mahaveer Kabra*, Sanjay Bhandari, Natasha Sharma Raman Gupta.
Department of Pharmacology,
Kota College of Pharmacy, Kota. Raj.
*sanskarkabra@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Abrus precatorius
Linn (Fabaceae) Plant found all throughout the plains of India, from Himalaya down to Southern India and Ceylon. It is used medicinally in various country. The roots, leaves and seeds of the plant are used medicinally. Glycyrrhizin, Triterpene glycosides, pinitol and alkaloids such as abrine, hepaphotine, choline and precatorine are the principle chemical constituents of the plants. Traditionally leaves are used as aphrodisiac, tonic, remove biliousness, useful in eye diseases, cures leucoderma, itching, skin diseases and wounds. The root is considered emetic and alexiteric. Internally, the seeds are described as poisonous and useful in affections of the nervous system and externally used in skin diseases, ulcers and affections of the hair. Antifertility, Antithrombin, Aanthelmintic Activity, Antimalarial are some reported activity of Abrus precatorius Linn.

HERBAL TREATMENT AND RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS: AN OVERVIEW

About Authors:
Prabhakar Sharma*1, Prakash Pandey1, Sunil Roshan1, Ashish Garg2, Vikas Pandey3, Anil Pasi4
1Department of Pharmacognosy, GRKIST (Pharmacy), Jabalpur, M.P.
2Department of Pharmaceutics, GRKIST (Pharmacy), Jabalpur, M.P.
3Department of chemistry, RDVV, Jabalpur, M.P.
4College of pharmacy, IPS academy, Indore, M.P.
*mr.pks19@gmail.com, pksmp11@gmail.com

Abstract
Sometimes Herbal medicines are referred as herbalism or natural medicine is the use of herbs for their therapeutic or medicinal value, an herb is a plant or plant part valued for its medicinal, aromatic or savory qualities. Herb plants produce and contain a variety of chemical substances that act upon the body herbalism has a long tradition of use outside of conventional medicine. It is becoming more main stream as improvements in analysis and quality control along with advances in clinical research show the value of herbal medicine in the treating and preventing disease. By definition, ‘traditional’ use of herbal medicines implies substantial historical use, and this is certainly true for many products that are available as ‘traditional herbal medicines’.

REVIEW ON HEPATO-TOXICITY, HEPATOTOXICANTS AND LIVER PROTECTIVE PLANTS

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Mr. Gunjegaonkar shivshankar M., Mr. T.T. shelke
Dept. of Pharmacology, JSPMs Charak College of pharmacy and research,
Wagholi, Pune, Maharashtra
*gunjeshiv@gmail.com

1.  ABSTRACT
The 21st century has a paradigm shift from allopathic medicinal system to homeopathic and Ayurvedic medicinal system as it is been proved that the adverse effects or unwanted effects associated with the modern synthetic medicines are more than the herbal medicines. Worldwide acceptance of herbal medicine is increasing day by day and its beneficial effects are focused by scientific researches. The herbs play important role in management of diverse group of diseases ranging from acute fever to cardiac complications. The current review is taken with interest to gather the scientific information of plant which shows the hepatoprotective activity. Various scientific research reveals that these medicinal plant did not shows any acute toxicity even in high doses. The preliminary phytochemical studies show the presence of important secondary metabolites like flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, rutin and rotenoids. Triterpenoid etc.

A REVIEW ON HERBAL SURFACTANT

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Mahaveer Prasad Kabra*, Sanjay Singh Bhandari, Shakti Singh, Paresh Mohan.
Kota College of Pharmacy, SP-1,
RIICO Industrial Area, Ranpur,
Jhalawar road, Kota, Rajasthan, India – 324009
*sanskarkabra@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Surfactant plays an important role in various drug delivery. To formulate the compounds sparingly soluble in water the surfactants are typically employed to increase solubility. Herbal are materials which have a tendency to preferentially get absorbed at the interface between two phases. The low solubility in biological fluids displayed by about 50% of the drugs still remains the main limitation in oral, parenteral and transdermal administration. Among the strategies to overcome these drawbacks surfactant is the most effective alternative. This article review about the herbal surfactants, their types, limitation, structure and mechanism, and evaluation of herbal surfactant.

SOME OF THE MEDICINAL PLANTS WITH ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY

ABOUT AUTHORS:
*Anyonyya Mallam, surendar Angothu
Department of Pharmacognosy,
Vathsalya College of Pharmacy, Bhongir,
Nalgonda (Dist), Andhra Pradesh –  508116, India
*anyonyya1688@gmail.com

ABSTARCT
Infectious diseases are disorders caused by pathogenic microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa and multicellular parasites. The important cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries is due to pathogenic microorganisms. Symptoms associated with bacterial infections such as headache, nausea, vomiting, fever, cough, cold and organ failures. The therapeutic use of medicinal plant is becoming popular because of their lesser side effects and low resistance in microorganisms.This article describes the antibacterial properties of  Oroxylum indicumVent., Lantana camara, Ruta graveolens, Argyreia  argentea, Mallotus  philippensis [Lam.] Muell. Arg. Var. philippensis, Mahonia manipurensis Takeda, Polyalthia longifoliavar. angustifolia, Prosopis cineraria (Linn.) druce, Bryonopsis laciniosa, Jatropha curcas.

HERBS USED IN ASTHMA TREATMENT- AN OVERVIEW

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Dipal Patel*1, Dr. Kamal Singh Rathore1, Dr. O.P.Mahatma1, Twinkal Patel2
1B.N. Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Udaipur (Rajasthan), 313001
2Shree Sarvajanik College of Pharmacy, Mahesana (Gujarat).
*dipalpatel786@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Asthma is a respiratory disease that affects both adults and children and asthma is today one of the most common chronic childhood ailments. There is no scientifically proven cure for asthma but it can be controlled and regulated. Natural treatments for asthma are meant to complement, or as an addition, to your existing medication but never as a replacement. Before using an herbal asthma remedy keep in mind that medicinal herbs can be as powerful as pharmaceutical drugs and should be treated as such so it is important to seek the support of your health care provider as some natural herbs for asthma treatment may conflict with pharmaceuticals commonly prescribed for asthma.

BUTEA MONOSPERMA A TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL PLANT: - AN OVERVIEW

About Authors:
Sunil Roshan1, Prabhakar Sharma*1, Ramchandra Gupta1, Sudhakar Sharma2
1Department of Pharmacognosy, GRKIST (Pharmacy)
2Takshashila Institute Of Science And Technology
Jabalpur, M.P.
*prabhakar.sharma071026@gmail.com

Abstract
The traditional systems of medicine together with homoeopathy and folklore medicine continue to play a significant role largely in the health care system of the population. Butea monosperma(palas) belonging to the family leguminosae grown wildly in many parts of India. The plant is highly uses by the rural and tribal people in curing various disorders. Flowers are used as drug in many ailments like eye disease, chronic fever, enlargement of spleen, leucorrhoea, epilepsy, leprosy, antifungal activity, anti-inflammatory activity, liver disorders antifertility activity and gout etc. The plant parts are used in the form of extract, juice, infusion, powder and gum. The present paper enumerates various pharmacognostic and pharmacological aspects of the plant. This review also summaries the therapeutic potential of this plant.This is a moderate sized deciduous tree which is widely distributed throughout India, Burma and Ceylon, popularly known as 'dhak' or 'palas', commonly known as ‘flame of forest’. In this review an attempt has been done to highlight the work on Butea monosperma having pharmacological potential.

BEATING CANCER WITH NATURAL PLANT SOURCES

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Mohd. Yaqub khan*, Poonam gupta, Vikaskumar verma, Ashish pathak
Saroj Institute of Technology & Management,
Ahimamau, P.O. Arjunganj, Sultanpur Road, Lucknow-226002,
Uttar Pradesh, India
*khanishaan16@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT
Medicinal plants continue to play a central role in the healthcare system of large proportions of the world’s population. This is particularly true in developing countries, where herbal medicine has a long and uninterrupted history of use. Continuous usage of herbal medicine by a large proportion of the population in the developing countries is largely due to the high cost of Western pharmaceuticals and healthcare. Every year, millions of people are diagnosed with cancer, leading to death in a majority of the cases. Specific part of it is formulated into suitable preparations compressed as tablets or made into pills, used to make infusions, extracts, tinctures, etc., or mixed with excipients to make lotions, ointments, creams, etc. Few herbal drugs are subject to legislative control. The plant based drug discovery resulted mainly in the development of anticancer agents including plants (vincristine, vinblastine, etoposide, paclitaxel, camptothecin, topotecan and irinotecan). Beside this there is numerous agents identified from fruits and vegetables can used in anticancer therapy. The agents include curcumin (turmeric), resveratrol (red grapes, peanuts and berries), genistein (soybean), diallyl sulfide, S-allyl cysteine (allium), allicin (garlic), lycopene (tomato), capsaicin (red chilli), diosgenin, 6-gingerol (ginger), ellagic acid (pomegranate), ursolic acid (apple, pears), silymarin (milk thistle), anethol, catechins, eugenol, indole-3-carbinol, limonene, beta carotene, and dietary fiber. In this review active principle derived from natural products are offering a great opportunity to evaluate not only totally new chemical classes of anticancer agents.

Aegle marmelos: A phytochemical and phytopharmacological review

ABOUT AUTHORS
Junaid Niazi1*, Yogita Bansal2, Narinderpal Kaur3
1 Asst.Prof., Bahra Institute of Pharmacy, Patiala, India
2 Assoc. Prof., Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research, Punjabi University, Patiala, India
3 Asst. Prof., Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technology, Baddi, India

* niazi.junaid@yahoo.co.in

ABSTRACT
Aegle marmelos
Corr., a deciduous aromatic tree has been recognized in traditional medicine for the treatment of different diseases and ailments of humans like dysentery, fever, diabetes, asthma, heart problems, ophthalmia, haemorrhoids urinary problems etc.  The plant has been reported to contain several phytoconstituents belonging to category of coumarins (like marmenol), alkaloids (like aegeline), glycosides, triterpenoids, anthraquinones, sterols and volatile oils. Several modern scientific studies have authenticated its anti diarrhoeal and gastro protective, anti diabetic, antibacterial, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti thyroid, anti histaminic, anti prolifertive and anti fertility activity. Clinical trials of a formulation Diarex (containing A. marmelos has shown positive results patients suffering from diarrhoea and dysentery. This review gives a bird’s eye view mainly on folkloric uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological actions of the plant.

Antimicrobial activity of Cymbopogon Species against Human Pathogens

ABOUT AUTHOR
Rudra Sharan Dwivedi *
Bhopal University,
Working in RMS Regrow, Pune
* rudsd1987@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Cymbopogon
, is a tall perennial grass with 55 species ofgrasses. Lemongrass is the source of Lemongrass oil, natural citral, which is used as a basic raw material for synthesis of β-ionone used for synthesis of a number of useful aromatic compounds and Vitamin-A. In the present study the determined plant parts (5g) of four CymbopogonSps. were ground, extracted with five solvents and filtered after 48hrs. The dry weight of the extracts was obtained by allowing the solvent to evaporate and was used to determine concentration in mg/ml. Microbial susceptibility assays using the agar dilution (Mueller-Hinton Agar) method (%v/v and corresponding mg/mL values) and the Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) were carried out for E.coli, Bacillus sp., Streptococcus sp., Staphylococcus sp.

Pages

FIND MORE ARTICLES