Pharmacognosy Articles

ROLE OF HERBAL DRUGS IN PSYCHOSOMATIC DISORDERS

About Authors:
Miss Tejaswini Sharma 1*, Mr. Govind Bhandari 2
1MAHAKAL INSTITUTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL STUDIES, UJJAIN (M.P.)  456010
2ASSISTANT PROFESSOR,
MAHAKAL INSTITUTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL STUDIES, UJJAIN (M.P.)  456010
*Sharma.tejaswini@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
The psychosomatic disorders are variant in nature and to get rid of this problem, we must understand the basics of its causative factors and their effects on sole body.
Now being herbal drugs are comparatively less toxic and has negligible side effects the use of these drugs on such type of disorders are quite encouraging. So here is the brief study on seldom diseases and their causative factors, and treatment part by herbs accordingly discoursed.

EXTRACTION, ESTIMATION AND THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY OF FEW PLANT METABOLITES: A REVIEW

ABOUT AUTHOR:
Dr. Amit Gangwal,
Associate Professor,
Smriti college of pharmaceutical education, Indore
gangwal.amit@gmail.com

INTRODUCTION
Plant remains to be the enviable source of molecules of therapeutic significance. Since antiquity, these bio resources have been in use for variety of diseases in different part of the world. Regardless of the type of plant, targeted ailment or other such parameters, the one step which is one of the most important and common is removal of the molecule or fraction or part there of from the plant biomass. Several new methods besides the usual organic solvent extraction have been developed over the last few years for the extraction of primary and secondary metabolites. These are alcohol extraction with various biocompatible solvents, recovery of carboxylic acids and antibiotics with reactive extraction, dissociation extraction, aqueous two-phase extraction, and supercritical and near critical fluid extraction. Extraction and re-extraction processes are integrated into a single step by emulsion liquid membrane and solid supported liquid membrane extractions.

Recent Development in Phytochemical and Pharmacological Investigations of a Devine Medicinal Plant Couroupita guianensis (Anantasajja) – A Review

About Authors:
Prashanta kr. Deb1*, Tejendra Bhakta2
1Dept. of Pharmacy, Tripura University; Suryamaninagar –799022, Agartala, Tripura (w).
2Regional Institute of Pharmaceutical Science & Technology, Abhoynagar – 799005, Agartala, Tripura (w).
*shaandeb2010@gmail.com

INTRODUCTION
Couroupita guianensis, whose common names include Anantasajja and the Cannonball Tree, is an evergreen tree allied to the Brazil Nut (Bertholletia excelsa), and is native to tropical northern South America and to the southern Caribbean. In India it has been growing for the past two or three thousand years at least, as attested by textual records hence it is possible that it is native to India also.

HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY A REVIEW

About Author:
SOWJANYA GUDUGUNTLA,
M.Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Chemistry department
ANNAMACHRYA COLLEGE OF PHARMACY,
RAJAMPET, KADAPA Dist, A.P, INDIA.

Sowjanya09.pharma@gmail.com

1. INTRODUCTION:
The Greek word for liver is hepar, so medicinal terms related to liver often start with hepato or hepatic. Liver plays a pivotal role in metabolism, secretion and storage and is sometimes referred as the “ great chemical factory” of the  body, because the body depends on the liver to regulate, synthesize, store and secrete many important proteins, nutrients, chemicals and to purify and clear toxins or unnecessary  substances  from the body1 . The bile secreted by the liver, among other things, plays an important role in digestion. The risk of the liver intoxication has recently increased by the higher exposure to environmental toxins, pesticides and frequent use of chemotherapeutics.

EVALUATION OF ANTI HYPERLIPIDEMIC ACTIVITY OF GMELINA ARBOREA ON CHOLESTEROL INDUCED HYPELIPIDEMIC RAT MODEL

About Auhtor:
Avula Parthasarthi Yadav*,
Krishna Theja Pharmacy College,
Jawaharlal Nehru University, Anantapur.
*parthu298@gmail.com

1. Introduction
Currently natural products are gaining popularity to combat various physiological threats including oxidative stress, cardiovascular complexities, cancer insurgence, and immune dysfunction. The use of traditional remedies may be encountered more frequently due to an array of scientific evidence in their favor1.  It has been well established that nutrition plays an important role in the etiology of hyperlipidimia, atherosclerosis and other coronary heart disease (CHD) complications like myocardial infarction1.
The etiology and pathogencity of coronary heart diseases lie in the casual relationship between the development of atherosclerosis, elevated plasma lipid percentage cholesterol levels in blood and plasma, genetic makeup, endicrinological aberration, immunologic and autonomic factors, blood flow and coagulation2.

DIFFERENT PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS “ABUTILON”

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Girendra Kumar Gautam*1, Chandra Shekhar Singh2, S C Dwivedi3 and G Vidyasagar4
1,3,4 Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur, Rajsthan, India
1 Malhotra College Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
2 Shambhunath Insitute of Pharmacy, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
*gk100781@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
From last two or three decay, there is a large growth in the sector of plant medicine means herbal medicine. It is due to increase of awareness and knowledge about plant. In India and China, the ratio of this growth is more than any other country of the world.  Interest the usage of various medicinal plants from traditional system of medicine for the treatment of different ailments is also history of India and China. Abutilon is an Indian medicinal genus which has a number of herbs specie,is noted for their medicinal benefits in traditional system of medicine. Abutilonis a large genus of approximately 150 species of broadleaf evergreens in the mallow family, Malvaceae. The genus includes annuals, perennials, shrubs, and small trees from 1–10 m tall, and is found in the tropical and subtropical regions of all continents. Some medicinally important attributes have been assigned to the plants of this species. In sort of this, the present work aim is to find out different pharmacological activity done on this Indian medicinal plant.

THE ROLE OF NEW GENERATION PHYTO HORMONES: AN OVERVIEW

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Lohithasu Duppala*, Santhosh naidu Matsa, Manikumar Kothakota,

GITAM Institute of Pharmacy, GITAM University, visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India-530045.

lohithasu@gmail.com, +91-9491894432

ABSTRACT:
Generally, almost all communication in higher plants was thought to be mediated by the five classes of classical plant hormones  i.e. auxins, cytokinins,  gibberellins, abscisic acid and ethylene. The plant hormone action thus appeared to be basically different from that in animals. This article discusses the general role for new generation of plant hormones includes Brassinosteriods, Salicylic acid. Peptides,Polyaminesand Jasmonates.

Garlic (Allium sativum) : Potential Clinical Benefits & Garlic Preparations

About Authors:
Sharma Monish*, Kumar Bhupender
Seth G.L Bihani S. D. College of Technical Education,
Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences & Drug Research.
Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan (INDIA)

*monish28sharma@gmail.com

Introduction :
The name “Allium sativum” is derived from the Celtic word “all”, meaning burning or stinging, and the Latin “sativum” meaning planted or cultivated. The English word, garlic, is derived from the Anglo-Saxon “gar-leac” or spear plant, referring to its flowering stalk.(Kemper J Kathi.2000)
Garlic (Allium sativum), a member of the Liliaceae family, is a common food for flavour and spice  and it is one of the herbs most commonly used in modernfolkloric medicine. Garlic was an important medicine to theancient Egyptians as listed in the medical text Codex Ebers(ca.1550 BC) especially for the working class involved in heavy labour because it was an effective remedy for many aliments such as heart problems, headache, bites, worms and tumours. In 1858, Pasteur noted garlic’s antibacterial activity, and it was used as an antiseptic to prevent gangrene during World War I and World War II. (Thomson Martha.et.al.2007, Tattelman Ellen.2005)

GREEN BLOOD THERAPY

About Author:
Ravi Kant
B.Pharm
Maharshi arvind institute of pharmacy, jaipur
rvkantyadav00@gmail.com

1. Introduction:-
Wheat grass consists of carbohydrates, proteins, all essential minerals and vitamins. As wheat grass juice bears a closer resemblance to the " haemogolobin " in our blood, the juice is often called as " green blood" and the therapy using it is called as " green blood therapy" wheat grass juice is complete food. Wheatgrass (baby wheat) juice is an extremely natural food. Since Dr. Anne Wigmore rediscovered the nutritional qualities of wheatgrass juice in 1960, the juice has helped hundreds of thousands of people around the world to overcome serious health problems.

However wheatgrass juice is not a panacea. If you continue to consume processed foods, drugs, alcohol, tobacco, burned foods and other toxic substances that can make you ill, a few milliliters of wheatgrass juice each day won't make much difference. Instead, try consuming a predominately (or entirely) raw food diet with organic wheatgrass juice. You will most likely experience a world of improvement.

ANTIPYRETIC ACTIVITY OF SEED EXTRACTS OF Gynocardia Odorata roxb. IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS

About Authors:
Urmila moyal*, Ram garg
NIMS Institute of Pharmacy, NIMS University,
Shobha Nagar, Jaipur (Rajasthan)
*urmilamoyal@gmail.com

Abstract:
The study was designed to evaluate antidiabetic activity of ethanolic and aqueous seed extracts of Gynocardia  Odorata  in

  • Brewer’s yeast induced pyrexia in rats.
  • TAB vaccine-induced pyrexia in rabbits.

The seeds were collected, authenticated and shade dried. Shade dried seeds were then grinded into coarse powder and processed for further studies. Ethanolic and aqueous extracts were prepared and the phytochemical screening was performed. Ethanolic and aqueous both extracts were evaluated for the antipyretic activity by Brewer’s yeast induced pyrexia in rats and TAB vaccine-induced pyrexia in rabbits. Both the extracts showed the significant antipyretic activity but the maximum antipyretic activity by aqueous extract of Gynocardia odorata roxb.seeds. From study we concluded that both ethanolic and aqueous, seed extracts of Gynocardia odorata  have antipyretic activity, but the aqueous extract of Gynocardia odorata showed more significance then ethanolic extract.

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