MEDICINAL EFFICACY OF ROSE PLANT: A MINI REVIEW

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Sonali Nanda, Pratyush Kumar Das*
Centre of Biotechnology, Siksha O Anusandhan University,
Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
*das.pratyushkumar@yahoo.co.in

ABSTRACT
A rose is a woody perennial plant belonging to the genus Rosa in the family Rosaceae. Known for its sweet smell and beauty, generally is used as a decorative in household and public gardens. Besides being used as a decorative, very few know its use as a medicinal herb. The petals, stems, leaves and roots of a rose plant contain various secondary metabolites and nutrients in the form of vitamins and minerals. Extracts from different parts of rose plant have also been reported to show substantial anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activity. The parts of the plant especially the petals have high antioxidant property that helps in curing many health ailments. In this review the various vital constituents and medicinal properties of different parts of the plant have been highlighted. The information were collected online from various research papers and websites using search engines and assembled in a sequential manner to provide a complete knowledge guide for the readers.

REFERENCE ID: PHARMATUTOR-ART-2363

PharmaTutor (Print-ISSN: 2394 - 6679; e-ISSN: 2347 - 7881)

Volume 3, Issue 10

Received On: 20/05/2015; Accepted On: 01/06/2015; Published On: 01/10/2015

How to cite this article: S Nanda, PK Das; Medicinal Efficacy of Rose Plant: A Mini Review; PharmaTutor; 2015; 3(10); 23-26

INTRODUCTION
A rose is a woody perennial plant of the genus Rosa within the family Rosaceae. The leaves of the plant are alternate to each other on the stem. Best known for its ornamental values, most of the rose plants are deciduous except a few from the south east asia that are evergreen. The aggregate fruit of the rose is a pot-like structure containing the seeds in it called the rose hip. Each hip consists of an outer fleshy layer called hypanthium which contains few to large number of seeds embedded in a matrix of fine but stiff hairs. The sharp objects along the stem of a rose plant are outgrowths of the epidermis called as prickles.


Fig.1: Rose Plantations at Centre of Excellence on Horticulture, Directorate of Horticulture, Deras, Odisha, India.

Classification of Rose:
1.
Botanical Classification of Rose: The Genus Rosa is subdivide into 4 subgenera –
a.
Hulthemia-Includes R.persicaand R.berberifolia. These are the only two roses that have compound leaves.
b.
Hesperrhodos-Includes R.minutifoliaand R.stellata.
c.
Platyrhodon-Includes R.roxburghii.
d.
Rosa- This subgenera includes 11 sub sections – R.banksianae, R.bracteatae, R.caninae, R.carolinae, R.chinensis, R.gallicanae, R.gymnocarpae, R.laevigatae, R.pimpinellifoliae, R.rosaand R.synstylae[1].

2. Classification of Rose based on size: In general, depending on their size, there are nine different classes or groups of roses- Micro-miniatures, Miniatures, Mini-Floras, Floribundas, Grandifloras, Hybrid Teas, Climbers, Shrubs and Old Garden Roses[2].
a.
Micro-miniature Roses: They are the smallest of roses and can only grow to a height of 12-14 inches and are just the size of a dime when completely bloomed. Example of such type of rose is “Cindrella”.
b.
Miniature Roses: They are little bigger than micro-miniature rose plants, can grow to a height of 2-3 feet and its blooms are 1-2 inches across. Example of a miniature rose is “Sun Sprinkle”.
c.
Mini-Flora Rose: Got its name because of its bigger size than miniature but smaller than Floribunda. Plants can reach upto a height of 3-4 feet and blooms can be 3-4 inches across.
d.
Flloribunda Rose: Typically grows to a height of 4-5 feet. Consists of huge clusters of flowers such that each cluster can make a bouquet.
e.
Grandiflora Rose: The plant can reach up to 6 feet in height. Has long stems with 3-4 blooms per stems. Have bigger flower than floribunda but are fewer in number. “Dream Come True” and “Sweetness” are the examples of Grandiflora.
f.
Hybrid Tea Rose: Plants can reach to a height beyond 6 feet and blooms can be 6 inches across. They consist of a long stem with one huge flower at the end. Example of hybrid rose is “Red Intuition”.
g.
Climbers: They generally grow on a support or wall of a building and can reach 12-15 feet. Some of them even cover an area of 8,000 sq. feet. “Lady Banks” is a climber.
h.
Shrubs: This ranges in size from ground covers to shrubs. Can have a wide range of bloom size. Example- “Double Pink Knockout”.
i.
Old Garden Roses:Sometimes called “antique roses”, can have a wide range of growth habit and bloom size and are highly fragrant. They usually bloom only in the spring or early summer. “Paul Neyron” is an example.

Fig.2: Rose with a larger bloom size


Fig.3: Rose with smaller bloom size


Fig.4: A rose with Prickles on its stems and leaves


Fig-5: A partially bloomed rose bud with the Rose hip just below.

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