Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College

A REVIEW OF ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR DETERMINATION OF PRAVASTATIN IN PHARMACEUTICAL DOSAGE FORMS AND BIOLOGICAL FLUIDS

{ DOWNLOAD AS PDF }

ABOUT AUTHORS
Grishma Trivedi*, Hasumati Raj
Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College,
Kim, Gujarat
*trivedigrishma18@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Pravastatin is an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor which is used as a hypolipidemic agent to reduce cholesterol level. Chemically, 9-Fluoro-11β,17-dihydroxy-16α-methyl-3,20-dioxopregna-1,4-dien-21-yl disodium phosphate. Pravastatin is a drug of choice for the cardiovascular disease. It reduces the coronary and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality in middle aged individual. Elevated plasma concentration of C-reactive protein are associated with protein increased cardiovascular disease, long term therapy with pravastatin an agent that reduces cardiovascular risk, might alter levels of this inflammatory parameter. This review consist of various analytical methods for the determination of pravastatin in various marketed pharmaceutical formulation of biological fluid. Analytical methods consist of various chromatographic methods, spectrophotometer methods and electrical methods reported for determination of pravastatin.

A REVIEW OF ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR DETERMINATION BROMHEXINE HYDROCHLORIDE IN PHARMACEUTICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SAMPLES

{ DOWNLOAD AS PDF }

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Meera V. Lad1*, Vineet Jain2, Hasumati Raj1
1Department of Quality Assurance,
2Department of Pharmacognosy,
Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College, Kim, Gujarat
meeralad235@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Bromhexine HCl (BRH)is a mucolytic agent used in the treatment of respiratory disorders associated with viscid or excessive mucus, chemically named 2-amino-3,5-dibromo-N-cyclohexyl-N-methyl benzenemethanamine hydrochloride. According to IUPAC it is 2,4-dibromo-6-[[cyclohexyl(methyl)amino]methyl] aniline hydrochloride. Because of its physiological importance, the drug has been quantified by exploiting its chemical  and physical properties. Bromhexine is a weak base and its precipitate out at pH value above 6. Bromhexine is a synthetic benzyl amine derivative ofvasicine. The different analytical methods used to quantify the drug as a single active pharmaceutical ingredient include flow injection analysis with ionselectiveelectrodes, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, electrokinetic chromatography, electrochemical oxidation at the glassy carbon electrode, liquid chromatography, liquid gas chromatography, GC with mass detection, and voltammetry. The drug has also been quantified in its combined formulations using HPLC, direct and derivative UV spectrophotometry.

A REVIEW: ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR DETERMINATION OF CILNIDIPINE IN BIOLOGICAL FLUID AND PHARMACEUTICAL DOSAGE FORMS

{ DOWNLOAD AS PDF }

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Farhana V. Buchiya*, Vineet Jain, Hasumati Raj
Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College,
Kim, Surat, Gujarat
buchiyafarhana22@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Cilnidipine is act as a  dual blocker by blocking L- type of calcium channel  present in vascular smooth muscles and  N- type of calcium channel  present in sympathetic nerve  terminal that supply  blood  vessels. Cilnidipine used in treatment of mostly in hypertension and various cardiovascular diseases except in Angina. Cilnidipine used alone or in combination. This review covers most recent analytical methods such as various spectroscopic methods, chromatographic methods and other methods for determination of cilnidipine in various pharmaceutical dosage forms and biological matrix were reported.

A REVIEW ON PHARMACOLOGY OF COMBINED EDARAVONE AND ARGATROBAN THERAPY IN ACUTE ISCHEMIC STROKE

{ DOWNLOAD AS PDF }

ABOUT AUTHORS
Patel  Divya A*., Varodiya Priyanka S., Raj Hasumati A.
Department of Quality Assurance, Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College,
Kim, Surat, Gujarat, India
divyapatel388@gmail.com, drharaj@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT
This review article presents the pharmacology of combined edaravone and argatroban therapy especially in acute ischemic stroke. Edaravone (MCI-186) is a free radical scavenger, a novel neuroprotective agent. Argatroban  is a selective thrombin inhibitor.The antithrombotic agent was used in acute cerebral infarction. If the antithrombotic agent is administered in large quantities, the condition of patient become worse by occurrence of adeverse effect of cerebral haeorrhage. The use of edaravone in combination with antithrombotic agent has been proved to provide beneficial effect in acute ischemic stroke as edaravone has no influence to coagulation of blood and platelets aggregation. The combination therapy has fewer hemorrhagic  adeverse  effect. The mechanism of argatroban and edaravone is quite different. Argatroban, an anti-coagulant drug, directly improves the microcirculation of ischemic brain tissue while edaravone could indirectly attenuated brain edema by protection of endothelial cells damaged by free radicals generated after ischemic insult. The combination of both would have reciprocal and enhanced neuroprotective effects against ischemic insult. Both the drugs were approved by Japanese government and has been used in acute brain infarction in japan. The main objective of this review article is to provide pharmacological information of combined therapy of edaravone and argatroban to researcher in development of combined dosage form of this.

A REVIEW: DETERMINATION OF ITOPRIDE HYDROCHLORIDE IN BIOLOGICAL FLUID AND PHARMACEUTICAL DOSAGE FORMS

{ DOWNLOAD AS PDF }

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Asif I Bhim*, Vineet Jain, Hasumati Raj
Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College,
Kim, Gujarat, India
bhimiqbal23@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Itopride Hydrochloride is a novel, synthesized, gastro prokinetic drug, which stimulates gastrointestinal motor activity through the synergistic effects of dopamine D2-receptor blockade and acetylcholine esterase inhibitors. Chemically, it is N-[[4-[2-(Dimethyl amino) ethoxy] phenyl] methyl]-3, 4-dimethoxy benzamide hydrochloride. Benzamide structure, amide and ether linkages in the drug molecule make it susceptible to degradation. Thus a prokinetic drug like Itopride Hydrochloride by virtue of its efficacy and tolerability could be considered as a drug of first choice and a welcome addition to the drug armamentarium for the symptomatic treatment of NUD (non-ulcer Dyspepsia) and other gastric motility disorders including functional bowel disorders. This review consists of various analytical methods for determination of Itopride Hydrochloride in various marketed pharmaceutical preparation and in biological fluids. Analytical method consists of various spectroscopic methods, chromatographic methods and other methods.

EDARAVONE: A REVIEW ON ANALYTICAL METHOD AND ITS DETERMINATION IN BIOLOGICAL MATRIX AND SYNTHETIC MIXTURE

{ DOWNLOAD AS PDF }

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Patel Divya .A.1*, Raj.Hasumati1, Patel Roshni2
1Department of Quality Assurance, Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College, Kim, Surat, Gujarat
2Piooner College of pharmacy, Baroda, Gujarat
*divyapatel388@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Edaravone is a potent free radical scavenger (antioxidant) mainly use in the form of injection. It is used in the treatment of various cardiovascular diseases like acute ischemic stroke as well as in gastrointestinal injuries. This review article represent the various analytical methods which has been reported for estimation of edaravone in biological matrix as well as in synthetic mixture.The spectrophotometric techniques like fluorescent assay and ratio derivative spectroscopy; Chromatogrraphic methods like HPLC, HPTLC and RP HPLC were reported.

UPDATED REVIEW: VALIDATION AND METHOD VALIDATION PARAMETERS

{ DOWNLOAD AS PDF }

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Paras Virani1, 2*, Parul Jain3, Hasumati Raj2, Vineet Jain2
1Research Scholar 2014, Gujrat Technological University, Gujarat
2Department of Quality assurance, Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College, Kim, Surat, Gujarat
3Department of Quality assurance, Maliba Pharmacy College, Bardoli, Surat, Gujarat
parasvirani@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Validation is an act of proving that any procedure, process, equipment, material, activity  or system performs as expected under given set of conditions and also give the required accuracy, precision, sensitivity, ruggedness. Validation parameter is used for establishing documented evidence which proves that performance characteristics of the method meet the requirements for the intended analytical applications. The goal of validation is to demonstrate that analytical results produced by the application of a particular method are fit for an intended purpose. In this review article we discussed about the validation and its important parameter.

SYNTHESIS AND ANTICANCER ACTIVITY OF FLAVONE DERIVATIVES AGAINST ESTROGEN DEPENDENT CANCERS BY RATIONAL APPROCH

{ DOWNLOAD AS PDF }

About Authors:
Vanraj Thakor1*, Jalpa Kher2, Fenil Bhayani1, Bhavini Atodaria1, Malleshappa Noolvi1
1Shree Dhanvantary college of pharmacy, Kim, Surat, Gujarat, India.
2Ashok & Rita Patel institute of Biotechnology, New Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, India
vanraj7777@gmail.com, jkher3333@gmail.com

Abstract
Aromatase and 17-ßHSD inhibitors are main target of pharmacological interest for the treatment of estrogen dependent cancers. Chalcones, Coumarins, Flavones, Isoflavones have been reported for such inhibition and are used for treatment of brest tumors. So in this topic, Flavone derivatives containing Imidathiadiazole, Thiadiazole, Triazole and benzimidazole hetrocycles synthesised by using simple laboratory reagents like 2-Hydroxy Acetophenone and 4-Hydroxy Benzaldehyde to convert chalcone leads to formation of Flavones by cyclazation using Microwave and followed by attachment of different hetrocycles to form Flavone derivatives and charactrarized by IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectroscopy and elemantal analysis. These Flavone derivatives found to exhibit moderate to high inhibitory activity against Estrogen dependent cancers.

A STUDY ON ANTIULCER ACTIVITY OF ACACIA LEAUCOPHLOEA BARK EXTRACT IN PYLORUS LIGATED RATS

About Authors:
Kapil Patel, Supriya Hazra Das
Department of Pharmacology
Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College,
Kim, Surat – 394118,
Gujarat, India

Abstract:  
Peptic ulcer is a condition where benign lesions of gastric or duodenal mucosa occur at a site where the mucosal epithelium is exposed to acid and pepsin, due to imbalance between offensive and defensive factors. Acacia leucophloea, a deciduous tree found throughout India is reported to be used in gastric ulcer in traditional medicine. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the anti-ulcer properties of Acacia leucophloea in pylorus ligation ulcer model in rats. Acacia leucophloea was administered for 7 days and on 8th day 30 min prior to the induction of ulcers. Pretreatment with Acacia leaucophloea showed significant ulcer protection against pylorus ligation ulcer model as compared to control. Thus, the ulcer protective and healing effects of Acacia leucophloea may be due to its effect on both offensive and defensive factors. The present findings suggest that Acacia leucophloea has antiulcer properties.

Pages