ABSORBANCE CORRECTION METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF AMLODIPINE BESYLATE AND SIMVASTATIN IN SYNTHETIC MIXTURE

 

 

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ABOUT AUTHROS:
Vandana M Patel*, Hasumati A Raj, Vineet C Jain
*Shree Dhanvantary College of Pharmacy,
Kim, Surat, Gujarat, India.
vandanapatel@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
A simple, accurate and precise spectroscopic method was developed for simultaneous estimation of Amlodipine besylate and Simvastatin in synthetic mixture using Absorbance correction  method. At  360.80  nm (λmax of Amlodipine besylate) Simvastatin has zero absorbance so Amlodipine besylate is directly estimate at 360.80 nm. At 237.60 nm (λmax of Simvastatin) both drugs have some absorbance so Simvastatin is estimate at 237.60 nm using absorbance correction method. The method was found to be linear (r2>0.999) in the range of 5-10 μg/ml for Amlodipine besylate at 360.80 nm. The linear correlation was obtained (r2>0.999) in the range of 5-10 μg/ml for Simvastatin at 237.60 nm. The limit of determination was 0.17 μg/ml and 0.10μg/ml for Amlodipine besylate and Simvastatin, respectively. The limit of quantification was 0. 54μg/ml and 0. 32μg/ml for Amlodipine besylate  and Simvastatin, respectively. The accuracy of these method were evaluated by recovery studies and good recovery result were obtained greater than 99%. The method was successfully applied for simultaneous determination of Amlodipine besylate and Simvastatin in binary mixture.

REFERENCE ID: PHARMATUTOR-ART-2339

PharmaTutor (Print-ISSN: 2394 - 6679; e-ISSN: 2347 - 7881)

Volume 3, Issue 6

Received On: 05/03/2015; Accepted On: 19/03/2015; Published On: 01/06/2015

How to cite this article: VM Patel, H Raj, VC Jain; Absorbance correction method for simultaneous estimation of Amlodipine besylate and Simvastatin in synthetic mixture; PharmaTutor; 2015; 3(6); 35-40

INTRODUCTION
Hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure, is a very common disorder.Blood pressure is summarised by    two measurements, systolic and diastolic, which depend on whether the heart muscle is contracting (systole) or relaxed between beats (diastole). Both the drug used forcholesterol induced hypertension disease.[1]

Amlodipine besylate and Simvastatin combination was approved on 28 feb, 2008[8]

A. Amlodipine besylate[2-4]

Figure 1 : Chemical Structure of Amlodipine besylate

Amlodipine besylate is long-acting dihydropyridine-type (DHP) calciumchannel blocker used to lower blood pressure and to treat anginalchestpain.IUPAC name of Amlodipine besylate is 3-ethyl 5-methyl(4RS)-2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-6-methyl -1, 4-dihydropyridine -3, 5-dicarboxylate benzene sulphonate. Amlodipine besylate acts primarily on vascular smooth muscle cells by stabilizing voltage-gated L-type calcium channels in their inactive conformation. By inhibiting the influx of calcium in smooth muscle cells, amlodipine prevents calcium-dependent myocyte contraction and vasoconstriction.

B. Simvastatin[5-7]

Figure 2: Chemical structure of Simvastatin

Simvastatin is HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor(3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coA Reductase Inhibitor).Simvastatin is used along with a proper diet to help lower "bad"cholesterol and fats (such as LDL, triglycerides) and raise "good" cholesterol (HDL) in the blood.

Simvastatin used In Hyperlipidaemia Inhibitor of HMG – CoA Reductase Enzyme, HMG-CoA reductase catalyzes the conversion HMG to mevalonate, which is the rate determining step in the biosynthesis of cholesterol, thus inhibition leads to a reduction in the concentration of cholesterol in the liver.

Amlodipine serves as an anti-hypertensive medicine and also increases the lipid-lowering activity of simvastatin through synergistic activity with the lipid-lowering agent. Simvastatin serves as a lipid-lowering agent and also has an activity of decreasing blood pressure through a synergistic effect with amlodipine.[8]

 Materials and Methodology:[9]
- Amlodipine besylate and Simvastatin were obtained as gift samples from Prudence pharmachem, Ankleshwar. and  Praveen Laboratories, Surat. Synthetic Mixture contains 10mg of Amlodipine besylate and 10mg of Simvastatin.
- A double beam UV/Visible spectrophotometer (Shimadzu model 2450, Japan) with spectral width of 2 nm, 1 cm quartz cells was used to measure absorbance of all the solutions.
- Spectra were automatically obtained by UV-Probe system software.
- An analytical balance (Sartorius CD2250, Gottingen, Germany) was used for weighing the samples.
- Sonicator(D120/2H, TRANS-O-SONIC)
- Class ‘A’ volumetric glassware were used (Borosillicte)

Materials and reagents
* Preparation of stock solution of AML
Accurately weighed quantity of Amlodipine besylate 10 mg was transferred to 100 ml volumetric flask, dissolved and diluted up to mark with methanol to give a stock solution having strength of 100μg/ml.

* Preparation of stock solution of SIM
Accurately weighed quantity of Simvastatin 10mg was transferred to 100 ml volumetric flask, dissolved and  diluted up to mark with methanol to give a stock solution having strength of 100μg/ml.

* Preparation of Standard Mixture Solution (AML + SIM):
1ml of standard stock solution of AML (100μg/ml) and 1ml of standard stock solution of SIM(100μg/ml) were pipetted out into two 10ml volumetric flasks and volume was adjusted to the mark with methanol to get 10μg/ml of AML and 10μg/ml of SIM.

* Preparation of test solution:
The preparation of synthetic mixture was as per patent:

  • Amlodipine besylate: 10 mg
  • Simvastatin: 10 mg
  • Sodium Starch glycolate: 20 mg
  • Starch : 20 mg
  • Talc : 40 mg
  • All the excipients were mixed in 100ml volumetric flask. make up the volume with Methanol up to 25 ml. and sonicated for 15min .The solution was filtered through Whatman filter paper. and make up the volume up to 100 ml with methanol.Finally the solution had concentration 100μg/ml for Amlodipine besylate and 100μg/ml for Simvastatin.

RESULTAND DISCUSSION
S
ELECTION OFWAVELENGTHAND METHOD DEVELOPMENT FORDETERMINATION OFAMLODIPINE BESYATE AND SIMVASTATIN
The standard solution of AML and SIM were scanned separately between 200-400nm, and zero-order spectra were not showed overlapping peaks.


· From spectra at 360.80 nm (λmax of Amlodipine besylate) Simvastatin has zero absorbance so Amlodipine besylate is directly estimate at 360.80 nm.
· At 237.60 nm (λmax of Simvastatin) both drugs have some absorbance so Simvastatin is estimate at 237.60 nm using absorbance correction method.

VALIDATION OF PROPOSED METHOD[10]
Parameters to be considered for the validation of methods are:

1)LINEARITY ANDRANGE
Procedure:
The linearity response was determined by analyzing 6 independent levels of calibration curve in the range of 5-10 μg/ml and 5-10 μg/ml for AML and SIM respectively (n=6)

Calibration curve for Amlodipine besylate
- This series consisted of five concentrations of standard Amlodipine besylate solution ranging from 5 to 25 μg/ml. The solutions were prepared by pipetting out Standard Amlodipine besylate stock solution (0.5ml, 1ml, 1.5ml, 2.0ml, 2.5ml)  was transferred into a series of 10 ml volumetric flask and volume was adjusted up to mark with methanol. A zero order derivative spectrum of the resulting solution was  recorded, measured the absorbance at 360.80 nm against a reagent blank solution (methanol). Calibration curve was prepared by plotting absorbance versus respective concentration of Amlodipine besylate.

Calibration curve for  Simvastatin
This series consisted of five concentrations of standard Simvastatin solution ranging from 5 to 25 μg/ml. The solutions were prepared by pipetting out Standard Simvastatin stock solution (0.5ml, 1ml, 1.5ml, 2.0ml, 2.5ml ) was transferred into a series of 10 ml volumetric flask and volume was adjusted up to mark with methanol. A zero order derivative spectrum of the resulting solution was recorded, measured the absorbance at 237.60 nm against a reagent blank solution (methanol). Calibration curve was prepared by plotting absorbance versus respective concentration of Simvastatin.

AML

(µg/ml)

ABSORBANCE*

Avg ± SD

AML

(µg/ml)

ABSORBANCE*

Avg ± SD

SIM

(µg/ml)

ABSORBANCE*

Avg ± SD

5

0.094± 0.00098

5

0.283±0.00083

5

0.356 ± 0.00089

10

0.175 ± 0.00154

10

0.553±0.0016

10

0.721 ± 0.0026

15

0.246 ± 0.001095

15

0.785±0.0021

15

1.116 ± 0.0037

20

0.325 ± 0.001169

20

1.061±0.0010

20

1.512 ± 0.0013

25

0.411 ± 0.000816

25

1.284±0.0010

25

1.851 ± 0.0015

Table.1 Calibration data for mixture of AML, and SIM at 360.80nm, 237.80nm, respectively *(n=6)

2)PRECISION

i. Intraday precision
Procedure
- The precision of the developed method was assessed by analyzing combined standard solution containing three different concentrations 5,15,25  μg/ml for AML and 5,15,25 μg/ml for SIM triplicate (n=3) per day for consecutive 3 days for inter-day precision.
- The  %  RSD  value  of  the  results corresponding to the absorbance was expressed for intra-day precision.

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