Kanzaria S. H. , Patel D. V., Patel K.V., Gandhi T. R.
Anand Pharmacy College.
Objective: To evaluate anti-inflammatory effect of Capparis aphylla Roth. (CA) using experimental animal models. Material and method: Female Wistar rats (200 to 250gm) were randomly allocated to six groups (n=6). Except group-I (normal control), arthritis was induced in animals of all groups by injection of 0.2 ml Complete Freund’s Adjuvant (6mg/ml) on day one. Additionally Group III (Std) and Group IV–VI (CA-1, CA-2 and CA-3) received Indomethacin (100mg/kg), CA (300 mg/kg ; 240 mg/kg and 190 mg/kg) from day 1 to day 21 orally. Paw volumes of both sides (measured by plethysmography) was recorded on day 0, 7, 14, 21. On 7th, 14th, 21stdays the severity of the secondary lesions was evaluated by measuring body weight, arthritic index, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate(ESR), Rheumatoid factor(RF), C- Reactive Protein(CRP), Albumin/Globulin(A/G) ratio, X-ray, histopathology of synovial joints. Result: Capparis Aphylla Roth. significantly prevented the freund’s adjuvant induced changes in body weight, serum A/G ratio , arthritic Index, paw edema, ESR, RF, CRP. the results were comparable with the standard drug indomethacin. Conclusion: Antiinflammatory activity of Capparis aphylla Roth. can beattributed to COX-II inhibition leading to decrease in inflammatory mediator.