Lohithasu Duppala*1, Madhu priya Damuluri1, Anil kumar vadda2
1GITAM Institute of Pharmacy, GITAM University, Pharmaceutics, visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India-530045.
2AVANTHI Institute of pharmaceutical sciences, pharmacology, visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India-530045.
COX-2 (Cyclooxygenase-2) is a selective inhibitor of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Cyclooxygenase -2, an enzyme responsible for inflammation and pain. Celecoxib, Rofecoxib, valdecoxib, Parecoxib are class of COX-2 inhibiting drugs. COX-2 inhibitors have been revealed to reduce the occurrence of cancers and pre-cancerous growths. Celecoxib, cox-2 inhibitor isused to prevention of polyp formation in Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP). COX-2 inhibitors like celecoxib, Rofecoxib, valdecoxib, Parecoxibare currently being studied in cancer treatment and other targets. This review highlights the COX-2 inhibitors with special emphasis on their role in various kinds of cancer prevention and other targeted therapy. COX-2 inhibitors in cancer chemotherapy and neurological diseases like Parkinson and Alzheimer’s diseases still continues to attract researches on the development of COX-2 inhibitors.