PharmaTutor (September - 2016)
Print-ISSN: 2394 - 6679
e-ISSN: 2347 - 7881
(Volume 4, Issue 9)
Received On: 01/03/2016; Accepted On: 08/04/2016; Published On: 01/09/2016
Department of Home Science, Kr. R.C.M. P.G College Mainpuri, U.P., India
ABSTRACT: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lent virus (slowly-replicating retrovirus) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDs). Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk. Within these bodily fluids, HIV is present as both free virus particles and virus within infected immune cells. HIV enters macrophages and CD4+ T cells by the adsorption of glycoproteins on its surface to receptors on the target cell followed by fusion of the viral envelope with the cell membrane and the release of the HIV capsid into the cell. There is no cure for HIV/AIDS, but a variety of drugs can be used in combination to control the virus.
How to cite this article: Singh A; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS): A Review; PharmaTutor; 2016; 4(9); 29-32