Prescribing Trend of Antihypertensive Drugs in Sri Ganganagar District: A Retrospective Study
PharmaTutor (April- 2015)
Print-ISSN: 2394 - 6679
e-ISSN: 2347 - 7881
(Volume 3, Issue 4)
Received On: 30/01/2015; Accepted On: 09/02/2015; Published On: 01/04/2015
AUTHORS: Amarjeet Singh*, Sudeep Bhardwaj, Ashutosh Aggarwal
Department of Pharmacology,
Seth G. L. Bihani S. D. College of Technical Education,
Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences & Drug Research, Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India
Objective: The choice of drug for the treatment of hypertension changes at short intervals. Drug utilization studies conducted at regular intervals help to guide the physician in prescribing drugs rationally. The present study was done toanalyze the prescribing patterns of antihypertensive drugs in a NorthIndian hospital.
Material & method: A retrospective, crosssectional analysis of prescriptions of antihypertensive cases admitted in Medicine in-patient wards of civil hospital of Sri Ganganagar was conducted. All the prescription files with diagnosis ofessential hypertension were analyzed. Prescriptions for hypertension with other co-morbid conditions were also included. Frequency and proportions of utilization of antihypertensive medications were charted and figured.
Result: During the studyperiod, there were 435 prescriptions for essential hypertension. The most frequently prescribed antihypertensive medications were: monotherapy (42.06%), (57.94%) of patients were on multiple drugtherapy, the most favored fixed drug combination being diuretics with angiotensin receptor blockers (31.74%).
Conclusion: The present study revealed that Angiotensin receptor blockers arethe drugs of choice as monotherapy and as combination therapy for hypertensives. This pattern of prescription is also supported by the current JNC VIII guidelines for the treatment of hypertension.
How to cite this article: A Singh, S Bhardwaj, A Aggarwal; Prescribing Trend of Antihypertensive Drugs in Sri Ganganagar District: A Retrospective Study; PharmaTutor; 2015; 3(4); 53-59