Articles

THE MYSTERIOUS DOMINATION OF FOOD/DRINKING WATER CONTAMINANTS AND ADULTERANTS IN BANGLADESH

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ABOUT AUTHOR
AK MOHIUDDIN
Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh
Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh

ABSTRACT
Food adulteration and contamination are as old as the civilization itself. It is the consequence of the development of civilization, over utilization of nature, industrialization and in a price for the progression. It is highly prominent in Urban areas of Bangladesh. It is the consequence of commercialism of business people who are doing this knowingly to maximize profit. Higher degree of awareness shown by the people with higher educational background. Government regulatory agencies are less confident regarding food standard testing, as reported in the study. Educated people show higher degree of awareness of how the quality of food should be maintained. Regulatory authority is found to be in confidant in testing the food standard which also reflects their negligence. Safe food means, in general, there will be no danger from harmful elements that are deliberately added to food products in the country. The economic development of this country rarely reveals the basic literacy and consciousness of mass people. Necessary steps are to be taken to protect the environment for our own existence.

A REPORT ON MEDICINAL PLANTS USED IN ETHNO VETERINARY PRACTICES OF VILLAGE PEOPLES IN SATPUDA HILLS IN SHIRPUR TALUKA (DIST-DHULE ,MAHARASHTRA)

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ABOUT AUTHOR
Patil N.B.
Department of Pharmacy, Ahinsa Institute of Pharmacy,
Dondaicha, Maharashtra

ABSTRACT
This study reports the surveyed of medicinal plants used by village peoples of satpuda hills in shirpur taluka in ethno veterinary practices during this study ,information about ethno veterinary plants was obtained from villages peoples of personal meet them and collect the information .the ethno veterinary plants were collected and preserved as herbarium specimens by follows the standard methods.the identification of plants on botany department of R.C.Patel shirpur,Maharashtra.during the survey it was noted that 12 plants were traditionally used by treat various veterinary diseases such as  Inflammation, wound healing, Indigestion , Dysentry, Diarrhoea, Infertility, Afra disease, Infection of uterus, antimicrobial.

The information provided in this study would bring new medicine development of ecofriendly, effective medicines to control veterinary disease in the future prospective.this study may be useful to protect and conserve the endemic flora species of satpuda hills of shirpur taluka (Dist-Dhule,Maharashtra).

CHEMICAL CONTAMINANTS AND POLLUTANTS IN THE MEASURABLE LIFE OF DHAKA CITY

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ABOUT AUTHOR
AK MOHIUDDIN
Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh
Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh

ABSTRACT Environmental pollution and food contamination are as old as the civilization itself. It is the consequence of the development of civilization, over utilization of nature, industrialization and in fact a price for the progress. It is highly prominent in Dhaka city. Air pollution is mainly due to the vehicle emission, industrial discharge and burning of fossil fuel. The water resource of Dhaka becomes a major health threat due to arsenic contamination, inadequate household/industrial/medical waste disposal and industrial effluent management. Food contamination came from the commercialism of business people who are doing this knowingly to maximize profit. Necessary steps are to be taken to protect the environment for our own existence. This paper reveals chemical pollution and contamination issues of Dhaka city, the capital of Bangladesh.

STUDY OF HERBAL DRUGS FOR THE TREATMENT OF SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION

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ABOUT AUTHOR
Nayan Jain*
Mandsaur Institute of Pharmacy,
Mandsaur, MP, India

ABSTRACT
Sexual dysfunction or sexual disorder is difficulty experienced by a couple or an individual during any stage of a normal sexual activity, including physical pleasure, preference, desire, arousal or orgasm. Sexual arousal disorders were previously known as impotence in men and frigidity in women, though these have now been replaced with less judgmental terms. The causes vary considerably but include a possible decrease in the production of normal estrogen in women or testosterone in both men and women. Causes of dysfunction are aging, fatigue, pregnancy, medications or psychiatric conditions, such as depression and anxiety.

Herbal medicines may cure or prevent certain ailments. However, there are very little recorded data available to support the dose, efficacy, side effects and interactions. Because the safety and efficacy of herbal remedies they are likely to be used then synthetic medicines. The amount of active ingredients in herbals may vary among preparations. Thus, standardization of herbal medicines is required.

A REVIEW ON: PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL STUDY OF ANNONA SQUAMOSA

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Diksha A. Narwade*, Dr. A. N. Aher
Department of Pharmacognosy,
MVP samaj college of pharmacy,
Gangapur road Nashik, Maharastra, India

ABSTRACT
This paper gives the information about the Annona squamosa Linn. (Family: Annonaceae). Phytochemical and pharmacological studies of medicinal plant were performed. The plant is highly used traditionally for curing diverse diseases and disorders. It is locally known as “Sitaphal'' in Hindi. Macroscopical & microscopical studies of leaves have been studied. The phytochemical studies showed the presence of amino acids, terpenes, lipids, steroids, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, tannins, vitamins and alkaloids. The plant has various pharmacological actions such as insecticidal, purgative, laxatives, astringent, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, anti-ulcer, anti-oxidant, antimalarial and antibacterial. The reveiw specifically deals with the phytochemical and folkloric medicinal importance of plant.

REVIEW ON GOOD DOCUMENTATION PRACTICE IN PHARMACEUTICAL MANUFACTURING UNIT AS PER EUROPEAN UNION GMP CHAPTER-4 ON DOCUMENTATION

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Suleman S. khoja * 1, Dr. L J. Patel 2, Sohil S. Khoja 3, Karim R. Panjwani 3, Jagdish Ray3
1 PhD. Research Scholar, Ganpat University, Mehesana, Gujarat, India
2 Faculty of Pharmacy, Ganpat University, Mehesana, Gujarat, India
3 Resource person, Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance, Audit and Compliance, Vapi, Gujarat, India

ABSTRACT
Good documentation constitutes an essential part of the quality assurance system and is key to operating in compliance with GMP requirements. Documentation requirements of maintaining complete, accurate, truthful and verifiable data in all cGXP documents that are needed to be maintained as per regulatory requirements and various Governmental regulations, laws, rules and statutes/acts. Documentation may exist in a variety of forms, including paper-based, electronic or photographic media. Ensure that the Document should be free from error and during any point if error identify then rectify with proper reason for correcting including sign and date. A system should be in place to indicate special observations and any changes to critical data. GMP Document must have predefined retention period and document must be stored in secure and easy to retrieve or easily available as and when required. Batch Processing and Packaging Instruction must be in place and Contemporaneous entry provision must be available. Instruction and procedure for using equipment; instrument must be clear and specific.  Specification with authorization should be available for analysis of Raw Material and Packing Material, Intermediate and Bulk Product, Finished Product.

A REVIEW ON ANALYTICAL METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF INDAPAMIDE IN MARKETED PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATION

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Patil N.B.*, Patil K.B., Wagh M.N., Patil A. A.
Department of Pharmacy,
Ahinsa Institute of pharmacy,
Dondaicha Tal-Shindakheda Dist-Dhule, Maharashtra, India

ABSTRACT
Indapamide is the Thiazide like diuretic drug used in treatment of Hypertension, as well as odema, Heart attack, stroke and heart failure in persons with high blood pressure. It is available in market single component and multicomponent formulations. The article summarizes 57 analytical method including the chromatographic method, LC-MS (Liquid Chromatography-mass spectroscopy), GC-MS (Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy), spectriflurometric and UV Visible spectrophotometry techniques for estimation of   Indapamide in biological samples, bulk and pharmaceutical formulation.

AN A-Z OF PHARMA INDUSTRY REVIEW: BANGLADESH PERSPECTIVE

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ABOUT AUTHOR
AK MOHIUDDIN

Faculty of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh

ABSTRACT
After liberation, Bangladesh pharma industry was largely dominated by the import dependent MNCs. On or before 1982 ordinance, 75% of the market was dominated by the MNCs and the rest share was with the other 133 local companies. After NDP formulation and the Drug Control Ordinance, there was a dramatic change of reverse. By 1994, a few pharma companies achieved a tremendous growth and they reinvest their profit for faster return. By next decade, Bangladesh is aiming to 30 world class drug manufacturers to establish strong footstep in global pharma market. Bangladesh, as an LDC got exempted from the obligation of patent and data protection in this arena until 2033. Interestingly, Bangladesh already passed across the LDC landmark to a developing country. So, there’s window of opportunity of more than a decade to grow further from that aspect.

THE PHYTOCONSTITUENTS AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIONS OF FICUS RACEMOSA LINN. FAMILY: MORACEAE AN UPDATED REVIEW

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Kajal V. Kosankar*, Dr. A.N. Aher
MVP samaj college of pharmacy, Gangapur road Nashik, Maharashtra, India

ABSTRACT
Ficus racemosa it belongs to family Moraceae syn. Ficus glomerata Roxb. is the major group of angiosperm (flowering plant). They are widely distributed throughout Asia, Africa, America, Australia, Himalayan ranges, Punjab, Khasia Mountain, Bihar, Orissa, Rajasthan, Deccan, China, Indonesia and Malaysia. Udumber is used from ancient time for treating the many diseases. This tree is used traditionally for public health. It is also called yajnodumbara and grows all over the India at different areas. The common name is ‘Audumbar’ and ‘Umbar’ and used in Unani, Ayurveda and Homeopathy. The leaves tender are used in kalasha prokshana it is sprinkle water to different places from a scared copper mug and the bark is used in Homa. In review macroscopically studies, microscopically studies and chemical constituents are studied on different parts of the plant. Traditional uses and pharmacological uses are described, the extraction of leaves, fruit, stem, bark and latex are done due to this the important constituents are isolated in respective solvent like ethanol, methanol, acetone, petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and water. The more information is described below and the people are moving towards ayurvedic preparations.

ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS, A CLIMBING AYURVEDIC MEDICINAL PLANT: REVIEW ON ITS CULTIVATION, MORPHOLOGY AND MEDICINAL SIGNIFICANCE

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Mir Sahidul Ali1, Souvik Mukherjee2, Debayan Roy2, Gargi Pal3, Subhajit Makar*2
1Department of Chemical & Polymer Engineering, Tripura University (A Central   University), Suryamaninagar, Tripura 799022, India.
2School of Basic & Applied Sciences, Central University of Punjab,Bathinda-155110, Punjab, India.
3 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology, NSHM Knowledge Campus, Kolkata- 700053, India.

ABSTRACT: Asparagus racemosus (A. racemosus) is a well-known medicinal plant due its various application in Ayurveda. It contains various type of secondary metabolite active natural products (or ingredients) such as steroids, alkaloids, flavonoids, furan derivatives and essential oils. In the present scenario due to growing catastrophic effect of diseases in human life, researchers are trying to stop synthetic drugs by replacing with herbal drugs. Herbal drug treatments are in general used to provide first-line and public health provider, both to persons abode in faraway areas the place it is the only on hand wellness service, and to people residing in bad areas the place it offers the one cheap relief. In this point of view A. racemosus can show a new path of herbal treatment.

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