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  • DENGUE FEVER : A COMPLETE REVIEW

    About Author
    SHIV KUMAR MANDAL*SHASHI DAKSH
    Department of Pharmacy,Mewar University,Chittorgarh (312901),
    Rajasthan,India
    shivmandal097@gmail.com

    ABSTRACT
    Dengue fever is the most common arthropod-borne self-limiting viral disease with clinical spectrum ranging from asymptomatic infection to life threatening shock. It is called as dengue shock syndrome. Hemoconcentration and thrombocytopenia are the distinctive features of dengue hemorrhagic fever. Supportive fluid replacement therapy and vigilant monitoring for the successful management of the condition. Vector control measures are the most important preventive methods.  As the outbreaks of Dengue fever increasing in India, one state after other getting affected, it is very essential to know more about this disease and prevalence, any change in the viral strain, severity of the disease pattern, early detection of the virus and  early management of the disease resulting in good recovery . Population growth, rapid urbanization, increase in international travel from endemic areas and global warming are playing a major role in disease spread. Measures should be taken to control the aforementioned causes to prevent disease spread and reduce epidemic flare up.

  • AI in drug discovery and development : A brief commentary

    About Author
    VIKAS K. PRAJAPATI
    BANSAL COLLEGE OF PHARMAC, BHOPAL(M.P.)
    vikasprajapti8417@gmail.com

  • Review Article on Floating Drug Delivery System

    ABOUT AUTHORES 
    AKASH GUPTA  M.Pharm (pharmaceutics)
    akashav88@gmail.com
    Kota college of pharmacy,ranpur, kota - 325003

    ABSTRACT
    The purpose of writing this review on floating drug delivery systems (FDDS) was to The recent developments of FDDS including the physiological and formulation variables affecting gastric retention, approaches to design single-unit and multiple-unit floating systems, and their classification and formulation aspects are covered in detail. Prolonged gastric retention improves bioavalibility, reduce drug waste, and improve solubility for drugs that are less soluble in a high ph environment. It has applications also for local drug delivery to the stomach and proximal small intestines.

  • COVID – 19 DIAGNOSIS : A SHORT REVIEW

    ABOUT AUTHORS
    Swarupananda Mukherjee*, Sohini Bera, Moumoyee Chakraborty 
    NSHM Knowledge Campus, Kolkata – Group of Institutions,
    Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, 124, B L Saha Road,
    Kolkata, India

    * Swarupananda.mukherjee@nshm.com

    ABSTRACT :
    Corona viruses are a family of enveloped, positive stranded, single stranded RNA viruses. This corona virus family consists of pathogens of several human and animal species including SARS-CoV, NovelCOVID-19 but now referred to as SARS-CoV-2 by the Study Group. SARS-CoV-2 International Committee on Virus Taxonomy Corona Virus belongs to the genus Beta corona virus family Corona viridae. The virus has spread globally since its introduction, causing millions of deaths and critically affecting our health services and economies. There are currently no approved preventive drugs or treatment methods available. Hundreds of clinical trials were performed to find treatments that were successful. Here we are reviewing currently reported clinical studies for COVID-19 treatment and prevention to give an overview and perspective into the global response.

  • A CONCISE REVIEW ON LIPOSOMES DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM

    ABOUT AUTHORS
    BHANDARI SALONI *, KISHNANI KHUSHBOO, RATHORE KAMAL SINGH 
    BN College of Pharmacy, Udaipur-Raj. 313001
    salonibhandari1996.sb@gmail.com

    ABSTRACT
    Liposomes are concentric bilayer vesicles, which were first developed by Bangham and his colleagues in 1961. They are highly efficient having high drug entrapment capacity. Due to their size, hydrophobic and lipophilic character they are most widely used vehicles for drug delivery. The main aim of this drug delivery system is to target the drug directly to the site of action in order to prolong and enhance the drug effect. Liposomes are biocompatible and stable and are able to entrap both hydrophilic and lipophilic drug within its compartment. The size range varies from 0.05-5.0µ in diameter. Various convectional techniques used for liposomal preparation and size reduction are mechanical dispersion methods, solvent dispersion methods and detergent removal method. Due to difference in method of preparation and composition of lipids, liposomes can be characterized according to size, charge, lamellarity etc. This article provide an overview of liposomes, advantages, disadvantages, mechanism of action, classification, structural composition, preparation as well as evaluation parameters, applications and future aspects.

  • Merging Religious Holistic and Scientific Aspect of Basic infection control practices Isolation Hand washing and Bathing to assist infection control in COVID - A Union Therapy Initiative

    ABOUT AUTHORS
    1Kanishk Kala, 2Dr Rupinder Kaur Sodhi

    1Research Scholar Pharmacy Chandigarh College of Pharmacy IK Gujral PTU Punjab
    2Guide Pharmacology Chandigarh College of Pharmacy IK Gujral PTU Punjab

    ABSTRACT
    At present time COVID-19 has become a global threat.  In spite of modern technology The medical management of the said disease is not yet accomplished. The only strategy being used for this is in the preventive measures. This documents that still there is need of ancient method for management. This review highlights is based on the Union therapy view / Sayojya Chikitsa  which respects all treatment modality and tries to integrate scientific mythological and religious role of basic hygiene practices like Isolation hand washing and bathing spiritual techniques to combat the physical psychological and mental aspects of this COVID-19.

  • Corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19) : The epidemic and the challenges

    ABOUT AUTHORS :
    Disha Chouhana*1, Dr. Rajesh Mujariya2
    1*Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Science and Research , Balaghat, Madhya Pradesh, India
    2Department of Pharmaceutics,  School of Pharmaceutical Science and Research , Balaghat, Madhya Pradesh, India
    rajeshmujariya@gmail.com

    ABSTRACT :
    There is a new public health crises threatening the world with the emergence and spread of 2019 novel corona virus (2019-nCoV) or the severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus originated in bats and was transmitted to humans through yet unknown intermediary animals in Wuhan, Hubei province, China in December 2019. There have been around 96,000 reported cases of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-2019) and 3300 reported deaths to date (05/03/2020). The disease is transmitted by inhalation or contact with infected droplets and the incubation period ranges from 2 to 14 d.

  • MINI REVIEW OF SCOTT CRANIODIGITAL SYNDROME

    AUTHORS :
    Gouranga Sundar Roy 1*, Sangita Biswas2 
    Department of Pharmacy, Bengal School of Technology
    (A College of Pharmacy),
    Sugandha, Delhi Road Near Chuchura, Hooghly - 712102,
    West Bengal, India

    ABSTRACT:
    Scott Craniodigital syndrome is a situation that has best been found in families. The manifestations consist of uncommon head shape, boom and developmental delay, and mild webbing between the arms and toes. Less than 10 cases have been described within the literature so far. Clinical description strange dermatoglyphic patterns, boom retardation and brachycephalic have additionally been reported. Scott Craniodigital Syndrome with Mental Retardation is a very uncommon inherited disorder this is fully expressed in male best. Mental retardation (MR) is a widely used term but a contentious one. There is still a quest for appropriate terminology that doesn't companion with negative perception of affected character ad but is correct in phrases of nosology. Also debatable is the most appropriate methodology. Scott Craniodigital syndrome is believed to be inherited as an X-connected recessive genetic trait, based totally on the presence of the circumstance in males most effective. Carrier ladies have very moderate manifestation. The motion disorder related with can be managed by way of pharmacological treatment of thru physical remedy and occupational therapy to reduce disability. Some drug remedy which have been used to control.

  • NURSES’ PERCEPTION OF MOTIVATION AND JOB SATISFACTION IN GHANA: A CASE STUDY OF THE KORLE-BU TEACHING HOSPITAL IN ACCRA

    AUTHORS :
    1Charles Owusu-Aduomi Botchwey*, 2Yaa Kusi-Ameyaa, 1Isaac Adom-Konadu,  1Ebenezer Dzinpa Effisah
    1 University of Cape Coast
    2 University of Professional Studies-Accra
    chaboat08@yahoo.com
    *

    ABSTRACT
    Healthcare provision aims at ensuring that clients who visit a healthcare facility are provided with affordable and quality healthcare aimed at promoting the well-being of the people in the catchment areas of the healthcare facility. Considering the pivotal role played by nurses in helping deliver quality healthcare, one of the most pertinent issues has been the question of how nurses perceive motivation and how best to motivate them. The study aimed at empirically evaluating the current perception of nurses in the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital on motivation and job satisfaction and how to improve the motivation of nurses aimed at promoting quality healthcare. The study adopted a qualitative approach through in-depth interviews of a total of twenty (20) respondents including seven key informants purposely selected due to their role in the implementation of motivation policies in the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital Community. This study employed the case study design. The study found that mismanagement of the hospital’s resources was one of the challenges of motivation at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital. Again, the study found that inability of nurses to express their worries and issues concerning their welfare affected motivation and job satisfaction largely. Furthermore, the study found that the hospital did not have any medical plan for nurses at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital.  The study recommends that employees’ views must be sought when it comes to motivation to find out exactly what their needs are but not to impose anything on them in the name of motivating them. The study also recommends that nurses’ preferences for different benefits vary with their ages, marital status and so on. It is important for the hospital to “customise” their benefit packages and use them to their best advantage. It is important to mention that for motivation to be able to achieve its intended purpose, there is the need for the hospital to identify the individual needs in order to satisfy them accordingly to promote job satisfaction.

  • REVIEW ON COVID -19(CORONA VIRUS DISEASE)

    AUTHORS :
    *Tinku Kumar Singh1, Satish Kumar1, Purna Tiwari2
    1 Indchemie health Specialities Pvt. Ltd
    2 Alkem health science Ltd
    tinku20190@gmail.com

     

    ABSTRACT : The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) a pandemic. In January 2020, a previously unknown new virus was identified subsequently named the 2019 novel corona virus, and samples obtained from cases and analysis of the virus’ genetics indicated that this was the cause of the outbreak. Corona viruses are a group of related viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Corona viruses are large pleomorphic spherical particles with bulbous surface projections. Isolation remains the most effective measure for containment of COVID-19. Moreover unnecessary administration of antibiotics should also be avoided. Critically ill patients require high flow oxygen, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), glucocorticoid therapy, and convalescent plasma. Therapeutically, aerosol administration of alpha-interferon (5 million units twice daily), chloroquine phosphate, and lopinavir/ritonavir have been suggested.

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