Pharmacognosy Articles

PHYTO-PHARMACOLOGICAL AND AGRONOMICAL PROFILE OF IXORA PARVIFLORA

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Das Sattwik1, Sharma Shikha1, Lariya Shailendra2
1Malhotra College, Department of pharmacology, Badwai, Bhopal, M.P., India
2Radha raman Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, Bhopal, M. P., India
*dsattwik@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Ixora parviflora
an Indian plant, has long been medicinally used in traditional systems of medicine. The plant has been found to possess varied number of pharmacological activities. This article gives an account of updated information on its phytochemical and pharmacological properties. The review reveals that wide numbers of phytochemical constituents have been isolated from the plant which possesses activities like anaemia, whooping cough, antiviral, hypotensive and spasmolytic. These reports are very hopeful and indicate that the plant should be studied more widely for its therapeutic effects.

PHARMACOGNOSTIC, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY STUDIES OF ‘FICUS RELIGIOSA'

About Authors:
Vemavarapu Satish kumar*, Shahin1 , Saarangi Ramesh2
*IPQC team member at GRANULES INDIA LIMITED, M.Pharmacy (pharmaceutics) Deevena college of pharmacy.
1Shadan women’s college of pharmacy. khairtabad, Hyderabad. A.P
2asst.prof.pharmaceutical chemistry, Prasad institute of  pharmaceutical sciences. jangaon, warangal. A.P
*sattisha333@gmail.com

1 GEOGRAPHICAL SETTING

1.1 Ficus religiosa
Origin of the tree is not really known to anybody, but, there are also some interesting legends associated with the Peepal tree. The peepal is the first-known depicted tree in India. A seal discovered at MohenjDaro, one of the cities of the Indus Valley Civilisation (c. 3000 BC - 1700 BC), shows the peepal being worshipped. Excavations are suggestive of the fact that even in those times; the peepal tree was worshipped by Hindus.

Peepal is native from India to southeast Asia and it is found wild and cultivated upto 5000 feet. Ficus religiosa is cultivated in various tropical areas of the world. It is grown in southern California, Florida and Hawaii, Homestead and Miami in the United States.

Regardless of its origin, the tree needs lots of space, and the soil must be deep enough to let the roots grow down a long way. It is a large tree of about 20 m. heights with a well developed crown. It can grow in a wide variety of soils and it grows in a sub tropical climate with hot summers and frost during the monsoon season.

A REVIEW ON THERAPEUTIC POTENTIALS OF BERGENIA LIGULATA WALL

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Poonam Verma*, Bhuwan Chandra Joshi, Nitisha Negi
ISF College of Pharmacy,
Moga, Punjab
bhuwan.joshi000@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Bergenia ligulata
Wall also known as Pashanbhedain Indian system of medicine. Etymologically, the name Pashanbheda means that which breaks or destroys stones. Bergenia ligulata Wall is perennial herb that grows wild in stones and rocks. This plant has been recognized for dissolving kidney stone along with various biological activities, proving its several traditional uses. Bergenia ligulata Wall is a herb mainly found in Himalayan valley. Since it imparts different properties i.e. diuretic, anti diabetic, astringent, cardio tonic, wound healer, expectorant, antipyretic, hepatoprotective, anti cancer, antiprotozoal,  anti-inflammatory, kidney stone due to certain phytochemical constituents Bergenin, Tannic acid, Gallic acid, Stigmesterol, β-Sitosterol, catechin, (+)-Afzelechin, 1, 8-cineole, Isovalaric acid, (+)-(6S)-parasorbic acid, Arbutin, Phytol, Caryophyllene, Damascenone, β-eudesmol, 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol, (Z)-asarone, Terpinen-4-ol, Paashaanolactone present in it. The aim of present article is to explore the medicinal importance of the plant Bergenia ligulata wall.


HERBAL REMEDIES USED IN THE TREATMENT OF EPILEPSY

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Sachchidanand Pathak*, L Singh, T Singh, S K Sharma
Sunder Deep Pharmacy College,
Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
sachchidanand.pathak904@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
This article has been made to review of following plants used for the antiepileptic activity. The plant sources of India are likely to provide effective antiepileptic agents. Herbs have a vital role in the prevention and treatment of convulsion. The phytochemical exploration of these herbs has contributed to some extent in this race for the discovery of new antiepileptic drugs (AED). In recent years owing to the fear of side effects people prefer more and more use of natural plant products for convulsions. This review also helps to summarize the diverse methodologies and ways to evaluate the potential natural compounds having antiepileptic activity.

Convulsion is the second most common neurologic disorder after stroke. Approximately 1% of the world’s population has convulsion, it is a condition where the patient suffers from recurrent seizures. Control to seizures numerous conventional drugs came into existence. Most of the epileptic patients need polytherapy of conventional anticonvulsants and still not 100% cured.

The major drawback due to these agents is their chronic side effects and drug interactions which restrict its use. On the other hand nature has provided us plants to be used as natural remedy for diseases with least side effects and insignificant drug interactions. This has motivated the researchers towards herbal remedy for anticonvulsant activity. In this review, herbal drugs have been discussed with more emphasis on the research advancements of traditional or herbal anticonvulsants.

SYSTEMATIC PHARMACEUTICAL OVERVIEW ON: ABELMOSCHUS ESCULENTUS

About Author:
Shankul kumar
Assistant professor, Dept. of Pharmacognosy
GHB Pharmacy College, Aniyad, Shehra, Gujarat, India
Kumar.sankul@gmail.com

Abstract:
Abelmoschus esculentusL., is commonlyknown as lady's fingers, bhindi, okra or gumbo, is a flowering plant belongs to family malvaceae. The geographical origin of okra is disputed, with supporters of South Asian, Ethiopian and West African origins. The plant is cultivated in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions around the world.The species is an annual or perennial, growing to 2 m tall. Okra is a popular health food due to its high fiber, vitamin C, and folate content. It is also a good source of calcium and potassium. In addition, the plant has been used medicinally in treatment of several disorders like Anti-cancer, antimicrobial, hypoglycaemic and anti-ulcer activity etc.It is also known for being high in antioxidants.The aim of present review is to highlight the Pharmacognostical, phytochemical, pharmacological, and pharmaceutical investigation carried out on the plant and its constituents.

HERBAL ANTIOXIDANT: A REVIEW

ABOUT AUTHOR:
Khushbu Singh
Department of pharmaceutical chemistry
Noida Institute Of Engineering & Technology, Noida
khushbu1991singh@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
The antioxidative activity of a total of 92 phenolic extracts from edible and nonedible plant materials (berries, fruits, vegetables, herbs, cereals, tree materials, plant sprouts, and seeds) was examined by autoxidation of methyl linoleate. The content of total phenolics in the extracts was determined spectrometrically according to the Folin-Ciocalteu procedure and calculated as gallic acid equivalents (GAE). Among edible plant materials, remarkable high antioxidant activity and high total phenolic content (GAE > 20 mg/g) were found in berries, especially aronia and crowberry. Apple extracts (two varieties) showed also strong antioxidant activity even though the total phenolic contents were low (GAE < 12.1 mg/g). Among nonedible plant materials, high activities were found in tree materials, especially in willow bark, spruce needles, pine bark and cork, and birch phloem, and in some medicinal plants including heather, bog-rosemary, willow herb, and meadowsweet. In addition, potato peel and beetroot peel extracts showed strong antioxidant effects. To utilize these significant sources of natural antioxidants, further characterization of the phenolic composition is needed.

AYURVASTRA: A NOVEL USE OF HERBAL DRUGS

About Authors:
Neha Karekar, Prit Lakhani, Ujas Patel
Mumbai Educational Trust
Institute of Pharmacy
Associate Pharmacy Education Officer 2012-2013
Indian Pharmaceutical Association Students' Forum Maharashtra State Branch
2009nehak@gmail.com

Abstract:
Ayurvastra refers to herbal clothes.  It is made by embedding essential oils and herbs into textiles. A wide range of herbs can be used for this process like Chocolate,Tulsi, Brier rose, Indigo, Red Riding Hood (mix of spices) etc. Such textiles have their applications in providing medicinal value and aroma to the garment. Ayurvastra (also marketed as cosmetotextiles on a broad term) has been used for treating enumerable range of diseases such as diabetes, arthritis, skin infections, hyper tension, hay fever etc.Results by using sensorial evaluations showed that performance of such garments lasts for more than 30 days.

GLOBAL SCENARIO OF HERBAL DRUG TODAY AND TOMORROW

About Authors:
1Bhatt Mehul K.*, 2Dr. Captain A.D.
1Department of Pharmacognosy,
Shivam Pharmaceutical Studies & Research Centre,
Valasan-388 326, Anand, Gujarat, India.
2Department of Pharmaceutical chemistry
A. R. College and G. H Patel institute of Pharmacy,
Vallabh Vidyanagar, Anand-380 015, Gujarat, India.
*mkb_0999@yahoo.co.in

Absract:
Today estimate that about 80% of people in developing countries still relays on traditional medicine based largely on species of plants and animals for their primary health care. India has one of the richest plant traditions in the world. These are estimated to by around 25,000 effect plant based formulations, used in folk medicine and known to rural communities in India. Indias share in the export of herbals is USD 63 billion which is just 0.2% of the global herbal market. So there is obviously vast scope for Indian manufacturers for entering the growing worldwide opportunity of business in herbal pharmaceutical field. We also have to focus on standardization of herbal products. Pharmaceutical export promotion council i.e PHARMEXCIL is ready to play a key role in this regards. Currently, a majority of the adverse events related to the use of herbal products and herbal medicines that are reported are attributable either to poor product quality or to improper use. Inadequate regulatory measures, weak quality control systems and largely uncontrolled distribution channels may have been contribution to the occurrence of such events. So Pharmacovigilance of herbal medicines is required.

HERBAL ANTIOXIDANT

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Sayoni Sengupta, Asha Kesari
B.Pharm final year,
Department of Pharmaceutics
Kanak Manjari Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences
bonirini@hotmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Antioxidants provide an all encompassing protection against cellular wear and damage. Antioxiants occurring naturally are present in all food and herbal medicines. Their addition in small quantities within permissible limits, delay, retard or prevent development of rancidity caused by atmospheric oxygen and thus preserve fats, carotenoids and other nutritive ingredients of food.
Herbal antioxidant in particular is recommended as dietary constituent. Each antioxidant is believed to help address the effect of aging, support healthy brain, maintain capillary integrity and also maintain a healthy cardiovascular system.

A REVIEW ON ABRUS PRECATORIUS

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Mahaveer Kabra*, Sanjay Bhandari, Natasha Sharma Raman Gupta.
Department of Pharmacology,
Kota College of Pharmacy, Kota. Raj.
*sanskarkabra@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Abrus precatorius
Linn (Fabaceae) Plant found all throughout the plains of India, from Himalaya down to Southern India and Ceylon. It is used medicinally in various country. The roots, leaves and seeds of the plant are used medicinally. Glycyrrhizin, Triterpene glycosides, pinitol and alkaloids such as abrine, hepaphotine, choline and precatorine are the principle chemical constituents of the plants. Traditionally leaves are used as aphrodisiac, tonic, remove biliousness, useful in eye diseases, cures leucoderma, itching, skin diseases and wounds. The root is considered emetic and alexiteric. Internally, the seeds are described as poisonous and useful in affections of the nervous system and externally used in skin diseases, ulcers and affections of the hair. Antifertility, Antithrombin, Aanthelmintic Activity, Antimalarial are some reported activity of Abrus precatorius Linn.

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