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BEAUTY BENEFITS OF VITAMIN E: RESCUE FOR HAIR DAMAGE

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ABOUT AUTHOR
P.V. POWAR
Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Pharmacy,
Akurdi, Pune.44

Vitamin E or Alpha-Tocopherol is fat-soluble antioxidant which supports for rebuild and repair aged tissues. Vitamin E exists in eight chemical forms as shown in bellow diagram

Reference Id: PHARMATUTOR-ART-2595

Various forms of Vitamin

Figure No.01: Various forms of Vitamin E [1] 

Food sources of vitamin E comprise safflower, sunflower, wheat germ, palm, corn and soybean oil ,nuts, whole grain, avocado, asparagus, pumpkin, spinach and green, leafy vegetables. Diverse health benefits of vitamin E.
Balances Cholesterol:
Vitamin E show cholesterol-lowering effect by inhibiting the oxidation of Cholesterol reduces the risks of atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular disorders.

Antioxidant Activity and anticancer activity:
Stops the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) formed when fat undergoes oxidation. Due to lipophillic nature of Vitamin E it is accumulate in lipid compartment, cell membrane and prevent oxidation by neutralizing free radical and also show protective action for inflammation, and therefore help naturally slow aging in your cells and fight off health issues like heart disease[2]. Vitamin E inhibits the activity of protein Kinase C, (enzyme concerned in cell proliferation, differentiation in smooth muscle cells, platelets, and monocytes. Vitamin E present in endothelial cells lining the interior surface of blood vessels are better able to resist blood-cell components stick to internal surface (act as a anti blood clotting agent) and also release of prostacyclin from the endothelium, help for dilates blood vessels and inhibits platelet aggregation[3] . Vitamin E inhibits the conversion of nitrites in smoked, pickled and cured foods to nitrosamines in the stomach. Nitrosamines have been known to contribute to some forms of cancer [4]. So Vitamin E provides protection of DNA, protein and lipids from oxidative damage.

Anti-aging Activity :
Vitamin E helps for strengthening the capillary walls , improving moisture and elasticity, acting as a natural anti-aging and also reduces inflammation, antioxidant properties of Vitamin E helps in Anticancer activity , help in Skin Hyper-pigmentation and anti wrinkle activity (also help in erasing action of stretch marks). Vitamin E when used as topically increases hydratation of the stratum corneum, water-binding capacity and reduces the harmful collagen-destroying enzyme collagenase ( i.e anti-aging property)[5] . Gamma tocotrienol abridged inflammatory signals that pursue UVB radiation exposure like COX-2, interleukin-1beta, IL-6, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1[6,7] .It also enhance cell regeneration capacity so show Anti scar , anti acne activity. It also help for promote formation of RBC, also aid for wound healing process [8].

Use for Hyper pigmentation and photo-aging:
Vitamin E slow the production of melanin by suppressing the activity of an enzyme called tyrosinase [9]. And antioxidant protection gives younger looking skin

Balances Hormones:
It able to maintain endocrine and nervous systems, it also helps to reduce PMC syndrome.

Useful in burn wounds and stretch marks:
Stretch marks appear due to excessive stretch of skin fibers. While the skin naturally tries to repair itself, the process is slowed down by the free radicals. And vitamin E acts as an Antioxidant which shows effective against stretch marks by supportive action in cell regeneration [10].

Improves Vision:
It helps to prevent related macular degeneration (cause of blindness) damage to retina.
• Physical endurance:
Vitamin E may play an important role in preventing the free radical damage associated with endurance exercise, preventing exercise-induced lipid peroxidation (Vitamin E acts as a chain-breaking antioxidant) [11,12].

Protection against Alzheimer’s Disease:
Anti-inflammatory activity , protection against neurodegenerative disorders and dementia.[13] 

Psoriasis:
Anti-inflammatory useful in Psoriasis. It causes dead skin cells to build up in scaly, reddish-pink patches.

Immune system Protector:
Improvement in T4 function can leads to boosting effect of immunity and helps the body fight off infection. Also act as a primary defense line for oxidative damage as it acta s a strong antioxidant. Vitamin E intake increases plasma vitamin E, DTH score, mitogenic response to concanavalin A (Con-A), DTH response and interleukin (IL)-2 production ; and decreased prostaglandin (PG)E2 production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and decreased plasma lipid peroxide concentrations.

Hair care regimen:
Vitamin E can be good support system for all your hair problems and promote hair growth, stop hair loss. Following are actions shown by Vitamin E

1. Blood Circulation improves: Vitamin E dilates the blood vessels by secretion of prostacyclin, and improves the blood flow / supply and it also prevents blood clotting. This action improves nourishment for hair follicles and promoting hair growth ,produce thick and healthy hair. Also restore shine of hairs, act as a hair conditioner and give glossy, silky by production of protective , nutrient shield on hair surface[14,15] .
2. Prevents Hair Loss and premature graying : Provides physical stability to hair follicles and reduces the rate at which hair strands fall off. Improv the oxygenation of the skin by dilation of blood vessel and increase blood flow enhances transport of needed nutrients to hair follicles which leads to rapid hair growth and the healing/ repairing of damaged hair shafts. It also provide protection from dehydration and ultraviolet rays. Premature graying of hair is caused by oxidization of tissues and vitamin E oil helps prevent depletion of tissues, which in turn helps impede premature graying of hair. Antioxidant activity also prevent split ends of hairs[16] .
3. Balance for oil production: Vitamin E is important for creating a protective barrier on the skin’s surface and provide maintenance of sufficient oil for nourishment, maintain moisture and regulate oil production. This barrier helps lock in moisture and protect from attacks of free radicals produce from pollution and smoke. Sebaceous glands producing more oil than necessary (high amount leads to itching, hair loss, dandruff , thinning hair, baldness or alopecia and less amount of oil leads to dry scalp , dandruff, hair loss, split ends)[17] .
4. Antioxidant Activity: Antioxidant activity which show neutralizationreaction for free radicals which leads to hair damage.
5. Protection against sun rays: As vitamin E act as an antioxidant, protect against oxidative stress, free radicals produces during oxidation protein , fats. Harsh ultraviolet rays from the sun that can cause dryness, brittleness, discoloration of hair ;which result in frizzy hair ,split ends , hair thinning. UV rays cause degradation of hair protein and hair pigment which will produces above mentioned hair problems. Vitamin E helps to retain the strength and vitality of hair [18] . Vitamin E decreases production of PGE2 and nitric oxide; prevents sunburn cell formation, ultraviolet (UV) B-induced lipid peroxidation and edema,[19,20]; which gives epidermal protection from oxidative stress. Vitamin E also has a role in photo adduct formation and immune-suppression [21].
6. Repairing of hair scalp: Reduce inflammation (act as an anti-inflammatory action) on the scalp caused by dandruff and psoriasis [22], and provide conditioning effect by cure dry hair and split end problems.

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Table No.01: Vitamin E contacting Natural oil

Name of Natural Oil

Vitamin E content in oil ( mg per 100 gm )

Wheat Germ Oil

 150 mg

Sunflower Oil

 41 mg

Safflower Oil

 34 mg

Almond Oil

 39 mg

Hazelnut Oil

 47 mg

Palm Oil

 15 mg

Olive Oil

 14 mg

Canola Oil

 22 mg

Soybean Oil

 12 mg

Corn Oil

15 mg

Grapeseed  Oil

 29 mg

Rice bran Oil

 32 mg

Babassu Oil

 19 mg

Flaxseed Oil

 17 mg

Peanut Oil

 16 mg

Oat Oil

 14 mg

Poppyseed Oil

 11 mg

Apricot Kernel Oil

 4 mg

Palm Kernel Oil

 4 mg

Sea Buckthorn Oil

180 mg

Argan oil

73 mg

Pine nut Oil

9.3 mg

Cod Liver oil

12.3 mg

Cotton seed oil

5 mg

Hempseed

5 mg

Basil Oil

7.38 mg

Maize oil

11 mg

Palm oil

26 mg

Table No.02: Marketed Preparation contacting vitamin E

Name of Product

Name of Manufacturer

Vitamin E Capsules

Pfyton Remedies Hyderabad, India

JASON Vitamin E 5,000 IU

@2013 THE HAIN CELESTIAL GROUP,INC USA

Highgrow Hair Supplement (Biotin, CoQ-10 & Vitamin E) tablets

WEST COAST PHARMA

HealthVit E-Vitan Vitamin E Hair Oil

West Coast Pharmaceuticals works ltd, Ahmedabad, India

OGX Healing + Vitamin E Penetrating Oil, 3.3 oz, Hair Oil for Dry or Damaged Hair

OGX USA

Difeel Vitamin E Oil Premium Natural Hair Oil

 

HAIR OIL ENRICHED WITH ARGAN OIL, AVOCADO, MACADAMIA NUT OILS, Vit. A, C, E, and Pro-Vit. B5. Professional hair treatment serum

Bali Secrete

Hair Serum, Hair Vitamins with Argan Oil, Macadamia and Avocado Oils, Vit A, C, E, Pro Vit.B5, 50 Capsules Oil

Hong kong perfect link cosmetic limited Hong Kong

Castor Oil (16oz) USDA Organic Cold-Pressed

Mary Talor naturals

Castor Oil (4oz) USDA Certified Organic

Rejuve Naturals

Lorenzo Regenerating Shampoo Ginseng Exract Plus Vitamin E for Hair Growth 33oz

Lorenzo

Organic Castor Oil - 4 oz - 100% Pure, Unrefined, Cold Pressed & Hexane Free

Delux Botanicals

Vitamin E Oil

GreatFull Skin

Vitamin E Jojoba Oil

Leven Rose

Hair oil with vitamin E

Golden reason

Vitamin E Oil

Difeel Sunflower Mega Care

Vitamin E Oil

Kate Blanc Cosmetics USA

E Oil 30,000IU

Nature's Bounty

Vitamin E enhance Professional Grade

Health property Natural product

Vitamin E Oil Blend Pure & Natural 14000IU(d-alpha tocopherol)+Jojoba Oil+Vitamin C+Coconut Oil

Mother Nature’s Essentials, USA

Trader Joe's Vitamin Oil E

 

Natural Vitamin E  Triticum Vulgare

Naissance, Neath,UK

Argan Oil Hair Serum, Vitamin E Hair Serum and Aloe Vera Hair Serum

Herstlyler Hong Kong

Vitamin E oil

Bella Terra oils

Organic Castor oil beauty enhancer

Namskara , Los angeles UK

Evion Vitamin E Capsules

Merck Pharma

Super oil blend, Caster oil, sweet almond oil, coconut oil Vitamin E

 

Mia Adora

REFERENCES:
1. Traber MG. (2006);Vitamin E;In Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 10th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006;396-411
2. Singh U, Devaraj S, Jialal I. (2005) ;Vitamin E, oxidative stress, and inflammation;Annu Rev Nutr. 2005;25:151-74.
3. Institute of Medicine. Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes: Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2000
4. Top 10 Surprising Benefits of vitamin E for your Hair and Skin, Available on: www.consumerhealthdigest.com
5. Your Prescription for Ageless skin. Vienna: You look so young LLC; 2006
6. Traber MG, Podda M, Weber C, Thiele J, Rallis M, Packer L. (1997);Diet-derived and topically applied tocotrienols accumulate in skin and protect the tissue against ultraviolet light-induced oxidative stress;Asia Pac J Clin Nutr.1997; Vol.6No.1);63-7
7. Shibata A, Nakagawa K, Kawakami Y, Tsuzuki T, Miyazawa T(2010) ;Suppression of gamma-tocotrienol on UVB induced inflammation in HaCaT keratinocytes and HR-1 hairless mice via inflammatory mediators multiple signaling; J Agric Food Chem. 2010 Vol.9;No.58(11):7013-20
8. Top 10 Benefits of Vitamin E for hair and skin,Available on:www.top10homeremedies.com
9. Michihara A, Ogawa S, Kamizaki Y, Akasaki K. (2010);Effect of-tocotrienol on melanin content and enzymes for melanin synthesis in mouse melanoma cells;Biol Pharm Bull. 2010;Vol.33 No.9;1471-6
10. Shah K.;(2018);10 Benefits of Vitamin E Capsules on Skin and Hair,Available on: https://www.beautyglimpse.com
11. Takanami Y., Iwane H, Kawai Y, Shimomitsu T; (2000);Vitamin E supplementation and endurance exercise: are there benefits;Sports Med;2000;Vom.29No.2;73-83
12. Panel on dietetic product, nutrition and allergies; EFSA Journal 2010;8(10):1816]
13. Dysken MW, Sano M, Asthana S, Vertrees JE, Pallaki M, Llorente M, Love S, Schellenberg GD, McCarten JR, Malphurs J, Prieto S, Chen P,Loreck DJ, Trapp G, Bakshi RS, Mintzer JE, Heidebrink JL, Vidal-Cardona A, Arroyo L, Cruz AR, Zachariah S, Kowall NW, Chopra MP, Craft S, Thielke S, Turvey CL, Woodman C, Monnell KA, Gordon K, Tomaska J, Segal Y, Peduzzi PN, Guarino PD;(2014)Effect of vitamin E and memantine on functional decline in Alzheimer disease: the TEAM-AD VA cooperative randomized trial; The journal of American Medical Association; 2014;Vol1.No 311(1):33-44
14. Maria Fernanda Reis Gavazzoni Dias.;(2015)Hair Cosmetics: An Overview;Int J Trichology;2015; Vom 7No 1;2–15.
15. Trueb Ralph M.;(2006) ;Pharmacologic interventions in aging hairClinical interventions in aging;2006; Vol 1 No. 2;121
16. Kankana Roy Jain; (2018)The hair growth elixir we need in our life-Vitamin E , available at:http://www.femina.in
17. Beoy Lim Ai, Wong Jia Woei, Yuen Kah Hay;(2010) Effects of tocotrienol supplementation on hair growth in human volunteers;Tropical life sciences research;2010;Vol.21, No. 2; 91
18. Sebetic, Klaudija, Ines Sjerobabski Masnec, Vlatka Čavka, Darko Biljan, Ivan Krolo. (2008);UV damage of the hair;Collegium antropologicum;2008; Vol.32, No. 2; 163-165
19. Yoshida E, Watanabe T, Takata J, Yamazaki A, Karube Y, Kobayashi S.(2006) Topical application of a novel, hydrophilic gamma-tocopherol derivative reduces photo- inflammation in mice skin; J Invest Dermatol; 2006;Vol.126;1633–1640
20. Beharka AA, Wu D, Serafini M, Meydani SN(2002); Mechanism of vitamin E inhibition of cyclooxygenase activity in macrophages from old mice: Role of peroxynitrite; Free Radic Biol Med;2002;Vol. 32:503–11
21. Thiele JJ, Hsieh SN, Ekanayake-Mudiyanselage S. (2005); Vitamin E: Critical review of its current use in cosmetic and clinical dermatology; Dermatol Surg;2005;Vol.31:805–13
22. Jassica L E; Vitamin E oil for hair growth;Available on : http://www.alopeciafree.com

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