Solan

A REVIEW ON ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE WITH THEIR NEUROLOGICAL PATHWAYS PATHOPHYSIOLOGIC MECHANISMS & DRUG TREATMENT ON THEIR TARGET SITE

About Authors:
Ajay Kumar*1, Dr. Bharat Prashar2, Robin Sharma1
1M. Pharm (Pharmacology)
2Head of Pharmacy Department
Manav Bharti University, Solan.
*ajaykumarsharma423@hotmail.com

ABSTRACT
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, primarily manifesting as a loss of memory in old aged people. In this disease the destruction of neurons in the cortex and limbic structures of the CNS occurs, particularly in basal forebrain, amygdala, hippocampus, cerebral cortex.  These areas are associated with functions of higher learning, memory, reasoning, behaviour, identification, an emotional control in brain. Alzheimer's disease is a devastating disease whose recent increase in incidence rates has broad implications for rising health care costs. Clinically, patients initially present with short-term memory loss, subsequently followed by executive dysfunction, confusion, agitation, and behavioural disturbances. This review comprises aspects of the introduction, history, types, etiology, pathophysiologic mechanisms of neurological pathways of Alzheimer’s disease and the drug treatments and their target site.

INCIDENCE AND PREVENTION OF POSTOPERATIVE ADHESIONS

About Authors:
1Robin Sharma*, 1Ajay Kumar, 2Dr. Bharat Prashar
1M.Pharm (Pharmacology)
2Head of Pharmacy Department
Manav Bharti University, Solan.
*sharmarobin@hotmail.com

ABSTRACT
Postoperative adhesions are a significant health problem with major implications on quality of life, health care and expenses on treatment. The purpose of this review was to investigate the incidence of post operative adhesions and the treatment measures such as efficacy of preventative techniques and adhesion barriers. The National Library of Medicine, Medline and A-Z databases were used to identify articles related to postoperative adhesions. Ileal pouch–anal anastomosis, open colectomy, and open gynecologic procedures are associated with the highest risk of adhesive small-bowel obstruction (class I evidence). Based on expert opinion (class III evidence) intraoperative preventative principles, such as meticulous haemostasis, avoiding excessive tissue dissection and ischemia, and reducing remaining surgical material such as powdered gloves have been published. Laparoscopic techniques, result in fewer adhesions than laparotomy techniques (class I evidence). Available bioabsorbable barriers, such as hyaluronic acid/carboxymethylcellulose, have been shown to reduce adhesions (class I evidence). Postoperative adhesions are a significant health problem after the surgery. General intraoperative preventative techniques, laparoscopic techniques, and the use of bioabsorbable mechanical barriers in the appropriate cases reduce the incidence and severity of peritoneal adhesions and post operative adhesions.

A REVIEW ARICLE ON SYNTHESIS AND BIOLOGICAL PROPERTY OF SOME NOVEL BUTENOLIDE DERIVATIVES

About Authors:
Rajender Kumar1*,Dr.Sukhbir L.Khokara2,
1Department of Pharmacy, Manav Bharti University, Solan (H.P.) 173229
2Institute of pharmaceutical sciences, Kurukshetra University,
Kurukshetra, Harayana-136119
*rajkaushal13@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Butenolides (furanones) consist of unsaturated γ- lactone which occur in plants as glycosides. There is a group of steroids which contain α,β unsaturated butenolide ring in the side chain such steroids are known as cardenolides. The  presence of γ - lactone ring contain natural products like Goniobutenolides A & B ,Digitoxigenin and  lignans. These compound have biological properties like antibiotic, antitumor, anticonvulsant, antimicrobial and medicinal uses like fungicides, bactericides and allergic inhibitor.

1st National Conference of Emerging Trend in Pharmaceuticals Sciences at Manav Bharti University | 29-30th sep 2012

Manav Bharti University established in 2009 under the H.P. Private University (Establishment & Regulation) Act, is owned by Manav Bharti Charitable Trust with the aim to advance and disseminate the knowledge and maintain highest standard of learning through teaching, research, extension education programme and conceptual aspects relevant to the need of the state. It is located in the rural backdrop of Himachal Pradesh and is equidistant (65 Km) from both Chandigarh and Shimla, 35 Km away from Kalka Railway Station, 6 Km away from NH 22 on Kumarhatti-Sultanpur Road (State Highway 6) at Laddo in District Solan. Serene and lush green picturesque surrounding makes the campus truly environment friendly, eloquent hustle free knowledge center.

A REVIEW ON MIMOSA PUDICA: A USEFUL WEED

About Authors:
Manu Arora1*, Amanpreet Singh2
School of Pharmacy & Emerging Sciences,
Baddi University of Emerging Science & Technology,
Makhnumajra, Baddi, Distt. Solan,
Himachal Pradesh-173205, India.
*manu_cognosy@yahoo.co.in

ABSTARCT
Mimosa pudica is a weed which is commonly known as chuemue (touch me not) belongs to the family Leguminaceae.  It is found in moist and waste places. Chuemue shows nyctynastic and seismonastic movement. All parts of this plant possess different medicinal properties like dysentery, leprosy, asthma, sedative, emetic and tonic. Its aerial parts contain different secondary plant metabolites like tannins, alkaloids, glycosides, Flavonoids and saponins. This review shows presence of secondary plant metabolites and its ethnopharmacological uses.

MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES : A REVIEW

About authors:
1.Shashi Kant*, Satinder Kumar,
Research scholar department of pharmacy.
2. Dr. Bharat Prashar
HOD & Associate professor 
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
Manav Bharti University, Solan (H.P)

shashi_ranaute@yahoo.in

ABSTRACT :
In this review article we discussed about are monospecific identical immune cells that are all clones of a unique parent cell. Monoclonal antibodies have monovalent affinity, in that they bind to the same epitope.Given almost any substance, it is possible to produce monoclonal antibodies that specifically bind to that substance; they can then serve to detect or purify that substance. This has become an important tool in biochemistry, molecular the non-proprietary drug name ends in mabs,in this we discussed type of monoclonal antibodies,preparation,targeting of monoclonal antibodies as well as advantages and disadvantages of monoclonal antibodies. antibodies that are biology and medicine.

A General Overview On: Dentifrices

About Authors:
1Shashi Kant*, Satinder Kumar,
Research Scholar Department of Pharmacy.
2Dr. Bharat Prashar
HOD & Associate professor,
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
Manav Bharti University, Solan (H.P)

* shashi_ranaute@yahoo.in

Abstract:
In this general overview, we discussed about dentifrices, types of dentifrices, formulation, evaluation and its recent trends. There have been many dentifrices produced over the years, many focusing on marketing strategies to sell products, such as offering whitening capabilities. The most essential dentifrice recommended by dentists is toothpaste which is used in conjunction with a toothbrush to help remove food debris and dental plaque.

A REVIEW ON: BIOAVAILABILITY AND BIOEQUILANCE

ABOUT AUTHORS:
1 Shashi Kant*,Satinder Kumar, Rajender Kumar,
Research scholar department of pharmacy.
2 Dr. Bharat Prashar
HOD & Associate professor  Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manav Bharti University, Solan (H.P)

* shashi_ranaute@yahoo.in

ABSTRACT:-
In this review article, we discussed about Bioavailability and bioequilance study, bioavailability means rate and extent to which active ingredients absorbed from a drug product and become available at site of action. This article provides the information about important aspect involved in bioequivalence and regulatory requirement for bioequivalence study. The rate or rapidity at which drug is absorbed is important consideration in treatment of acute conditions such as asthma attack in pain. Extent of absorption is of special significance in treatment of chronic conditions like hypertension, epilepsy. In this review we discussed all the factors affecting bioavailability from its dosage form, objective/purpose of bioavailability study, design and evaluation of bioequilance study, methods of assessing of bioavailability and bioequilance etc.

STEVIA REBAUDIANA: BRINGING SWEETNESS TO YOUR LIFE WITHOUT ANY CALORIES FEAR

About Authors:
Neha Sharma*, Dr. Rajinder Kaur
Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan

* nehabtc@gmail.com

Abstract:
Main source of sugar has long been cane sugar with beet sugar contributing a very less percentage. But these sugars alongwith sweetening qualities have been found to contribute calories, which can lead to various chronic diseases. Stevia rebaudiana is one such medicinal plant which have made possible to offer consumers the sweet taste without calories. Stevia alongwith sweetner offers anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-yeast, cardiotonic, diuretic and hypoglycaemic properties. Hence there is need to study this medicinal plant to promote this natural sweetener and create product awareness. Its genetic diversity study provides better knowledge of the herb and hence its production and so that it can be used more and more by the pharmaceutical industries to serve the mankind.

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