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1Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Sankar Reddy Institute of Pharmaceutical sciences, Salakalveedu(v), Bestavaripeta(M), Prakasam (Dist) Andhra Pradesh, India
2Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Sankar Reddy Institute of Pharmaceutical sciences, Salakalveedu(v), Bestavaripeta(M), Prakasam (Dist) Andhra Pradesh, India
3Department of Pharmaceutics, Sankar Reddy Institute of Pharmaceutical sciences, Salakalveedu(v), Bestavaripeta(M),Prakasam(Dist) Andhra Pradesh, India
4Department of Pharmaceutics, Sankar Reddy Institute of Pharmaceutical sciences, Salakalveedu(v), Bestavaripeta(M), Prakasam(Dist) Andhra Pradesh, India

The present research work deals with the development  and validation of  stability indicating RP-HPLC method for the simultaneous estimation of Aceclofenac and Drotaverin.HCl in bulk and formulation. Chromatographic separation was achieved on ODS HG-5 RP   C18(250 X 4.6 mm, 5 µm) using the mobile phase consisting of Acetonitrile and1% triethylamine (TEA) in the ratio of 90:10 pH  2.16 adjusted with Ortho phosphoric acid. The mobile phase was pumped at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min and UV detection was observed  at 224 nm. The retention time was found to be 3.57 min for Aceclofenac and 6.15 min for Drotaverin.HCl. The linearity concentrations are obtained from in the range of 30-70 µg/ml for Aceclofenac and 24-56 µg/ml for Drotaverin.HCl respectively with correlation coefficient was 0.999 and 0.998. The proposed method was found to be simple, accurate, precise and reproducible and developed method can be suggest to routine quality control analysis for simultaneous estimation of Aceclofenac and Drotaverin.HCl in pharmaceutical dosage forms.

Reference Id: PHARMATUTOR-ART-2647

PharmaTutor (Print-ISSN: 2394 - 6679; e-ISSN: 2347 - 7881)

Volume 7, Issue 02

Received On: 23/01/2019; Accepted On: 25/01/2019; Published On: 01/02/2019

How to cite this article: Padma, A., Girija, D., Reddy, A.T. and Reddy, B.V. 2019. Validated Stability Indicating RP-HPLC method for the Simultaneous Estimation of Drotaverin HCl & Aceclofenac in Bulk and Formulation. PharmaTutor. 7, 2 (Feb. 2019), 55-60. DOI:

Aceclofenac chemically known as 2-[[2-[2-[(2, 6-dichlorophenyl) amino] phenyl] acetyl] oxy] acetic acid. It is a largely based on the inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. Aceclofenac is a potent inhibitor of the enzyme cyclooxygenase, which is involved in the production of prostaglandins. It inhibits synthesis of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1 and tumor necrosis factor and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production (Budavari,1997).

Structure of Aceclofenac

Fig 1: Structure of Aceclofenac

Drotaverin  HCl chemically known as (1Z)-1-[(3,4-diethoxyphenyl)methylidene]-6,7-diethoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline.It is a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4, and has no anticholinergic effects. Drotaverin  has been shown to possess dose-dependant analgesic effects in animal models. One small study has shown drotaverin to be eliminated mainly non-renally (Mahajan VK et al, 2006).

Structure of Drotaverin.HCl

Fig 2: Structure of Drotaverin.HCl

Extensive survey of literature very few methods have been reported for the quantification of Aceclofenac and Drotaverin in invidully and combined dosage form by using UV (Jameelunnisa B and Abdul R , 2008)  and RP-HPLC (Bolaji O et al, 1993)( Rasagna A et al, 2014) methods. Then need to develop  simple, precise, accurate, robust and cost effective stability indicating RP-HPLC method for the simultaneous estimation of Aceclofenac and Drotaverin in bulk and pharmaceutical dosage form.


Chemical and Regents
Working standards of Aceclofenac and drotaverin were procured form gift sample of Flemingo Laboratories Ltd, Pune. HPLC grade acetonitrile and water was purchased from Merck laboratories, Mumbai. AR grade triethylamine was manufactured by SD Fine chemicals limited.

Instrument used
The liquid chromatographic system made up of Hitachi LaChrome HPLC Model-1575 consists of UV-VIS detector, binary pump and septum injector valve with 20 μl fixed loop. The analytes were monitored at 224 nm. Chromatographic analysis was performed on ODS HG-5 RPC18 column having 250 mm× 4.6 mm i.d. and 5 μm particle size.

Preparation of Mobile phase
Pipette out 2 ml of TEA and then dissolve in 200ml of HPLC grade water .Then adjust the PH to 2.16 with diluted ortho phosphoric acid. Mixture of Acetonitrile and TEA in the ratio of 90:10% v/v was prepared and used. Before preceding the analysis mobile phase was degssed by sonicator and filtered with 0.45 µ membrane filter.

Preparation of standard solution
About 100 mg of Aceclofenacand 60 mg of   Drotaverin.HCl were weighed and transferred into a 100 mL volumetric flask containing 25 mL of water. The solution was stirred for 5 minutes and made up with a further quantity of the mobile phase to get 0.1mg/mL and 0.5 mg/mL Aceclofenac and  Drotaverin.HCl respectively. This solution was further diluted to get required concentrations during study.

Preparation of Sample Solution:
Aceclofenac and  Drotaverin. HClcombined dosage form was purchased from the Local market. 20 tablet are individually weighed and powdered. Drug equivalent to 10 mg of Aceclofenac and  Drotaverin tablet powder transferred into 10 ml volumetric flask dissolved in 7 ml of mobile phase . The contents of the flask were sonicated for about 20 min for complete solubility of the drug and the volume was made up to 10 mL with mobile phase. Then the mixture was filtered through 0.45μ membrane filter. The mean peak areas of the drugs were calculated and the drug content in the formulation was calculated.

Table 1: Optimized Chromatographic Conditions

Fig 3: Optimized Chromatogram of Aceclofenac and Drotaverin

Method validation was done for the according to ICH guidelines Q2(R1). Method validation parameters like Specificity, Linearity, Accuracy, Precision, Robustness and System suitability.

The system suitability for specificity was carried out to determine whether there is any interference of any impurities in retention time of analytical peak. The study was performed under Different conditions like Acid, Base, Heat and H2O2. Finally it calculates the how much amount of the drug degraded. The specificity data was shown in table 2.

System suitability:
The system performance parameters obtained from system suitability test were found to be within limits for Drotaverin.Hcl &Aceclofenac indicated that the developed method is precise. The results were shown in table 3.

The data obtained in the calibration studies when subjected to linear-regression analysis showed a linear relationship between peak areas and concentrations in the range of 24-56 µg/ml for Drotaverin and 30-70µg/ml for Aceclofenac. The linearity of calibration graphs and adherence of the system to Beer’s law was validated by high value of correlation coefficient. The data of regression analysis and calibration curve were shown in Table 4 and Figure 4 &5.

The recoveries obtained were indicating that the method was accurate. Commonly used formulation excipients were subjected to chromatographic analysis and it was observed that there was no interfering peak at the retention time of Drotaverin.HCl& Aceclofenac.The accuracy of the test method was demonstrated by preparing recovery samples (i.e., test Sample) with known quantities at the level of 80%, 100% and 120% of target concentration.

10 ml of standard stock solution was diluted in 100 ml standard volumetric flask. up  to volume with diluent.Precision was demonstrated by prepared six sample preparations as per the test method representing a single batch. Repeat the same procedure for remaining six preparations.% RSD to be tabulated with obtained readings in tabular form5 and 6.

The robustness of the method was assessed by assaying test solutions under different analytical conditions deliberately changed from the original conditions. For each different analytical condition the standard solution and test solution were prepared separately. The result obtained from assay of the test solution was not affected by varying the conditions and was in accordance with the true value. System suitability data were also found to be satisfactory during variation of the analytical conditions. The analytical method therefore remained unaffected by slight but deliberate changes in the analytical conditions. The results obtained for selected factors remained unaffected by small variations of these parameters indicated that the method was robust.

Flow variation:
Robustness of test method was demonstrated by injecting system suitability and test preparation under normal condition (i.e. as such condition) and each of the altered conditions mentioned below

Change in flow rate to 1.0± 0.1 mL



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Correlation coefficient of the linearity study was found to R2 =0.998 and 0.999 with linear regression equation Y=46573X+5706 for Drotaverin and Y=161434X-32034 for Aceclofenac, which proves the method was linear.
As the recovery results are found between 98.0% to 102.0%, the study proves that the
Method is accurate for the estimation.
The %RSD of areas from six preparations precision level should not be more than 2.0%.

Table 2: Observation of Specificity data of the proposed method

Table 3: System suitability results

Table 4: Linearity results for Aceclofenac and Drotaverin

Fig 4: Calibration curve of Drotaverin

Fig 5: Calibration Curve of Aceclofenac

Table 5: Precision results for Aceclofenac

Precision results for Aceclofenac

Table 6: Precision results for Drotaverin

Precision results for Drotaverin

Table 7: Results for Robustness

Results for Robustness

A simple, precise, robust and cost effective stability indicting RP-HPLC method has been developed & validated for the analysis of Drotaverine and Acceclofenac API. Based on peak purity results, obtained from the analysis of samples using described method, it can be concluded that the absence of co-eluting peak along with the main peak of Drotaverine &Acceclofenac indicated that the developed method is specific for the estimation of Drotaverine &Acceclofenac. Further the proposed RP-HPLC method has excellent sensitivity, precision and  reproducibility. Even though no attempt has been made to identify the degraded products proposed method can be used as a stability indicating method for assay of Drotaverine and Acceclofenac in commercial formulations.

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