SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC DETERMINATION OF ROSUVASTATIN CALCIUM IN MARKETED FORMULATION

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About Authors
Narsinh N. Potdar*, Pranita P. Kore, Rishikesh V. Antre
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry,
JSPM’s Charak College of Pharmacy and Research, Wagholi,
Pune-Nagar Road, Pune-412 207 (India)

*narsinh_potdar@rediffmail.com

Abstract
Three new simple, economic spectrophotometric methods were developed for quantitative estimation of Rosuvastatin Calcium in bulk formulation. First method includes determination of Rosuvastatin Calcium at absorption maxima 252 nm, second method applied was area under curve for analysis of Rosuvastatin Calcium in the wavelength range of 247-257 nm and third method was first order derivative. Beer law obeyed in the concentration range of 5-35 μg/ml for all three methods. The correlation coefficients were found to be 0.974, 0.982 and 0.982by absorption maxima, area under curve and first order derivative spectra. Results of analysis were validated statistically and by performing recovery studies. The mean percent recoveries were found satisfactory for all three methods. The percentage label claim was found in the range of 100.28% to 101.01% .The proposed method was validated statistically and recovery studies.

Reference Id: PHARMATUTOR-ART-1963

INTRODUCTION:
Rosuvastatin calcium is Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor (NRTIs), anti-retroviral drug. Chemically it is 1-(6-aminopurin-9-yl) propan-2-yloxymethylphosphoric acid1,2. Extensive literature review reveals that several spectrophotometric, UV3,4,5,6,7,8, HPLC6,9,10,11,12 and HPTLC13,14 methods have been reported so far for determination of Rosuvastatin Calcium alone and its combination with other drugs. Therefore, it was thought worthwhile to develop simple, accurate and reliable spectrophotometric method for estimation of Rosuvastatin Calcium in bulk and in tablet dosage form using methanol as a solvent. All the chemicals used were of analytical grade. Spectral and absorbance measurement were made on Shimadzu Double beam UV-Visible spectrophotometer 1800 with 10 mm matched quartz cells.

EXPERIMENTAL
Shimadzu UV-1800 double beam spectrophotometer with 1 cm path length supported by Shimadzu UV-Probe software, version 2.35 was used for all spectrophotometric estimations.

Shimadzu balance (BL-220H) was used for all weighing. Rosuvastatin Calcium was obtained from Emcure Pharmaceutical Industry, Bhosari, Pune for providing the pure drug samples of rosuvastatin calcium.

Standard stock solution
Solution containing 100 μg/ml of pure drug was prepared by dissolving 10 mg of Rosuvastatin calcium in sufficient methanol to produce 100 ml solution in volumetric flask. From this aliquot solution was pipetted out and diluted with methanol to obtained working standard stock solution of 100 μg/ml.

Analysis of the tablet formulation
Six tablets were accurately weighed and powdered. A portion of tablet powder equivalent to 100 mg of rosuvastatin calcium was accurately weighed and transferred into a 100 ml volumetric flask and to this 25 ml of methanol added. The solution was sonicated for 20 min and filtered through Whatman filter paper 41. The final volume was made up to 100 ml with methanolto obtained concentration of 1 mg/ml rosuvastatin calcium. It was further diluted for the analysis, to obtained concentration in the range of 5-35 μg/ml. The results of the analysis of tablet formulation were found to be 100.48±0.29,101.38±0.015 and 101.05±0.02 for absorption maxima, area under curve method and first order derivative spectra respectively.

RECOVERY
A recovery study was carried out by addition of known amount of standard drug in the preanalysed tablet formulation, in 80%, 100% and 120% of label claim. At each level of amount three determinations were performed.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Absorption maxima method
For selection of analytical wavelength 10 μg/ml solution of rosuvastatin calcium was prepared by appropriate dilution of standard stock solution and scanned in the spectrum mode from 400-200 nm. From the spectra λmax of rosuvastatin calcium 252 nm was selected for the analysis (Figure 1 and Figure 2).The calibration curve was prepared in the concentration range of 5-35 μg/ml at 252 nm. By using calibration curve, the concentration of the sample solution was determined.

Figure 1. Zero order UV-spectrum of Rosuvastatin Calcium

Figure 2. Overlain Spectra of Rosuvastatin Calcium

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