COMMONLY USED MEDICINAL PLANTS IN TEHSIL PACHHAD, DISTRICT SIRMOUR, HIMACHAL PRADESH

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Shubham Sharma*1, Monika Rana2
1Abhilashi College of Pharmacy, Mandi (H.P)
2Abhilashi University, Mandi (H.P)
Shubhamcoolsharma045@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Himachal Pradesh is located in Western Himalaya, is a store house of medicinal plants. Most of the population lives in villages and use various plants for their basic needs such as food, fodder, wood and to treat various diseases.  The present study is carried out in district Sirmour of Himachal Pradesh, regarding the ethno medicinal plants used by the locals in their own traditional health system. This study reveals the status of ethno-medicinal plants and their importance preserved by locals of Distt Sirmour. The paper encompasses the 43 medicinal plants. These plants were collected from different villages of Sirmour Distt and information was collected from locals peoples.

REFERENCE ID: PHARMATUTOR-ART-2397

PharmaTutor (Print-ISSN: 2394 - 6679; e-ISSN: 2347 - 7881)

Volume 4, Issue 3

Received On: 02/10/2015; Accepted On: 09/10/2015; Published On: 01/03/2016

How to cite this article: Sharma S, Rana M; Commonly used Medicinal Plants in Tehsil Pachhad, District Sirmour, Himachal Pradesh; PharmaTutor; 2016; 4(3); 34-38

INTRODUCTION:
The diverse culture of our country is a rich sources of traditional medicines, many of which are plant origin [1]. Traditional folklore knowledge is a treasure of India, plays an important role in rural Population. Traditional medicines are used by our ancestors since time long for their well being and transmitted orally from one generation to another. It provides systematic knowledge about tradition, culture and other aspects in social life [2]. Western Himalaya is a reservoir of many natural resources, of which vegetational aspect is predominant [3]. Today about 65% of Indian population depend on the traditional system of medicine [4]. They diagnose and cure different diseases through their own traditional knowledge [5].

Sirmour  (meaning crown of head) district is almost entirely a hilly and mountainous district with an interacting mosaic of mountains ranges, hills and valleys.  Covering an area of 2.825 Km2. The main tribes if this district is Gujjar and language spoken is Hindi and Pahari.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
During the survey all plant specimens were collected, identified. The present study was conducted in distt. Sirmour, of Himachal Pradesh. The information regarding the plants was gathered by the personal interview with experienced local persons, and with the help of various ayurvedic books.The plant specimens were collected and pressed in the blotting paper for removal of moisture, then the herbarium sheet is prepared.  Data related to each ethno botanical aspects were collected from local people of that area. After gathering the complete information on ethno- medicinal plants the data were analyzed and compiled with related literature and then the report was documented.

RESULT
Total 44 medicinal plants were studied in Distt Sirmour forest, are very valuable medicinal plants which are already known for their medicinal values. Most of them were commonly cultivated in crop filed; some were found in village surrounding, forest area and wasteland. These plants are used commonly in every house. Among these plant species, the maximum plants were use for cough and cold, skin problems, in inflammation, burns, cut and wounds, and some plants species in addition to their medicinal importance are of cultural and religious importance. Plants used by locals were tabulated in alphabetical order of family, botanical name, uses and using procedure (Table 1) and shown in (Figure 1)

CONCLUSION
Plants have been used for health and medicinal purpose for several thousand years. In olden days folklore based ethno botanical knowledge has been used widely to treat disease. A majority of the world population in developing countries still relies on herbal medicines to meets its health needs, even in areas where modern medicines are available, the interest on herbal medicines and their utilization have been increasing rapidly in recent years. Medicinal plants were playing a vital role in curing health. Vaidhyas and other knowledgeable persons have been keeping huge traditional as well as indigenous knowledge about medicinal plants in perspective of their identification, ethno-medicinal uses and using procedures since long time. Hence, there is an urgent need to conserve their indigenous as well as traditional through documented literature and proper interaction with younger generation.

TABLE 1: List of Plants [6,7,8,9]

S .No

Plants Name

Family

Local Name

Uses


1. 

Abelmoschus esculentus

Malvaceae

Bhindi

Fresh seeds are grounded and applied on wounds externally.

2. 

Acacia catechu

Fabaceae

Khair

Wood used to relieve from throat infection and cough, fresh root is applied on the joint to treat rheumatism.

3.     

Achyranthus aspera


Amaranthaceae

Puthkanda, Apamarg

Crushed seeds applied on bleeding

piles. Fresh stem is chewed for toothache.

4.     

Ajuga paviflora

Lamiaceae

Nilkanthi

Root and leaf part used in ear ach, dysentery and in fever

5.

Allium cepa

Alliaceae

Pyaz

Used as ear drop in ear ach, and in indigestion

6.

Allium sativumLinn.

Amaryllidaceae 

Lahsun

 Bulb used Joint pain, used as ear drop in ear ach

7.

Aloe vera

Liliaceae

Kawarpetha

Juice of aloe vera applied on burn skin during sunburn.

8.     

Asparagus racemosus

Asparagaceae

Shatavari

Used for infertility

9.

Bauhinia variegata Linn

Fabaceae

Karale, Kachnar

Mouth ulcers, Roots, Flowers part   used in diarrhea, skin disease, in piles

10. 

Berberis lycium

Berberidaceae

Kashmal

Roots  and barks used in leprosy

11. 

Burchellia bubalina

Rubiaceae

Dadu

The roots provide an infusion

12.

Cannabis sativa

Cannabaceae

Bhang

Whole plant used as Narcotics, Sedative, anti-inflammatory

13. 

Carica papaya

Caricaceae

Papita

Used as fruit, in diabetes

14.

Cedrus dodara

Pinaceae

Dyar

Bark used as antidote in snake poisoning, piles, kidney stone, diuretic

15.

Centella asiatica

Apiaceae

Brahmi

Throat pain,  nervine tonic, memory enhancer, improve healing

16. 

Citrus limonis

Rutaceae

Nimbu

Juice is taken orally for indigestion, and as facial purpose

17.

Coriandrum sativum

Apiaceae

Dhaniya

Fresh juice applied on scalp to treat

dandruff.

18.

Curcuma longa

Zingiberaceae

Haldi

Wound healing and in inflammation,

paste of fresh rhizome mixed with warm water is given to heal up internal wounds

19.

Cuscuta reflexa

Convolvulaceae

Akashbel

Stem are used to abortion at early stage of pregnancy

20.

Datura stromonium

Solanaceae

Datura

Used for the purpose of worship of God Shiva.

21.

Dalbergia sisoo

Fabaceae

Shisham

Leaves used as Blood purifier

22.

Dioscorea deltoida

Dioscoriaceae

Taradi

Anti-inflammatory, dietary modulator

23.

Euphorbia heliscopia

Euphorbiaceae

Dudhali

Skin eruption, cholrea, and having anticancer activity

24.

Fagopurum esculentum

Polygonaceae

Ogla

Roots used in typhoid

25.

Fennel

Umbelliferae

Sounf, Dhansoya

Help in digestion, and also used

26.

Mangifera indica

Anacardiaceae

Aam

Used as pickle.

27. 

Mentha sylvestris

Lamiaceae

Pudina

Juice in diarrhoea, indigestion, remove bad smell of mouth, antispasmodic

28. 

Morchella esculenta

Morchellaceae

Guchi, dunglu

Indigestion,

Immunoregulatory, Antiviral, antioxidant

29. 

Morus nigra

Moraceae

Sehtoot, chimu

Hallucinogenic


30. 

Murraya koenigii

Rutaceae

Gandala, Karripata

Tooth brush

31.

Myrica esculanta

Myricaceae

Kaphal

Stomach disorder, respiratory disorder

32. 

Ocimum sanctum

Lamiaceae 

Tulsi

cough and cold; leaves boil with water and used as green tea, which effective in reducing stress

33. 

Phyllanthus emblica

Euphorbiaceae

Amla

Source of vitamin c, tonic for pregnant womens

34.

Pinus roxburghin

Pinaceae

Chil

Skin problems, cough, ulcers, wounds, cold influenza.

35. 

Prunus persica

Rosaceae

Aru

Astringent

36. 

Psidium guajava

Myrtaceae

Amrud

Branch lets used as toothbrush, fruit is used in controlling blood pressure

37. 

Rododendron arboretum

Ericaceae

Bras

Flowers used in diarrhea.

38.

Rubus hypargyrus

Rosaceae

Aakhe

Laxative

39.

Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn

Sapindaceae

Ritha

Crushed rind used for hair wash.

40.

Tinospora cordifolia

Menispermaceae

Giloe, Gulaje

Joints pain, tonic, antiperiodic

41. 

Viola sepens

Violaceae

Banfsha

In cold and cough

42. 

Withania somniferum

Solanaceae

Ashwagandha

Improve fertility in male

43.

Zanthoxylum alatum

Rutaceae

Tirmira

Toothache, fever, carminative, tonic, remove bad smell from teeth.

44.

Ziziphus mauritiana

Rhamnaceae

Ber

Pulmonary ailments

Figure 1: Plants used by locals



REFERENCES
1. Munish Kumar,  Bandu Sharma; Commonly used medicinal plants in Tehsil Baijnath, district Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India; Research in Pharmacy; 2014; 4(2); 11-15
2. Randhava N.K; Ethno-Botanical Study of Medicinal Plants Used in Ramdass, Ajanala. District of Amritsar; Punjab. Int. J. Pharm. Biomed. Res.; 2013; 4(3); 911-913.
3. Singh G, Rawat G S. Ethnomedicinal Survey of Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary in Western Himalaya, India. Ind J Fund Appl Life Sci., 2011; 1(1); 35-46.
4. Timmermans K;  Intellectual property rights and traditional medicine: Policy dilemmas at the interface; World Health Organization, Jakarta.; 2003.
5. Hafeel A, Shankar D; Revitalizing indigenous health practices; COMPAS Newsletter 1999; 28-29.
6. Sharma P. Dravyaguna Vigyan. Published by Chokhamba Bharti Academy Varanasi 2005;108,407,430,519.
7. Paranjpe P. Indian Medicinal Plant (Forgotten healers). Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan Delhi 2012; 71,118,133,278.
8. Sharma D.P. Banoshadi Shatak; Published by Shri Baidyanath Ayurveda Bahawan Ltd. Kolkata 2013; 17, 96, 104, 130, 160, 212.
9. Shastri, J.S. Banoshadi Sangrah; Published by Chaukhamba vabharti, Varanasi, 2009; 13, 30, 46, 60, 94, 112, 119, 129, 137, 147, 149, 152, 171.

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