Naturally Occurring Mycotoxins – Aflatoxin
PharmaTutor (November- 2013)
Received On: 05/10/2013; Accepted On: 28/10/2013; Published On: 25/11/2013
Department of Pharmaceutics,
Geetanjali Institute of Pharmacy,
Dabok, Udaipur, Rajasthan – 313022
ABSTRACT: A toxin produced by mold that can damage the liver and may lead to liver cancer. Aflatoxins cause cancer in some animals. The fungi that produce aflatoxin grow on crops such as peanuts (especially) and wheat, corn, beans and rice. Aflatoxin is a problem particularly in undeveloped and developing countries.
Aflatoxin is a naturally occurring mycotoxin produced by two types of mold: Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. Aspergillus flavus is common and widespread in nature and is most often found when certain grains are grown under stressful conditions such as drought. The mold occurs in soil, decaying vegetation, hay, and grains undergoing microbiological deterioration and invades all types of organic substrates whenever and wherever the conditions are favorable for its growth. Favorable conditions include high moisture content and high temperature. At least 13 different types of aflatoxin are produced in nature with aflatoxin B1 considered as the most toxic. While the presence of Aspergillus flavus does not always indicate harmful levels of aflatoxin it does mean that the potential for aflatoxin production is present.
How to cite this article: Sahu D, Naturally Occurring Mycotoxin -Aflatoxin, PharmaTutor, 2013, 1(1), 39-52