THERAPEUTIC POTENTIAL AND FUTURE PROSPECT OF PSIDIUM GUAJAVA LINN

Pharma Admission

pharma admission

 

Amazonia
for diarrhea, dysentery, menstrual disorders, stomachache,vertigo.

Brazil-
For anorexia, cholera, diarrhea, digestive problems, dysentery, gastric insufficiency, inflamed mucous Membranes, laryngitis, mouth(swelling), skin problems, sore throat, ulcers, vaginal discharge.

Cuba-
For colds, dysentery, dyspepsia.

Ghana
Coughs,  diarrhea, dysentery, toothache.

Haiti-
For  dysentery, diarrhea, epilepsy, itch, piles, scabies, skin sores, sore throat, stomachache, wounds and as an antiseptic and astringent.

India-
For anorexia, cerebral ailments, childbirth, chorea convulsions, epilepsy, nephritis, jaundice.

Malaya-
For dermatitis, diarrhea, epilepsy, hysteria, menstrual disorders.

Mexico-
For deafness, diarrhea, itch, scabies, stomachache, swelling, ulcer, worms, wounds.

Peru-
For conjunctivitis, cough, diarrhea, digestive problems, dysentery, edema, gout, hemorrhages, gastroenteritis, gastritis, lung problems, PMS, shock, vaginal discharge, vertigo, vomiting, worms.

Philippines
For  sores, wounds and as an astringent.

Trinidad-
For bacterial infections, blood cleansing, diarrhea and   dysentery.

HABITATE
*    The Psidium guajava L. thrives well at an altitude of 2740 m above sea level.
*    It prefers full sun but requires at least partial sunlight.
*    The plant grows best in average summer temperatures of over 150 C, but cannot withstand intense  heat. Only light frost can be tolerated.
*    It produces more fruit in areas with distinct winter season.
*    The annual rainfall required is between 1000 to 20000 mm, although it is draught tolerant.
*    Tolerates many different soil types, but prefers slightly acidic soils with good drainage.

It tolerates soil pH of 4.5-9.4, but prefers a range of 5-7.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

TABLE NO. 1


NUTRITIONAL VALUE
Guavas are often included among  superfruits ,being rich in dietary fiber, vitamins A and C, folic acid, and the dietary minerals, potassium, copper and manganese. Having a generally broad, low-calorie profile of essential nutrients, A single common guava (P. guajava) fruit contains about four times the amount of vitamin C as an orange.

Guavas contain both carotenoids and polyphenols – the major classes of antioxidant pigments – giving them relatively high potential antioxidant value among plant foods. As these pigments produce the fruit skin and flesh color, guavas that are red-orange have more pigment content as polyphenol, carotenoid and pro-vitamin A,retinoid sources than yellow-green ones.

Nutrition content of Guava

TABLE NO. 2

S.no.

Nutrients

Quantity

1

Calories

77.86g

2

Moisture

2.8-5.5g

3

Crude fiber

0.9-1.0g

4

Protein

0.1-0.5g

5

Fat

0.43-  0.7g

6

Carbohydrates

9.1-17mg

7

Calcium

17.8-30mg

8

phosphorus

0.30-0.70mg

10

Iron

200-400I.U.

11

Carotene(vita-A)

0.046mg

12

Thiamin

0.03-0.04mg

13

Riboflavin

0.6-1.068mg

14

Niacin

40 I.U.

15

Vitamin B3

35 I.U.

16

Vitamin G4

30-50mg

THERAPEUTIC POTENTIAL


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