FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF HERBAL CREAM
*1Bhuwanchandra Joshi, 2Mr.Nardev Singh
1 Division of Pharmaceutical Science, SGRRITS
Division of Pharmaceutical Science
Shri Guru Ram Rai Institute Of Technology And Sciences,
Patel Nagar, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
The cosmetics are the utility product used extensively throughout the world for maintaining and improving general appearance of face and other part of body e.g. skin, eye, hair, hand, etc. herbal cosmetics are the preparation which represent cosmetics associated with active bio-ingredients, neutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals.
Cosmetics are products that are used to cleanse and beautify the skin. The first recorded use of cosmetics is attributed to Egyptians in 4000 B.C. Pharmaceuticals are essentially drug products and are defined as products that prevent, mitigate, treat or cure disease and affect the structure or function of the body.
By the European directive (European commission).The cosmetic products are defined as“ any substance or preparation intended to be placed in contract with the various external parts of human body (epidermis, hair system, nails, lips, etc) or with the teeth and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity with a view exclusively or mainly to cleaning them perfuming them changing their appearance or correcting body odours and the protecting them or keeping them and good conditions.1
The cosmetics, according to the Drugs and Cosmetics Act is defined as articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled or sprayed on, introduced into or otherwise applied to the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness or altering the appearance.
REFERENCE ID: PHARMATUTOR-ART-1636
Cosmetics industry includes very dark chapters in European and Western countries from about six centuries back. During the past decades, there has been a dramatic increase in the use of natural products in cosmetics. A wide range of active principle of various plants and animals including vitamins, hormones, phyto-hormones, bioflavonoids, enzymes, tannic acid, fruit acids, amino acids, sugars, glycosides, essential oils and dye stuffs are being considered useful in herbal cosmetic formulations. The use of phyto-chemicals from a variety of botanicals has dual function, they serve as cosmetics for the care of body. The botanical ingredients present influence biological functions of skin and provide nutrients necessary for the healthy skin or hair.
The literature in ayurveda, especially chark samhita stated numerous medicinal plant in varnya kashaya. The herb like chandun, haldi, khas, nagkheshara, manjistha, yastimadhu, are used to obtained glowing complexion and arusa, amla, bavchi, guduchi, chakmard are mentioned as kustaharan. Herbs like amalaki, haridra, khadira, vidyanga, jati saptaparna, karavira of various potential from khshthagna and mahakashiya are mentioned effective in skin disorder. Herbs used in cosmetics preparation have varieties of properties like Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptics and Antibacterial etc.2
Herbal cosmetics also known as “natural cosmetics”. With the beginning of the civilization, mankind had the magnetic dip towards impressing others with their looks. At the time, there were no fancy fairness creams or any cosmetic surgeries.The only thing they had was the knowledge of nature, compiled in the ayurveda. With the science of Ayurveda, several herbs and floras were used to make Ayurvedic cosmetics that really worked. Ayurvedic cosmetics not only beautified the skin but acted as the shield against any kind of external affects for the body.
Ayurvedic cosmetics also known as the herbal cosmetics have the same estimable assets in the modern era as well. There is a wide gamut of the herbal cosmetics that are manufactured and commonly used for daily purposes. Herbal cosmetics like herbal face wash, herbal conditioner, herbal soaps, herbal shampoo, and many more are highly acclaimed by the masses.
The best thing of the herbal cosmetics is that it is purely made by the herbs and shrubs.The natural content in the herbs does not have any side effects on the human body, instead enrich the body with nutrients and other useful minerals. Herbal cosmetics are comprised of floras like ashwagandha, sandal (chandan), saffron (kesar) and many more that is augmented with healthy nutrient sand all the other necessary components.
Cosmetics are the products in which herbs are used in crude or extract form. The basic idea of skin care cosmetic lies deep in the Rigveda, Yajurveda, Ayurveda, Unani and Homeopathic system of medicine. In this modern era, the knowledge and experience of usage of herbs are being blend with advanced cosmetic technology to develop a safe and elegant beauty product, which has wider range of people acceptability. Basically it is beauty invented by nature and perfected through technology.3
Herbs have the advantage of having no or least adverse effect and have a wide spectrum of consumer compliance. The herbal cosmetic market has a share of almost Rs 200 crores out of an estimated Rs 2000 crores of total cosmetic industry in the country. The total cosmetic market is growing at the rate of 20-25% per annum. Out of this growth about 60% is that of herbal cosmetic segment.
Herbal extracts in liquid and other forms have proved to be panacea in the diseases like cardiac problems, digestive disorders and in mental fatigues. In some cases, herbal extracts accuracy was detected more than English medicines which are usually comprised of complex chemicals. Herbal extracts have very less chances of side effects than any other medicines. That as why herbal extracts are said to be common man same Medicines and drugs.Herbal extracts have shown commercial aspects as well. Herbal extracts are cultivated all over the world and is prime name in horticulture sector. In the present, masses are drifting towards nature and several cosmetics, fashionable items and others are prepared from it. Cosmetics made up of herbal extracts for Antimarks, fairness, cleansing and hair-care are very popular for their reliability.
Later the liquefied juice is mixed with essential substances to prepare the herbal extracts. There exist a gigantic variety of herbal extracts, to name a few Andrographis Paniculata (Kalmegh), Asparagus Racemosus (Shatawari), Boswellia Serrata (Salai Guggal), Asphalt (Shilajit) etc. Some other frequently used herbal extracts are Azadirachta Indica (Neem),Bacopa Monnieri (Brahmi), Camellia Sinensis (Green tea) etc. In addition to this Centella Asiatica (Mandukparni),Cassia Angustifolia (Seena), Chlorophytum Borivilianum (Safed Musli) are some of the prime herbal extracts used.
Herbal cosmetics are maintained in effective manner with following benefits:-
* Being natural, least harmful effect on the skin or other body part.
* Relatively more safe.
* More placebo effect to the consumers due to its use in tradition and culture.
* Flexibility in formulation.
* Population proves effects from ancient time.
* Easy availiability.4
According to market survey the global market for cosmetics and toiletries reached nearly $150 billoin in 2004,increase by more then 4 percent 2003, which highlight major growth in key developing market.
The herbal market has been boosted by increasing demand for natural alternative medicines, world demand for herbal product has been growing at the rate of 10% -15% per annum. The medicinal plant related trade in india alone is approximately Rs.5.5 billion.World health organization (WHO) has forcasted that the global market for herbal product would be worth $5 trillion by the year 2050.Global sales of herbal product are expected to reach $26.2 billion dollars in 2007. Europe and the united states are the two major herbal product markets in the world, with a market share of 41 percant and 20 percent respectively.
According to world bank the global market of medicinal plant and their products includes the potential sectors of Pharmaceuticals, Neutraceutical, Cosmeceuticals to be estimated of worth US$62 billion, offers a plethora of opportunities for the Indian pharma and cosmetics companies.
Today a new hot topic in the cosmetic industry is ‘cosmeceuticals’, which is the fastest growing segment of the natural personal care industry. Cosmeceuticals are topical cosmetic pharmaceutical hybrids intended to enhance the beauty through ingredients that provide additional health-related function or benefit. They are applied topically as cosmetics, but contain ingredients that influence the skin’s biological function.
These Cosmeceuticals, serving as a bridge between personal care products and pharmaceuticals, have been developed specifically for their medicinal and cosmetic benefits. Tracing the origin of cosmetics, the first recorded use of cosmetics is attributed to Egyptians, circa 4000 BC. The ancient Sumerians, Babylonians, and Hebrews also applied cosmetics.
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