ASSESS THE CLINICAL USAGE OF NEBULIZATION THERAPY AND ANTIBIOTICS IN IN-PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE: A RANDOMIZED PROSPECTIVE STUDY AT A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL
According to the plan of work, Rationality of prescriptions are evaluated by using the WHO core drug prescribing indicators, which resulted as:
a. Average number of drugs per encounter: 11 drugs
b. Percentage of encounters with an antibiotic: 25.2%
c. Percentage of encounters with an injection: 30.3%
d. Percentage of encounters with nebulizer: 17.7%
Population Description: A total of 102 patients with presumed/confirmed COPD. The Mean Age of males was 67 years and females was 61 years and the standard deviation of males was 13 years and female was 15 years. Of the population, 84% were males and 16% were females, 41% were smokers and 59% were non-smokers. The main demographic and clinical characteristics, co-morbidities have been described later.
Table 3: Distribution Of Subjects Based Upon Age In COPD (%)
Figure 3: Doughnut Presentation Of Distribution Of Subjects Based Upon Age In COPD(%)
Table 4: Statistical Presentation of the age group data by Column Statistics
Table 5: Distribution Of Subjects Based Upon Gender In COPD (%)
Figure 4: Column Presentation Of Distribution Of Subjects Based On Gender In COPD(%)
Among The Study Population, 86 Individuals Were Found To Be Males And 16 Individuals Were Females.
Table 6: Distribution Of Subjects Based Upon Social History In COPD (%)
Figure 5: Column Presentation Of Distribution Of Subjects Based Upon Social History In COPD (%)
Among the study population, 28 individuals were alcoholics, 74 were non-alcoholics and 42 of individuals were smokers, 60 were non-smokers.
Table 7: Distribution Of Subjects Based Upon Culture Sensitivity Test In COPD (%)
Figure 6: Column Presentation Of Percentage Of Culture Sensitivity Test In COPD (%)
Among the study population, 24 patients were found positive for Culture Test.
Figure 7: Bar Presentation of Percentages of Microbes in COPD(%)
Out of 24 patients, Klebsiella Pneumonia was found in 18 patients (75%) and Candida Albicans was found in 6 patients (25%).
Table 9: Percentage of Drugs Used in COPD (%)
Figure 8: Line presentation of percentage of drugs used in COPD
Among the study population, the most commonly used Bronchodilator is Duolin with a percentage of 96.00% and the most commonly used Antibiotic is Magnex Forte with a percentage of 41.10%.
Figure 9: Bar Presentation Of Percentage Of Formulations Used In COPD (%)
Among the study population, the most commonly used formulation is Orals with a percentage of 53% followed by Injections with a percentage of 33%, Nebulizers with a percentage of 12% and the least common is Inhalers with a percentage of 2%.
Figure 10: Pie Chart presentation of results of percentages of COPD with or without co-morbidity (%)
Among the study population, 68 individuals suffering from COPD with comorbidities resulted in a percentage of 67% and 34 individuals suffering from COPD without comorbidities resulted in a percentage of 33%.
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