Pharmacology Articles

EMERGENCE OF NOVEL PEPTIDE MOLECULAR CLASS AS ANTIBIOTICS

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Akansha Bhandari1, Nitisha Bhandari2*
1
Department of Lifesciences,
Shri Guru Ram Rai Institute of Technology and Science, Patel Nagar, Dehradun, India
2 Department of Biotechnology, Graphic Era University, Dehradun, India
*nitishabhandari89@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Modern era diseases bring more challenges and hurdles to the rational drug targeting. However chemotherapy is the most affected area as most reports are related to antibiotics resistance. Although some successes are accounted as new molecules and new structures are keep on synthesizing or either isolated. One such example is Teixobactin which is isolated for Eleftheria terrae, which was found to be active against Staphylococcus and Mycobacterium bacteria. The story of Teixobactin isolation could open new horizon and opportunistic ways for future designing of useful drugs against these resistance bacteria. In the similar context we tried to compile the relevant paper that was published in nature in 2015 into a commentary based critical review.


A SHORT REVIEW ON ZIKA VIRUS PAST, PRESENT STRATAGIES AND FUTURE PROSPECTIVES

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ABOUT AUTHORS
M .Manasa Rekha1*, A. Bharath Kumar1, T.Mubeena1, C. Gopinath2
1Department of Pharmacy Practice,

Annamacharya college of Pharmacy, Rajampet, Andhra Pradesh, India.
2Department of Phytopharmaceuticals and Pharmacognosy,
Annamacharya college of Pharmacy, Rajampet, Andhra Pradesh, India.
manasarekharoyal@gmail.com

Zika virus(ZIKV) is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae and the genus Flavivirus and It is transmitted Aedes mosquitoes like A. aegypti and A. albopictus,which are active at day times[1,2].


REVIEW: COMBINED CANDESARTAN CILEXETIL AND PIOGLITAZONE HYDROCHLORIDE THERAPY IN METABOLIC SYNDROME

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Chauhan Sudhanshu*1,2, Savani Pankaj2, Solanki Divya2, Raj Hasumati2, Patel Sagar2
1Research Scholar 2015, Gujarat Technological University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2Department of Quality Assurance,
Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College, Kim, Surat, Gujarat, India
* sudhanshuchauhan32@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT
This review article presents the pharmacology of combined Candesartan Cilexetil and Pioglitazone Hydrochloride therapy specially in Metabolic syndrome. Candesartan Cilexetil is a antihypertensive agent. Pioglitazone Hydrochloride is a selectively stimulates nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma). The use of Candesartan Cilexetil in combination with Pioglitazone Hydrochloride has been proved to provide beneficial effect (Synergistic effect) in metabolic syndrome. The mechanism of Candesartan Cilexetil and Pioglitazone Hydrochloride is quite different. The combination of both also have anti inflammatory and enhanced organ protective effects. The main objective of this review article is to provide pharmacological information of combined therapy of Candesartan Cilexetil and Pioglitazone Hydrochloride to researcher in development of combined dosage form of this combination.


PHARMACOLOGY OF COMBINED MESALZINE AND RIFAXIMIN THERAPY TO INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Prajapati Krishna V*, Raj Hasumati A, Jain Vinit C, Prajapati Neelam S.
Department of Quality Assurance,
Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College, Kim, Surat, Gujarat, India
*krish1112k@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
This review article presents the pharmacology of combined Mesalazine and Rifaximin therapy especially in inflammatory bowel disease. Mesalazine is used as in anti-inflammatory agent, Non-Steroidal. Rifaximin is used in Gastrointestinal Agents, Anti-infective agent. The use of Rifaximin in combination with Mesalazine has been proved to provide beneficial effect in inflammatory bowel disease. The mechanism of Mesalazine and Rifaximin is quite different. Mesalamine and Rifaximin are two different types of drugs offering some symptomatic relief to the IBD patients. Mesalamine treats inflammation, whereas, Rifaximin reduces bio burden.
Patent for combination of both drugs were approved by WIPO. The main objective of this review article is to provide pharmacological information of combined therapy of Mesalazine and Rifaximin to researcher in development of combined dosage form of this.


A SHORT REVIEW ON RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS (RA)

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Sabya Sampad Swain, Nadugopal Bhuyan, Chaitanya Prasad Meher
Gayatri institute of science & technology (GIST), Gunupur, Rayagada, Orissa
swainsabhya@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Rheumatoid arthritis is most common disease in India as well as outside India. The Centers for Disease Control and prevention estimates that more than 40 million Americans have some form of arthritis or chronic joint disorder out of them 7 million Americans suffer from arthritis in its most debilitating forms. Arthritis foundation classified rheumatic diseases as inflammatory disorders affecting more & more individuals than any chronic illness. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis in the United States, affecting about 12% of Americans between the ages of 25 and 74. Rheumatoid arthritis is thought to affect well over 2 million Americans (two to three times more females more than males), whereas juvenile arthritis affects 71,000 children under 16 years of age, 61,000 of whom are females. The presented article is concern with a brief idea about rheumatoid arthritis.


ACTIVITIES OF AQUEOUS EXTRACTS OF MANGIFERA INDICA ON PARASITAEMIA LEVEL AND BLOOD PROFILE OF PLASMODIUM BERGHEI - INFECTED ALBINO MICE

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ABOUT AUTHORS
*Olayode, Ahmed A1; Saka, Olusola S1; Ajayi, Olusoji C2; Agbaje, Mojeed A1
1Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Faculty of Basic Medical Science
2Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy
Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
olayodeahmed01@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
This study was carried out to assess the effect of Mangifera indica on the percentage parasitaemia and some blood parameters of Plasmodium – infected Albino mice. Forty-two male albino mice, weighing between 20 and 25 g, were used for this research. The mice were randomly assigned into six groupsA, B, C, D, E and F of seven mice each. Group A was the negative control, group B was positive control. Mice in groups C, D and E were orally administered with Mangifera indica extract (50 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg and 150 mg/kg body weight) respectively for 5 days starting from the 4th day of inoculation while mice in group F were orally administered with Artesunate for 5 days (3 mg/kg b.w on the first day and 1.5 mg/kg b.w for the next 4 days) starting from the 4th day of inoculation. Blood smears were taken every 2 days to check the parasitaemia level for 14-day post-treatment withdrawal period. The extract has a dose dependent reducing effect on the level of parasitaemia. It also showed that the increase in the rate of reticulocytosis and consequent increase in the number of red blood cells in a dose dependent manner.


BIO-MARKERS AND BIO-SENSORS: UNRAVELLING THE MAJOR MECHANISTIC INTERVENTIONS IN CANCER PROGNOSIS

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ABOUT AUTHOR
Rajesh Tiwari
Junior Technical Assistant
Pharmaceutical Science and Natural Products
Central University of Punjab, Bathinda
rajesh.tiwari851@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Biosensors are a tool that combines the biochemical element with a transducer that generates an indication for the identification of disease. Numbers of biosensors are used in different medical application. Biomarker and Biosensors play an important role for early stage exposure of cancer. It is a cost-effective, increased assay speed, resiliency, the ability for multi-target analysis method. Genomic and proteomic molecular tools are also used for the exposure of tumors. These methods produce a molecular mark that provides a new opening for utilizing biosensors and biomarkers. As with many disease conditions, it is not easy to find exact and responsive markers that are associated with only one marker. Different numbers of molecular signatures are used for the diagnosis of cancer, such as proteins, peptides, overexpression gene and gene mutation. This review provides a general idea of the biosensors and biomarkers technology that is currently developed and researched for cancer markers and diagnosis.


BESTOWING PHARM.D TO THE ERA OF HEALTHCARE TECHNOLOGY AND PATIENT SAFETY

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Tarun Singh
India’s Leading Drugs Consultant
SSJ Hospital
doctarunsethi@gmail.com

Advancement in health and medicine has enhanced the life expectancy of human beings. For last hundred years' medicinal processes and medical equipment are proved to be the boon to human health for diagnosing properly and for applying proper medicines to the patient.

Medicine is considered as one of the most important necessity to all of us. It is derived from the Latin words arsmedicina meaning "the art of healing". Medicine and Drugs are the synonyms.  Drugs is concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, treatment and possible prevention of disease, injury and other damage to a body or mind. It ignites the human mind to initiate more research to find other sophisticated technology for adding value to medical science. Due to consistent effort of doctors and scientists now we have latest medical equipmentfor diagnosis, High quality medicine packaging machines, Computerised blood testing machines, digital & robotic testing machines.


EFFECT OF PULSATILLA ON POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME AND ITS ASSOCIATED CANCER

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Debpratim Chakraborty
Persuing M.Pharm (Pharmacognosy),
Jadavpur University, West bengal.
debpratim008@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is one of the most common female endocrine. Many papers reported the correlation between infertility that most eminently predisposes towards cancer in PCOS women from many years. From both clinical and experimental research one can conclude that correlation between PCOS and endometrial cancer is the strongest. Most studies on correlation between PCOS and ovarian cancer as well as breast cancer failed to show a link though Pulsatilla have a strong effect on it. Various synthetic drugs which mainly used in the treatment of PCOS and endometrial cancer but here the problem is those drugs has lots of side effect/Adverse effect so we should go with the natural product Pulsatilla Sp. Which is used on PCOSand various cancer. Pulsatilla is a well establish drug for PCOS with unknown mechanism of action. Deoxypodophyllotoxin, which was isolated from the roots of P. koreana, was found to inhibit the tube-like formation of HUVECs (human umbilical venous endothelial cells) and have a potent antitumor effect. The chemical constituent saponin D present in Pulsatilla root is responsible for the anti tumor activity. The results, which are expressed as Pulsatilla saponin D has such a potent antitumor effect (IR, 82 %) on a solid tumor, which is higher than Adriamycin (IR, 64%). 23-Hydroxybetulinic acid synthesized from Pulsatilla chinensis also shows anti tumoral activity. Though the potency of pulsatilla sp. Are less than synthetic marketed drugs but by structural modification we may get potent anti canceral agent with least toxicity by Pulsatilla.


DIAGNOSIS OF GRANULAR CELL TUMOUR OF THE UPPER LIP USING POLYMER HRP DETECTION SYSTEM

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
1Neeraj Kumar Lohani*, 2Prakash Singh Nainwal
1Institute of Biomedical Education & Research, Mangalayatan University, Aligarh- Uttar Pradesh, India,
2Govt. medical College Haldwani, Nainital Uttrakhand, India
*neerajlohani06@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Oral granular cell tumour is a rare soft tissue tumour ofcan develop on any skin or mucosal surface. Granular cell tumors can affect all parts of the body; however, the head and neck areas are affected 45% to 65% of the time. Of the head and neck cases 70% of lesions are located intraorally (tongue, oral mucosa, hard palate). The next most common location that lesions are found in the head and neck area is the larynx(10%).[1] In patients 30% of cases have been reported to occur in the lip, but this presentation in adults is extremely rare. The present study is concerned a case of oral granular cell tumour in a 60 year-old female, located in the upper lip. Histopathological examination revealed granular cells which stained positively for S-100 protein; a finding supportive of a neural origin. A history of trauma was elicited in this case, and the lesion was treated with surgical excision.


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