Bangladesh

METHICILLIN RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS DETECTION BY PCR

About Author:
Mariz Sintaha
Lecturer,
School of Life Sciences
Independent University, Bangladesh
sintu.bmb@gmail.com

Introduction:
MRSA refers to strain of Staphylococcus aureus which is resistant to methicillin. MRSA infection causes Red bump (may be pus filled), warmth, pain, swollen and red and tender skin lesions and are resistant to various antibiotics used for treatment including cephalosporins and penicillins. Rapid and accurate detection of MRSA has great significance since is needed for proper treatment of staph diseases. It is difficult to detect MRSA in media using phenotypic methods such as disk diffusion, oxacillin agar screening test, agar dilution, MIC determination by broth dilutionsince expression of metcillin resistance is not uniform in all cells. The genotypic method is now taken as the gold standard to detect MSRA because of its accuracy.

EVALUATION OF QUALITY OF FRESH SOYA-BEAN OIL AVAILABLE IN BANGLADESH

ABOUT AUTHORS:
MR. Zubair Khalid labu*1, Md. Abdul Bake2, Razia Sultana3
1,3
Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, Dhaka 1205, Bangladesh,
2
Department of Pharmacy, Gono University, Savar, Dhaka 1344, Bangladesh.
* zubairlabu@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT
Hydrogenated soya-bean oil is the product obtained by refining, bleaching, hydrogenation and deodorisation of oil obtained from seeds ofGlycine soja Sieb. and Zucc. andGlycine max (L.) Merr. (G. hispida (Moench) Maxim.). Soya-bean oilis a vegetable oil extracted from the seeds of the soybean. It is plant based and less harmful saturated fats and offers nutrition and health related benefits.  The main objective of this work has been done for the evaluation and analyzing the quality of soya-bean oil available in local market. For the examination of soyabean oil six fresh samples of different sources were collected randomly from the market. British pharmacopoeia (BP) specifications were used for the determination of acid, peroxide and iodine value. The results were compared with the standard specified by Bangladesh standard and testing institute (BSTI). After three months study we observed that physical examination of all the samples were complies with the specification and chemical examination such as, In case of peroxide value, all the samples were found to comply with the specification and only two (S-5 and S-6) of them have comparatively higher value but remain within the limit. But In case of iodine value, five samples were within the limit, and only one sample (S-6) was out of specification. After over third month analysis we observed that all the sample value were higher than from first month study. The consumers which have to take this spurious product must be careful to take this because it may be harmful if adulterated.

FOOD CONTAMINANTS: BANGLADESH PERSPECTIVE

About Authors:
Zubair Khalid Labu1; AK Mohiuddin1; M.A Bake*2
1Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh (WUB), Dhaka-1215, Bangladesh
*2Product Development officer, Gonoshasthaya Pharmaceuticals Ltd., Mirzanagar, Savar, Dhaka-1344.
zubairlabu@yahoo.com; *abdul.bake@yahoo.com

Abstract
Food is the major source of energy in humans as well as animals. Foods are materials taken into the body by different route which provide nourishment in the form of energy or in the building of tissues. Food contaminants are substances that make food unfit for human consumption. Examples include bacteria, toxic chemicals, carcinogens, teratogens and radioactive materials. The purpose of these studies is to find out the food contaminants which are used in different purposes available in Bangladesh and contaminants detection method. After survey we found that Dhaka is the main city where food contamination by various contaminants in higher percentage. This contamination done by manmade, industrial discharge, poisonous water etc. Government of Bangladesh taking various necessary steps to stop this contamination.

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