AN UPDATED PHARMACEUTICAL CRUDE DRUG PROFILE

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Pharmacognostical Crude drug Profile:

Name of drugs

Biological sources

Family

Use

Agar

Gelidium amansii, gracilaria

Gelidaceae

Emulsifying agent

Bulk laxative

Guar gum

Cyamopsis tetragonolobus

Leguminosae

Protective colloids

Disintegrating agent

Acacia {gum acacia}

Acacia Arabica

Leguminosae

Demulcent

Suspending agent

Tragacanth

Astragalus gummifer

Leguminosae

Thickening

Emulsifying agent

Bees wax

Apis mellifeca

Apidae

Ointment, plasters, polishes, candles.

Castor oil

Ricinus communis

Euphorbiaceae

Cathartic, lubricant

Cocoa butter

Theobroma cocao

sterculiaceae

Suppositories & ointments, creams

Cod liver oil

Gadus morrhua

gadidae

Rickets, nutritive

Linseed oil(flax seed)

Linum usitatissimum

Linaceae

Demulcent, drying oil, scabies, cresol with soap

Shark liver oil

Hypoprion brevirostris

 

Antixeropthalmic factor, burn, sun burn ointment

Rice bran oil

Oryza sativa

graminae

Antioxidant vegetable ghee

Lard

Abdomen of the hog sus scrofa

suidae

Ointment base

Honey(madhu)

Apis mellifera, Apis dorsata

Apidae   order- hymenoptera

Demulcent, antiseptic, sweetening agent.

Isapgol

Plantago ovata

Plantaginaceae

Pharmaceutical aid, laxative

pectin

Citrus limonis,   

C. aurantium

Rutaceae

Adsorbent, thickening agent

Starch

Zea mays, oryza sativa

Graminae

Disintegrating agent, demulcent

Volatile Oil:

Name of drugs

Biological sources

Family

Use

Mentha oil (peppermint oil)

Mentha piperita

Labiatae

Carminative, flavouring agent

Coriander

(Dhania)

Coriandrum sativum

Umbelliferae

Aromatic, gripping action

Cinnamon
(Dalchini)

Cinnamomum zeylanicumnees

Lauraceae

Carminative, stomachic, mild Astringent

Cassia

C.  cassia

Lauraceae

Carminative, stimulant, spices

Lemon peel

Citrus limonis

Rutaceae

Perfuming flavour

Orange peel

Citrus aurantium

Rutaceae

flavouring

Lemon grass

Cymbopogon flexuousus, C.citrate

Graminae

As source of citral

Citronella

Cymbopogon nardus

Graminae

Mosquito repellent cream

Caraway

(Ajwan)

Carum carvi

Umbelliferae

Flavouring carminative

Clove

(Laung)

Eugenia caryophyllus

Myrtaceae

Dental analgesic

Spearmint

Mentha spicata

Labiatae

Flavor-toothpaste

Mouth wash

Fennel

(sauf)

Foeniculum vulgare

Umbelliferae

Expectorant, flavouring, carminative

Nutmeg

Myristica fragrans

Myristicacea

Aromatic stimulant, rheumatism

Cardamom

Elettaria cardamomum

Zingiberaceae

Compound tincture, flavouring.

Dill

Anethum graveolens

Umbelliferae

Dill & gripe water, flavor.

Eucalyptus

E.globulus

Myrtaceae

Counter-irritant, antiseptic, nasal drops expectorant

Chenopodium

C.ambrosioidesvar.anthelminticum

chenopodiaceae

Anthelmintic, Round worms (Ascaris), expels hook worm

Valerian

Valeriana wallichi

valerianaceae

Antispasmodics, tranquillizing

Musk

Musk dearMoschus

 moschiferus

Cervidae

Stimulant In t/t

Hysteria, perfume.

Gaultheria oil

(wintergreen )

Gaultheria procumbens

Ericaceae

Counterirritant rheumatism

Sandalwood

Santalum album

Santalaceae

Dysurea, perfume

Palmarosa

Cymbopogon martini stapf

Graminae

Insect repellent

Perfumery, skin disease, cosmetics

Resin

Name of drug

Biological source

Family

Use

Ginger

Zingiber officinale

zingiberaceae

Aromatic, flavor, carminative

capsicum

Capsicum annum

Solanaceae

Stomachic, counter-irritant in rheumatism

Turmeric

Curcuma longa

zingiberaceae

Anti-inflammatory

Asafoetida

Ferula foetida

Umbelliferae

Carminative, nervine stimulant.

Jalap

Ipomoea purga

convolvulaceae

Powerful cathartic

Benzoin (Sumatra & siam)

Styrax benzoin, S.tonkinesis

Styraceae

Expectorant, antiseptic carminative

Podophyllum

P.hexandrum, P.emodi

Berberidaceae

Purgative, veneral worts

Tolu balsam

Myroxylon balsamum

Leguminosae

Expectorant, flavouring

Antiseptic.

Peru balsam

Myroxylon balsamumvar. pereirae

Leguminosae

Scabies, wounds, ulcers, bedsores, flavouring agent

Myrrh

Commiphora molmol

Burseraceae

Stimulant, antiseptic

Cannabis

Cannabis sativa

Cannabinaceae

(moraceae)

Narcotic, sedative, analgesic

Colophony

Pinus species

pinaceae

Stimulant, diuretic

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