SELF MEDICATION: REASONS OF SELF CARE IN PHARMACY STUDENTS

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Discussion:
Now-a-days Self medication has become a most common and fatal risk to people especially young age group throughout the globe. The practice of self medication is also seen in health care professionals and students which is well shown in figure no: 3  (Badiger et al, 2012). These cause fatal adverse effects, drug toxicity, organ failure, drug abuse and resistance in case of antibiotics and death. It has been found that the practice of OTC or SM is common in females than in males in treating menstrual pain. According to many studies, most common OTC medication are analgesics to relieve pain and also have found to have organ damage in long term use i.e., liver failure in paracetmol and Nsaids causes renal failure(Mc Laughlin et al ,1998). In our study we also found that use of analgesics in relieving pain. Firstly, OTC medication use in these study group was found to be antipyretics (64.1%), analgesics(21.36%), antihistamines (14.5%) and cough syrups (2.56%) and multivitamins (0.85%).

OTC medication for various minor illness

Figure no :3- Representing the use of OTC medication for various minor illness

CONCLUSION:
Self medication has both beneficial and potential risk effects. In case of health care professional and students , the practice of self medication may have less potent than in general public these is because of knowledge and attitude towards the SM. Sometimes there is a risk of drug abuse too. The practice of self medication is safely ensured with proper awareness and guidance programs and counseling session in campaign, hospital and communities.

REFERENCE:
1. Badiger, S., Kundapur, R., Jain, A., Kumar, A.,Pattanshetty, S., Thakolkaran, N., et al. (2012) ; Selfmedication patterns among medical students in South India. Australas Med J. ; 5(4) : 217-220.
2. Banerjee I, Bhadury T. (2012) ; Self-medication practice among undergraduate medical students ina tertiary care medical college, West Bengal. Journal of postgraduate medicine. Apr-Jun ; 58(2) :127-131.
3. Bell E, Dangers Of Self-Medications (2011) http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Eva_Bell 
4. Guidelines for the regulatory assessment of medicinal products for use in self-medication. Geneva: WHO; 2000.
5. Mc Laughlin, J.K., Lipworth, L., Chow, W.H., Blot,W.J.
(1998) ; Analgesic use and chronic renal failure: acritical review of the epidemiologic literature.Kidney Int. ; 54(3) :679-686.
6. Mohamed Irfadh, Mohamed Azhar, Kabisha Gunasekaran, et al .
(2013) ; Self-medication: Awareness and Attitude among Malaysian Urban Population, , International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health, 5(6) ; 436-443

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