FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF HERBAL CREAM

 

CLASSIFICATION OF HERBAL DRUG ON THE BASIS OF THEIR ACTION
Our skin is our body’s first line of defense against microbial invaders. Using herbs for skin is one of the best way we can take care of our skin. The skin contains one third of the body’s blood supply. A healthy persons has a smooth, supple, glowing complexion. A skin patients skin may be pull of blemishes or rough patches, their complexion may be gray, translucent, wexy.

The top supplement for our skin is water. Using herbs for skin help your skin and keep it in good condition.

Skin Cleansers for Smoothing and Astringency
*    Lavender
*    Rosemary
*    Rose
*    Calendula

All Purpose Skin Healers
*    Chamomile
*    Aloe
*    Allantion

Essential Oil for Skin
*    Lavender oil
*    Tea leaves oil

Abrasives and Exfoliate
*    Apricot
*    Oatmeal
*    Horsetail

Fresheners and Toners
*    Lavender
*    Lemon balm
*    Mint
*    Calendula ,rose
*    Chamomile

Astringent and Antibacterial
*    Aloe
*    Dandelion leaves
*    Tea tree oil

Moisturizers
*    Calendula
*    Rosemary
*    Chamomile
*    Lavender
*    Marigold

Relive Inflammation
*    Lavender
*    Rose water
*    Lady mantle

Blemishes
*    Basil , Tea
*    Comfrey

Burns
*    Aloe
*    Calendula
*    Acne
*    Artemisia
*    Basil
*    Pea
*    Pumpkin
*    Onion

Ant aging Treatment
*    Ginseng
*    Green and black tea
*    Grape seed extract
Anti-inflammatory Treatment
*    Chamomile
*    Fenugreek
*    Jojoba
*    Licorice root
*    Red clover

Skin protection
*    Aloe vera
*    Oats like oatmeal,bran10

HERBAL PLANT USED IN SKIN CARE

CommonName-  Ghikanawar
Botanical Name & Family-
Aloe vera  barbadensis
Family: Liliaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Anthraquinone glycoside, aloin carboxypeptidase salicylate components, c- glycosychromone.
Uses-
Leaf juice is applied on skin for smoothness, healing, controlling skin burns & sun burns.

Common Name- Garlic
Botanical Name & Family-
Allium sativam
Family:Aliaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Alliin, allicin, ajoene, vinyldithins, Diallyl disulphide, trisulphide, antioxidant,t-diallyl tetra, penta, hexa & hepta sulphides.
Uses-
Oil is used to treat sores,pimples and acne.

Common Name- Vetiver,cuscus, khus
Botanical Name & Family -
Andropogon muricatus
Family: Poaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Essential oil contains vetiselinenol of khusimol, sesquiterpenoids-vetidiol
Uses-
It is used to treat acne, cuts, eczema, dry skin, wounds, and aging skin. Powdered root paste is used to cure irritated skin and allergies.

Common Name- Bear berry
Botanical Name & Family-
Acrtostaphylos urva – ursi
Family: Eriaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Arbutin,tannins,flavonolglucoside, isoquercities, methyl  arbutin.
Uses-
Skin whitener, melanininhibitor, it is used for treat skin pigmentation, sunburns, freckles.

Common Name- Neem, margosa
Botanical Name & Family-
Azadirachta indica
Family: Meliaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Tetranortriterpenoids ,azadirachtin, diterpenes.
Uses-
It cures wounds, leprosy, skin diseases like acne, ulcers, hair problems.

Common Name- Flame of the forest, butea gum, Bengal kino
Botanical Name & Family-
Butea frondosa
Family: Fabaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Flavonoids, glucosides – butin, butrin, isobutrin & palastrin, coreopsin, mono spermoside , and  sulphurein & chalcones.
Uses-
Leaves extract is useful in pimples and seed extract for
fungal infection and bruises, flower extract for hair and skin conditioning.

Common Name- Pot-marigold, marigold, calendula
Botanical Name & Family-
Calendula officinalis
Family:Asteraceae
Chemical Constituents
Triterpenes, sterols, flavonoids, carotenes, bitter, glycosides, resins, volatile oil, mucilage.
Uses
Flower extract is used for smoothening hair. It is used to cure acne, inflammation, and aging.

Common Name- Green tea
Botanical Name &
Family-Cammelia sinensis
Family: Theaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Polyphenols, flavonoids, tannins, methyl xanthines
Uses
Anti-oxidant, antiinflammatory, photo aging, anti-acne.
Common Name-
Papaya, papaw
Botanical Name & Family-Carica papaya
Family:Caricaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Enzymes-Papain &chymopapains. Alkaloidscarpine & pseudocarpine, xpressin
Uses-
fruit pulp make skin soft and removes blemishes. It can be used for treating wrinkles, sunspots, age spots, acne problems.

Common Name- Asiatic ,pennywort,Indian pennywort
Botanical Name &
FamilyCentella asiatica
Family: Umbelliferae /Apiaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Brahmoside, asiaticoside, thankun iside, hydrocotyline alkaloid, velarin.
Uses-
Brahmoside, asiaticoside, thankuniside, Hydrocotyline alkaloid, velarin.
Whole plant extract is used for growth and maintenance of hair. It fights oxidation thereby improves skin firmness and elasticity

Common Name-Saffron cocus
Botanical Name &
FamilyCrocus sativus
Family: Iridaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Crocin, pirosin, crocetin, carotenoids, riboflavin, thiamine, terpenes, xanthone.
Uses-
It is used to treat skin diseases and dresses bruises. It moisturizes, soothes and promote fairness of skin. It treats dandruff and Nourishes hair.

Common Name – Turmeric
Botanical Name &
FamilyCurcuma longa
Family: Zingiberaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Curcuminoids, phenolic diaryl heptanoids, curcumin, monodesm ethoxycurcumin, turmerone, serquiterpene ketones.
Uses-
Rhizome powder possesses anti-inflammatory and antioxidantproperties. It is used in treatment of skin and hair problems.

Common Name- Maiden hair tree kew tree
Botanical Name &
Family- Gingko biloba
Family: Ginkgoaceae
Chemical Constituents
Flavone glycosides, quercetin, kaempferol, terpenes.
Uses
Anti-oxidant, antiinflammatory

Common Name- Licorice,liquorice
Botanical Name &
FamilyGlycirrhiza glabra
Family:leguminosae
Chemical Constituents-
Glycyrrhizin, glycyrrhetincacid,is oflavonoids, chalcones, coumarins, triterpenoids
Uses-
Skin conditioning, smoothening, soothing, hair conditioning.

Common Name- Lavender
Botanical Name &
FamilyLavendula vera
Family:Labiatae/lamiaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Essential oil- linalool, linalyl acetate, borneol, camphor, lavandulyl , caryophyllene, limonene. Aerial parts-ursolic acid, lactone, betulin, betuliinic acid, 3 β formyl ursolic acid.
Uses-
It is cytophylactic and antiaging, refresher; it improves hair growth and texture. It cures many hair problems like dandruff.

Common Name- Chamomile
Botanical Name &
FamilyMatricaria chamomile
Family: Compositae/Asteraceae
Chemical Constituents-
α-bisabolol, azulenes,- chamazulene, guiazuline & matricine, flavonoids, patuletin, quercetin, spiroethers & coumarins
Uses-
Flowers are used as Hair tonic. Leaves extract is used for skin problems.

Common Name- Mint
Botanical Name &
Family- Mentha arvensis
Family: Labiatae
Chemical Constituents-
Menthol, menthone. α&β- pinene, α-thujene, l-limonene, β-phellandrene, furfural, methylcyclo hexanone,camphene.
Uses-
Acts against pigmentation and skin diseases and has as moisturizing, cooling, antiperspirant, anti-aging properties.

Common Name- Mango
Botanical Name &
FamilyMangifera indica
Family: Anacardiaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Citric and ascorbic acids, carotenoids ,
Phenolic compounds, flavonoids,β-amyrins, gallotannin, glucogallin, indicol, taraxerol, friedelin, lupeol.
Uses-
It soothes, moisturizes, andregenerates skin cells. It is used to treat skin diseases.

Common Name- Camphor basil
Botanical  Name &
FamilyOcimum sanctum
Family:labiatae/ lamiaceae
Chemical Constituents –
Camphor, pinene, limonene,terpin olene, myrcene, β-phellandrene,linalool,camphene, p-cymene, borneol or α-selinene.

Uses-Leaf extract is useful tocontrol skin infection and rejuvenation. used as skin and hair conditioners.

Common Name- Almond
Botanical Name &
Family- Prunus amygdalus
Family: Rosaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Amandin, globulin, Oleum Amygdalae, oleic, palmitin, linoleic acids
Uses-
It is used for moisturizing and nourishing skin. It nourishes hair and promotes growth. Kernel extract is used in sun creams.

Common Name- Damask rose
Botanical Name &
FamilyRosa damascene
Family: Rosaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Quercetin, Kaempferol, Cyanidin, Lycopene, Rubixathin , Zeaxanthin, Xanthophyll, Citronellol, Geraniol, β-phenylethanol, eugenol.
Uses-
Essential oil from flowers is used for protection from sun burns and skin smoothening.

Common Name- White sandal wood
Botanical Name &
FamilySantalum album
Family: Santalaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Stillingia oil, palmitic, oleic, ellagic, galic acids,isoquercetrin, phloroacetophenone, 2, 4-dimethylether, moretenone, moretenol, tri terpene
Uses-
Paste of hardwood is used in face packs. Essential oil for Protection from sunburns. It is anti-oxidant.

Common Name- Sesame, gingelly
Botanical Name & Family- Sesamum indicum
Family:Pedaliaceae
Chemical Constituents- Sterols, lignans, sesamin, nitrolactone,
sesamolin, thiamine, niacin, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, vitA, pyridoxine & ascorbic acid
Uses- Seed extract is used for skin protection and rejuvenation. Seed oil is used as base for hair oils.

Common Name- Cocoa, Theobroma
Botanical Name &
Family- Theobroma cacao
Family: Sterculiaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Methylxanthine, sulphur, magnesium, phenylethylamine, anandamide.
Uses-
Skin softener and conditioner, moisturizes, anti-wrinkle effect, restores flexibility.

Common Name- Winter cherry
Botanical Name &
Family- Withania somnifera Family: Solanaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Alkaloids-withanine,with ananine, pseudowithanine, somnine, somniferinine. with aferin-A.
Uses-
Whole plant extract is used for skin cleansing and antioxidant.

Common Name- Winter cherry
Botanical Name &
Family- Cocos nucifera Family:palmae/ Arecaceae
Common Name-
Winter cherry
Chemical Constituents-
Minerals like potassium, vitamins ,reducing sugars, totalsugars, brix
Uses-
It is used cure skin diseases and dandruff, it nourishes hair.

Common Name- Watermelon
Botanical Name &
Family-Citrullus vulgaris family: Cucurbitaceae
Chemical Constituents-
Citrullin, arginine, triterpene, bryonolic acid
Uses-
Additives in sun creams,seed oil works as restorative and nourishing for skin, Itcures acne, sebum secretion.11,12

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