Estimation of Olmesartan Medoxomil and Atorvastatin Calcium in Tablet Dosage Form by HPLC Method

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About Authors: Venkata Suresh Babu Aluri*
Department of pharmaceutical Analysis,
Adhiparasakthi College of Pharmacy,
Melmarvathur, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu - 603319 (INDIA)

Reference ID: PHARMATUTOR-ART-1077

Abstract
A simple, specific, sensitive, rapid, precise and economical high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed for the estimation of Olmesartan medoxomil (OLM) and Atorvastatin calcium (ATC) in tablet dosage form by using acetonitrile- phosphate buffer pH 3.0 (40:60 v/v) as a solvent system. The method was carried out on a Phenomenex Gemini C18 (15 cm x 4.6 mm i.d., 5µm particle size) column, at flow rate 0.9 mL/min. Detection was carried out at 252 nm. The retention time of OLM and ATC was 3.19 and 4.63 min, respectively. The two drugs follow Beer-Lambert’s law over the concentration range of 8 – 40 µg/mL for OLM and 4 – 20 µg/mL for ATC. Validation of proposed method was carried out for its accuracy, precision, specificity and ruggedness according to ICH guidelines. The proposed method can be successfully applied in routine work for the determination of Olmesartan medoxomil and Atorvastatin calcium in combined dosage form.

Introduction
The combination of Olmesartan medoxomil (OLM) and Atorvastatin calcium (ATC) were used for the treatment of co-existing essential hypertension and hyperlipidmia in adult patients. Chemically OLM is Olmesartan medoxomil is (5-methyl-2-oxo1, 3-dioxolen-4-yl) methoxy-4- (1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl) -2-propyl-1- {4- [2- (tetrazol-5-yl) phenyl] phenyl} methyl imidazo-5-carboxylate) .1. OLM is an angiotension ΙΙ receptor antagonist2. ATC is official in IP3. Chemically ATC is [R-(R,R*)] -2- (4-flurophenyl) -β,δ-dihydroxy-5 (1-methylethyl) -3-phenyl-4- [phenylamino) carbonyl] -1H- pyrrole -1-heptanoic acid4. Literature survey reveals that OLM can be estimated by spectrophotometry5, HPLC6,7 and by HPTLC8 methods individually or in combination with other drugs. ATC is reported to be estimated by spectrophotometry9,10 and HPLC11,12 individually or in combination with other drugs. However, there is no analytical method reported for the estimation of OLM and ATC in a combined dosage formulation. Present work describes for the estimation of OLM and ATC in tablet formulation by HPLC method.

Fig. . Chemical structures of (a) Olmesartan medoxomil, (b) Atorvastatin calcium

2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Materials
OLM and ATC were kindly donated by Burgeon pharmaceuticals Ltd., Chennai. Methanol (A.R. Grade, Loba Chem. Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai, India), HPLC grade methanol and acetonitrile (Fisher scientific Mumbai, India) were used.

2.2. Instrument
The Shimadzu (Japan) LC system was equipped with a UV detector. Chromatographic separations were performed using the Phenomenex  Gemini(Torrance, USA) C18 column (15 cm x 4.6 mm i.d., 5µm particle size) at 35 0C column oven temperature and analyzed by LC software Win chrome.

2.3. Preparation of Standard Solutions
Standard stock solutions of 1000 µg/ml of OLM and ATC were prepared in mixture of acetonitrile: phosphate buffer pH 3.0 (60:40% V/V). The solution containing 10 µg/mL of OLM and 10 µg/mL of ATC were injected and the detection was carried at 252 nm. The retention time of OLM and ATC was 3.19 and 4.63 min, respectively. The chromatogram of OLM and ATC were shown in Fig. 4. The linearity range for OLM is 8-40 µg/mL and for ATC 4-20 µg/mL respectively.

2.4. Assay of Tablet Formulation
Ten tablets were weighed and crushed to obtain fine powder. Accurately weighed quantity of tablet powder equivalent to about 50 mg of OLM was transferred to 50 mL volumetric flask, 30 mL of methanol was added to the flask and sonicated for 15 min. volume was then made up to mark with methanol. The solution was filtered through Whatmann filter paper. The filtrate was appropriately diluted with mobile phase to obtain final concentration of about 16 µg/mL of OLM and 8 µg/mL of ATC. 20 µl of sample solutions were injected into HPLC system for six times, retention time and peak areas were recorded.

3. Method Validation
3.1. Linearity
The methods were validated according to International Conference of Harmonization Q2B guidelines for validation of analytical procedures in order to determine the linearity, precision, accuracy and LOD & LOQ for each analyte. Five point calibration curves were generated with appropriate volumes of working standard solutions. The range was optimized at 8-40 µg/mL for OLM and 4-20 µg/mL for ATC respectively. The linearity was evaluated by least square regression method using a weighed data.

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