A REVIEW ON ANALYTICAL METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF INDAPAMIDE IN MARKETED PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATION

 

 

3. Spectroflurometric method:-
The spectroflurometric determination of   Indapamide the first and second method are based on the oxidative coupling reaction of Indapamide with 3-methyl-2-benzothalidone hydrazine Hcl in presence of cerium ammonium sulphate in acidic medium and quenching effect on fluorescence of excess cerous ions at the emission  max 350 nm and the excitation at max 300nm with linearity 1.2 to 9.6µg/ml with recovery 99.27% [Nadia F. Youssef et al., 2003.].

A sensitive fluorescence method for determination  of  Indapamide  reaction of Indapamide  with sodium hydroxide and addition of formaldehyde, linearity of  0.025 to 2.0 µg/ml the concentration of  Indapamide of 0.05µg/ml can be detected in Dog  given  20 mg of drug .the fluorescence at emission  max 356nm and excitation max  284nm [Peter E.Grebow et al.,1978.].   

4. GC-MS (Gas chromatography - mass spectroscopy) Method:- 
A sensitive method  of GC-MS of  Indapamide SIM window 2.885 with separation Ions at 132,161,322,336,337,407 m/z & Dwell time is 40 [Claudio Brunelli et al.,2006.].
The determination of Indapamide in human urine using GC-MS & the retention time is 7.465 min. with segment range 7.2-7.9 min. and separation at Ions 407 m/z.[Olga Zaporozhets et al.,2012.].

5.  LC-MS (Liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy) Method:-
A sensitive method using LC-MS for the determination of indapamide in Human blood separation were performed on a symmetry c18 column (150×3.9mm id, 5µm) with mobile phase Acetonitrile: Water (60:40 v/v) Indapamide and IS(propyl paraben) were detected at m/z 364 for Indapamide and m/z 179 for propyl paraben with linear calibration range 2.0-120µg/ml.[Jingling Tang et al.,2005.]
A sensitive LC-MS method for the determination of Indapamide in human plasma using was separated on a C18 column with mobile phase 10mM Ammonium acetate: Methanol (22:78 v/v). Indapamide were estimated that by using Electrospray ionization the selected ions monitoring mode using target ions at m/z 364.3 for Indapamide and m/z 492.4 for the IS with linearity 0.1-100ng/ml for Indapamide. The mean   recovery   90.5-93.95%. [Li Ding et al., 2006.]
A simple, sensitive and rapid LC-MS method for Quantification of Indapamide in human plasma the compound were separated on a stainless steel column (C18 shim-pack 5µm 150×2.0mm I.D., shimadzu) and separated ions monitoring at m/z 364.0 Indapamide and chlorpropamide m/z 275.0 with linear range 0.5 to 100ng/ml with a coefficient of determination(r) of 0.9998. [Yan Liang t al., 2006.]

6. Stability indicating method:-

Table no.3 summary stability indicating   method of Indapamide

Where- [CP-Captopril; IND-Indapamide; ATN- Atenolol; HPLC- High performance liquid chromatography]

CONCLUSION:
This reviews articles presented the analytical methods for the estimation of Indapamide & its combination  in pharmaceutical dosage form and biological sample like Blood, serum or plasma the literature survey of analytical data exhibit that HPLC methods are primarly for the analysis of Indapamide in single and in combination with other drugs in various formulation type of dosage form the other analytical methods like RP-HPLC, HPTLC, LC-MS, GC-MS, UV spectrometry,spectrofluorometry and stability indicating methods by HPLC used for the estimation of Indapamide in single and its combined dosage form, biological sample like blood,serum or plasma and milk.   The presented information is useful for future prospective study for researcher in formulation development, Bio analytical research and Quality control of Indapamide.

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