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Miscellaneous Articles


TOXICOLOGICAL SCREENING OF ‘GOWRI CHINTHAMANI CHENDOORAM'- A SIDDHA METALLIC PREPARATION

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Shanmugapriya.P1, Thamodharan.S1, M.Ramamurthy2, V.C. Jiji Mol3, M. Nijavizhi3
1 Department of Nanjunool, National instistute of siddha, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2Assistant medical officer, Salavakkam
3PG scholars, National institute of siddha, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
drjijivijay@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
'Gowri chinthamani chendooram', a siddha drug was evaluated for its acute and chronic toxicity studies in wistar albino rats with reference to haematological, bio-chemical and histopathological studies. Acute study revealed a maximum tolerated does of 640 mg/100 gm b.w chronic toxicity study revealed a minimum toxic effect at adoes level of 40 mg/100 gm b.w. Where in, the changes observed were non-specific. The toxicity findings were dose specific, which had tissue damage in higher dosages.


PREVALENCE OF MALNUTRITION AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN IN RURAL NORTH KARNATAKA

ABOUT AUTHORS:
Srividya V.L, Ashok Kumar Malpani, A.Manjunath
Department of Pharmacy Practice, NET Pharmacy College,
Navodaya Medical Hospital & Research Centre, Raichur, Karnataka
drsrividyapharmacy@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
The objective of the present study is to evaluate the level of malnutrition and the impact of households on the nutritional status of school children in a rural area of north karnataka region. Factors included:  the number of children of 5 to 14 years of age in the family, occupation of the parents, family income, maternal education, type of residence (kacha  or pucca) and children gender. The study was a cross-sectional descriptive survey using a structured questionnaire which includes Anthropometric measurements height (H/A) and weight (W/A). Two hundred and seventy school children representing a rural area of Raichur district, North karnataka were participated in the study. Reference standards used were those of WHO growth charts. The results showed the level of stunting and underweight in school children as per percentile standards from the WHO. Most of the boys and girls of the study fall under < 3rd percentile. Hence, malnutrition was significantly higher among the school children. The higher the level of the mother’s education, the lower the level of child’s underweight was observed. In the present study, growing children by and large are deprived of good nutrition on account of their poor socio-economic status, ignorance and lack of health promotional facilities. The study findings imply that efforts for redressing child under nutrition issues in rural areas should focus on factors associated with development outcomes such as family income, maternal education and the creation of employment.


IMPACT OF OBESITY ON PULMONARY FUNCTION TEST IN SCHOOL CHILDREN

About Authors:
Madhuri Sharma*1, KC Mathur1, Rajnee2, Raaz K Maheshwari3
1Department of Physiology, Sardar Patel Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan
2Department of Physiology, Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
3Department of Chemistry, SBRM Govt PG College, Nagaur, Rajasthan
*madhurisharma26@gmail.com

Abstract
Pulmonary function test are affected by the obesity. Various studies demonstrate important modifications in the pulmonary function tests of obese adults and adolescents, there is scarce information on obese children, and the findings remain inconclusive. Although there are some studies which demonstrate important modifications in the respiratory pattern of obese children, but there are some contradictory findings. So such type of study should be done which give us different and separate findings for overweight, mild obese, moderately obese, and morbidly obese criteria in obese school children in comparison with age, sex and ethnically matched control group.


USE OF PYRETHRIN/ PYRETHRUM AND ITS EFFECT ON ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN: A REVIEW

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About Authors:
Vishal Soni*, Amruta Anjikar

CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI),
Nagpur, Maharashtra
vishalsoni8912@yahoo.com

Abstract:
Pyrethrins and pyrethrum are the most frequently used home and garden insecticides in the India. They are often used in indoor sprays, pet shampoos, and aerosol bombs to kill flying and jumping insects. Pyrethrins are a common cause of insecticide poisonings. According to Ministry of Environment and Forest survey of poison control centers, they cause more insecticide poisoning incidents than any other class of insecticides except the organophosphates. Symptoms include headaches, dizziness, and difficulty breathing. Pyrethrins can trigger life-threatening allergic responses including heart failure and severe asthma. In laboratory animals exposed through eating, by injection, or through breathing, pyrethrins have caused anemia. Experiments with dairy cows suggest that nursing mothers exposed to pyrethrins can pass them on to their children. Pyrethrins disrupt the normal functioning of sex hormones. They inhibit binding of sex hormones to human genital skin and proteins in human blood. Pyrethrins are classified as “likely to be human carcinogens” by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) because they cause thyroid tumors in laboratory tests. Farmers who use pyrethrins have an increased risk of developing leukemia. Pyrethrins are extremely toxic to bees, fish, and other aquatic animals. Following indoor treatments, pyrethrins have persisted up to 2 1/2 months in carpet dust.


PHARMACEUTICAL MARKETING AND ETHICAL CODES: MYTHS OR REALITY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ALLAHABAD, UTTAR PRADESH

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About Authors:
*Pradhyuman Singh Lakhawat, Poonam Vishwakarma
Research Scholar (Management) SHIATS,
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
pradhyuman.sngh@gmail.com

Abstract
Marketing is very important part of any organization for its existence in the market. The main strength of organization can measure on two basis first human resources and second on the basis of market share. While marketing is the major part then it should be follow the business ethical norms which are the guidelines for what is wrong and what is right in the business. But now a day’s mostly pharmaceutical in the pressure of more selling, more profit and for making the big share they are neglecting these codes. And whole pharmaceutical industry in the race of competition forgets one thing that is this marketing service is directly relate with the human life. Medicines are nectar but if it is in wrong form it can be poison for humans. So I am trying to give a small picture of current pharmaceutical marketing services and ethical codes.


HEALTH BENEFITS OF GARLIC

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Garlic, Allium sativum L. is a species in the onion family Alliaceae. Garlic has long been used around the world in cooking as well as in medicine. Garlic was rare in traditional English cuisine (though it is said to have been grown in England before 1548, and has been a much more common ingredient in Mediterranean Europe. Builders of the ancient pyramids were said to eat garlic daily for enhanced endurance and strength.


VALUE BASED PRICING-NEW CONCEPT

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About Author:
Shwetlata Singh
Pharmaceutical Management
Delhi Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research, Delhi
shweta.kul99@yahoo.com

Abstract:
This article involves discovering how Value-Based Pricing(VBP) is creating a buzz in pharmaceutical sector. The goal is to make people understand what is exactly VBP. It will give valuable information regarding various pricing policies in pharma & pros & cons of VBP. Article also includes brief  implication of this policy in UK health sector where this policy has been applied recently.


SOY-BASED DIET: A MESMERIZING TRIUMPH FOR WELLNESS

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There are three topics that can cause derision and division at any coffee or dinner table across the Western world: religion, politics, and soy. The humble soybean does have a noble and ingrained place in our world today and, whether you are pro or no, it’s almost unavoidable. Soy is everywhere - from your soy milks and tofus to the more discreet soy lecithin used to prevent compounds from separating during the cooking process. 


CHALLENGING ROLE OF PHARMACIST IN HEALTH CARE THE FUTURE PROSPECTS

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MODERN PHARMACIST:
One who is able to provide the patient oriented services as in developed countries is called as a modern pharmacist. Such services start from obtaining patients medication history to the feedback from the same after discharge. The componential characteristics that a modern hospital pharmacist must possess include:
1. Professional knowledge
2. Computer / IT acquaintance & skill
3. Counseling and communication skills


MEDICINAL VALUE OF CAROM SEEDS – AN OVERVIEW

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The carom seeds botanical name Trachy spermumammi belong to the family of Apiaceae (Umbelliferae), of the genus; Trachyspermum. The Umbellifers are the members of carrot or parsley family, which includes many herbs and spices such as dill, fennel, anise seed, and caraway, is an annual herbal plant growing up to 3 feet in height.  Some of the common names for the seeds are Bishop’s Weed, Ajowan, carom, Caraway and thymol seeds.etc. Carom seeds are ovoid, light brown colour seeds. They have narrow green leaves and small delicate flowers. The fruits pods of these plants are often called seeds for their seed-like appearance. The Carom plants are believed to have originated from Egypt in Middle East. They are widely grown in India, Afghanistan and Iran. These plants can be grown easily from the seeds.Well drained loam soil with a pH between 6.5 and 8.2 is ideal for their cultivation. They grow well in cold temperatures ranging from 15 °C to 25 °C. The plants can grow both in direct and partial sunlight. Relative humidity between 65% and 70 % are required for their proper growth. The umbels are harvested after they are properly matured. Harvesting is done during the later parts of winter or earlier in spring. These seeds are used as a spice in cooking. The umbels of the plant mature and produce the seeds. Ajwain is renowned for their medicinal value. Ajwain seeds are strongly pungent and aromatic in its taste.