You are hereMiscellaneous Articles
A STUDY OF EPIDEMIOLOGY WHICH INVOLVES MONITORING INFORMATION REGARDING EMERGING & REEMERGING COMMUNICABLE DISEASES IN GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL
Mr. R. Krishnaswamy, Dr.R.Sampathkumar, Mr.N.Venkateswara Murthy, Mr. Anton Vinoth.T
Department of Pharmacy Practice J.K.K.Naatraja College of Pharmacy,
To make decisions regarding the control of communicable diseases and to reduce the epidemic situations, this article has been presented in the way of studying about the epidemiology which involves monitoring information regarding emerging & reemerging diseases, its causative agents, treatment etc., This article also relates studying about mode of transmission(through vector (or) through contact) which helps in making decisions regarding its prevention and to prevent its spreading.
Women are important part of any society. Therefore it is responsibility of every citizen to take care of welfare of women. However, recent brutal of cases rape and murder of innocent girls shocked the whole country. These incidences sparked countrywide protests and agitations. Our government is encouraging education of girl child and reservation for women in various sectors. However, unless our girls are feeling safe in our country, these measures are inadequate. With rampant eve teasing, molestation, rape and acid attacks, no girl can concentrate on her studies. As an important part of society, scientists must combat these social evils to protect our mothers, sisters and daughters through their scientific knowledge and power.
Can scientists with their brilliant minds and knowledge help to save our women?
Yes. This can be done at various levels:
1. Personal gadgets which can help a woman in distress can be made. These gadgets can be fitted in personal items such as cell phones, wristwatches, hair bands, bracelets, rings, necklaces etc. A simple push of a button can alert a relative or police about position of victim. Alternatively, it can create a short but strong burst of supersonic/electromagnetic waves which can disorient the attackers, thus helping the woman to escape. E.g. mobile phone stun gun.
Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC),
Department of Science & Technology, New Delhi, India.
The demand for more and better health care services world-wide with several existing concerns related to quality of patient care, prevalence of incorrect medical diagnosis or medical treatment due to limited patient’s medical information, and rising costs. With the advancement in technologies, Information based medicine has promising potentialstoenable the health experts to identify a patient’s unique health profile well in advance.
With millions of aging babyboomers, the hottest trend in the cosmetics industry is cosmeceuticals. Cosmeceuticals are topical cosmetic-pharmaceutical hybrids containing biologically active ingredients intended to enhance the health and beauty of skin. These ingredients include cleansing agents, surfactants, emollients, fats, mineral oils, herbal extracts, and enzymes. The concept propounded by Dr. Albert Kligman states that "The Cosmeceuticals are topical agents that are distributed across a broad spectrum of materials lying somewhere between pure cosmetics (lipstick and rouge) and pure drugs (antibiotics, corticosteroids).” Cosmeceuticals improve appearance, but they do so by delivering nutrients necessary for healthy skin.
Neha Karekar, Prit Lakhani, Ujas Patel
Mumbai Educational Trust
Institute of Pharmacy
Associate Pharmacy Education Officer 2012-2013
Indian Pharmaceutical Association Students' Forum Maharashtra State Branch
Ayurvastra refers to herbal clothes. It is made by embedding essential oils and herbs into textiles. A wide range of herbs can be used for this process like Chocolate,Tulsi, Brier rose, Indigo, Red Riding Hood (mix of spices) etc. Such textiles have their applications in providing medicinal value and aroma to the garment. Ayurvastra (also marketed as cosmetotextiles on a broad term) has been used for treating enumerable range of diseases such as diabetes, arthritis, skin infections, hyper tension, hay fever etc.Results by using sensorial evaluations showed that performance of such garments lasts for more than 30 days.
MR. Gunjegaonkar S.M.
Dept. of Pharmacology JSPM’s Charak College of Pharmacy and Research, Wagholi, Pune, Maharashtra.
Standard operating procedures are integral part of all the pharmaceutical companies. To obtain the standard quality product intended for human and animal use, manufactured product must have gone through CGMP rules and regulations. Standard operating procedure is an also part of CGMP and GDP (Good documentation practices). Any process, procedure, activity being carried out at any time, at any step that has to perform according to SOP. Standard operating procedure must be written by a subject expert considering the GMP, working feasibility, accountability and authorized by authorized persons. In the face of a challenging regulatory environment, some leading Pharmaceutical companies have found ways to improve quality and costs significantly. To drive this kind of beneficial change, companies must first create a culture where quality objectives are transparent, well understood, and undoubtedly these goals can be achieved by following certain sets of procedures called as “Standard Operating Procedures” (SOP). Procedures are essential for any plant’s effectiveness and efficiency, and they are regulatory requirement in the Pharmaceutical Industry. A typical Pharmaceutical Industry has an average of 1200- 1300 SOPs. A Parenteral Drug Association (PDA) survey found that a typical pharmaceutical company must manage an average of 1250 CGMP-required SOPs and that the average maintenance burden is 15,000 h per firm.
As pharmaceutical companies are progressing rapidly in manufacturing prefilled syringes to meet patients needs, one area where their convenience is appreciated, is by patients who need to self-inject. The first prefilled syringe-based reusable auto-injector was launched in the 1990s by Glaxo Smith Kline for treating migraine.
Auto-injector may be described as a device which completely or partially replaces the activities involved in parentral drug delivery from a standard syringes. An auto-injector isa medical device designed to deliver a single dose of a particular (typically life-saving) drug. By design, auto-injectors are easy to use and are intended for self-administration by patients, or administration by untrained personnel.
MBA at IILM-Institute For Higher Education
New Delhi, India
This is a paper on the Biocon as an Entrepreneurial venture and Kiran Mazumdar Shaw as a successful entrepreneur. What was the motivation behind this entrepreneurship. The paper also highlights the obstacles or challenges that the company has faced and what were the strategies that were implemented to stay ahead in the head to head competition. It also talks about the leak in the entrepreneur plans of Miss Kiran Shaw and how could those have been improved. Finally it gives the key learning which influenced me and most probably would help me in future to grow my career. Today the number of women pursuing careers in science has increased, slowly but surely. However, a disproportionately low number of women are at senior scientific and leadership positions. Women are seen more as scientific workers and teachers rather than scientists. But this great founder initiated her startup and challenged the status quo of a female entrepreneur and this is the factor which I liked most in her, the challenging personality. This paper highlights all the aspects of an entrepreneurship.
ORGANOCHLORINE AND ORGANOPHOSPHOROUS PESTICIDE EXPOSURE HAZARDS IN POMEGRANATE GROWERS OF DROUGHT PRONE AREAS OF MAHARASHTRA
Prakash Bansode*1, Vidhin Kamble2, Raghunath Shinde1
1Department of Chemistry,
2Department of Zoology,
Sangola College, Sangola Dist.-Solapur(M.S.)
The pesticides especially organochlorines are known for their easy bioaccumulation and persistence in living systems. They are prepared on commercial scale and consumed on large amounts. In India agriculture is the backbone of economy and mean of livelihood for people living in villages. The draugthtprone areas of Maharashtra are famous for horticultural practices such as pomegranate and ber.In order to control crop pest and to improve crop yield, various synthetic agrochemicals like pesticides, fertilizers, insecticides and phytoharmones are used on large scale. Many developed countries have banned some lethal, bioaccumulative and persistence pesticides but they are still used in drought prone areas of Maharashtra and have caused severe acute and chronic health hazards to the farmers and agricultural laborers. The present investigation was carried out to examine pesticide practices in drought prone areas and related hazards due to exposure to the organochlorine and organophosphorous pesticides.
Presently, the name "tetracycline" refers to a number of antibiotics of either natural, or semi-synthetic origin, derived from a system of four linearly annelated six-membered rings (1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydronaphthacene) with a characteristic arrangement of double bonds. The tetracycline molecule possesses five asymmetric centers: C-4, -4a, -5a, -6, and -12a.