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MOUTH DISSOLVING TABLET: A OVERVIEW

About Authors:
Ashish Kumar Garg*, M.M. Gupta
Department of Pharmaceutics, Jaipur College of Pharmacy,
Jaipur, Rajasthan
*ashish1pharma@gmail.com

Abstract
Conventional dosage forms like tablets and capsules are now days facing the problems like dysphagia, resulting in the high incidence of non compliance and making the therapy ineffective. To obviate the problems associated with conventional dosage forms, mouth dissolving tablets have been developed having good hardness, dose uniformity, easy administration and serves as the first choice of dosage form for paediatrics, geriatrics and travelling patients. The MDTs were developed with an aim of having sufficient hardness, integrity and faster disintegration without water.Fast dissolving Tablets are disintegrating and/or dissolve rapidly in the saliva without the need for water. Some tablets are designed to dissolve in saliva remarkably fast, within a few seconds, and are true fast-dissolving tablets. Others contain agents to enhance the rate of tablet disintegration in the oral cavity, and are more appropriately termed fast-disintegrating tablets, as they may take up to a minute to completely disintegrate. This tablet format is designed to allow administration of an oral solid dose form in the absence of water or fluid intake. Such tablets readily dissolve or disintegrate in the saliva generally within <60 seconds.


NOVEL APPROACH OF BILAYERED TABLETS: AN OVERVIEW

About Authors:
Patel Pinkesh*1, Patel Chirag J1, Prof. Satyanand Tyagi2, Umesh Kumar1, Patel Jaimin1, Chaudhari Bharat1
1Department of Pharmaceutics, Maharishi Arvind Institute of Pharmacy, Mansarovar, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India-302020.
2President & Founder, Tyagi Pharmacy Association (TPA) & Scientific Writer (Pharmacy), Chattarpur, New Delhi, India-110074.
*pinkesh.patan@yahoo.com, +91-8866436904

ABSTRACT:
In the last decade, interest in developing a combination of two or more Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API) in a single dosage form (bilayer tablet) has increased in the pharmaceutical industry. Pharmacokinetic profile relies on the fact that the fast release layer provide the loading dose of drug and the sustained release of drug maintain the drug concentration within therapeutic window for longer period of time. Bilayer tablets offer definite advantages over conventional release formulation of the same drug. Now a day, several pharmaceutical companies are developing bilayer tablet for co-administration of drugs to improve the therapeutic efficacy as well as to reduce the chances of drug-drug interaction.


PPARG AGONIST: ROLE OF DIABETES IN TYPE- 2

About Author:
swati khandelwal
Maharishi arvind college of pharmacy,
rajasthan university of health science, jaipur
imswatikhandelwal@gmail.com

1. DIABETES
1.1 INTRODUCTION-

Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not produce enough, or properly respond to, insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas. Insulin enables cells to absorb glucose in order to turn it into energy. In diabetes, the body either does not respond properly to its own insulin or does not make enough insulin, or both. This causes glucose to accumulate in the blood, often leading to various complications.
The term diabetes, without qualification, usually refers to diabetes mellitus, which is associated with excessive sweet urine (known as “glycosuria”) but there are several rarer conditions also named diabetes. The most common of these is diabetes insipid us in which the urine is not sweet (insipid us meaning “without taste” in Latin); it can be caused either by kidney or  pituitary gland.


Work as Dy. General Manager in RDPL - Govt. of India Enterprise

Rajasthan Drugs & Pharmaceuticals Ltd (RDPL) is profit making Central Public Sector Enterprise. The The Company was formed as a joint venture between Central Government with 51% equity share holding and Rajasthan State Industrial Development and Investment corporation Ltd (RIICO) with 49% equity share holding. Rajasthan Drugs and Pharmaceuticals ltd. (RDPL) was incorporated on 02.11.1978 with the objective to supply life saving and other essential drugs.


RECENT TRENDS IN ORAL DRUG DELIVERY: MOUTH DISSOLVING TABLETS

About Authors:
Soniya1*, Tarun Parashar1, Satyanand Tyagi2, Patel Chirag J3, Rishikesh Gupta4
1*Department of Pharmaceutics, Himalayan Institute of Pharmacy and Research, Rajawala, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India-248002.
2President, Tyagi Pharmacy Association & Scientific Writer (Pharmacy), Chattarpur, New Delhi, India-110074.
3Department of Pharmaceutics, Maharishi Arvind Institute of Pharmacy, Mansarovar, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India-302020.
4Institute of Pharmacy, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India-284128.
*soniyarani487@gmail.com 08006939832/09999261031

ABSTRACT:
To obviate the problems associated with conventional dosage forms, mouth dissolving tablets have been developed having good hardness, dose uniformity, easy administration, faster disintegration without water and serves as the first choice of dosage form for pediatrics, geriatrics and traveling patients. Mouth dissolving tablets (MDTs) are also known as fast melting tablets, fast disintegrating tablets, fast dissolving/dispersing tablets or melt in mouth tablets.This article gives a brief review of mechanism of action, technologies used now a day for MDTs,Some of promising drug candidates for MDT and evaluation parameters MDTs.Due to wide significance of MDT, this drug delivery system may lead to better patient compliance and ultimate clinical output.


CLINICAL INDICATIONS OF HEAT SHOCK PROTEINS (HSP): A PHARMACOLOGICAL REVIEW

About Authors:
Tarun Parashar1*, Soniya1, Satyanand Tyagi2, Patel Chirag J3, Rishikesh Gupta4, Ram Narayan Prajapati4
1*Department of Pharmaceutics, Himalayan Institute of Pharmacy and Research, Rajawala, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India-248002.
2President, Tyagi Pharmacy Association & Scientific Writer (Pharmacy), Chattarpur, New Delhi, India-110074.
3Department of Pharmaceutics, Maharishi Arvind Institute of Pharmacy, Mansarovar, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India-302020.
4Institute of Pharmacy, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India-284128.
*parashar89tarun@gmail.com, +91-7838447014/08006939831

ABSTRACT:
Heat shock proteins (HSP) are a group of proteins the expression of which is increased when the cells are exposed to elevated temperatures. HSP are present in cells under normal conditions, but are expressed at high levels when exposed to sudden temperature jump or other stress. HSP stabilize proteins and are involved in the folding of denatured proteins. High temperatures and other stresses, such as altered pH and oxygen deprivation, make it more difficult for proteins to form their proper structures and cause some already structures protein to unfold. Left uncorrected, mis-folded proteins form aggregates that may eventually kill the cell. HSB are induced rapidly at highly levels to deal with this problem. HSP have wide clinical applications, they are not only useful as Cancervaccine adjuvant as well as anticancer therapeutics, and also they are useful in agricultural field. The aim of present article is to provide in depth knowledge about clinical indications of these proteins so called as “Heat Shock Proteins”.
An attempt is also made to focus on functions, characteristics, types, qualities, clinical significance as well as brief description of Heatshock proteins.


ROLE OF CASHEW NUTS AND OTHER NUTS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF DIABETES: A CLINICAL REVIEW

About Authors:
Satyanand Tyagi*, Patel Chirag J1, Tarun Parashar2, Soniya2, Rishikesh Gupta3, Devesh Kaushik4
*President, Tyagi Pharmacy Association & Scientific Writer (Pharmacy),
Chattarpur, New Delhi, India-110074.
Prof. Satyanand Tyagi is a life time member of various pharmacy professional bodies like IPA, APTI and IPGA. He has published various research papers, review articles and short communications. He is member of Editorial Advisory Board for some reputed Pharmacy Journals. He is appointed as an Author for International Pharmaceutical Writers Association (IPWA). (Appointed as an author for the chapters of book on Pharmaceutical Chemistry). His academic work includes 62 Publications (52 Review Articles, 08 Research Articles and 02 short Communications of Pharmaceutical, Medicinal and Clinical Importance, published in standard and reputed National and International Pharmacy journals; Out of 62 publications, 11 are International Publications). His research topics of interest are neurodegenerative disorders, diabetes mellitus, cancer, rare genetic disorders, psycho-pharmacological agents as well as epilepsy.
1Department of Pharmaceutics, Maharishi Arvind Institute of Pharmacy, Mansarovar, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India-302020.
2Department of Pharmaceutics, Himalayan Institute of Pharmacy and Research, Rajawala, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India-302020.
3Institute of Pharmacy, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India-284128.
4Territory Business Manager, Diabetes Division, Abbott Healthcare Private Limited, Okhla, New Delhi, India- 110020.
*sntyagi9 @yahoo.com, +91-9871111375/9582025220

ABSTRACT:
Diabetes is usually a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood. Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia). Cashew nuts have a relatively high fat content, but it's what dieticians consider “good fat.” It's good fat because it has the ideal fat ratio of 1:2:1 for saturated, monosaturated, and polyunsaturated fat.


RECENT ADVANCES IN FLOATING MICROSPHERES AS NOVEL APPROACHES: A REVIEW

About Authors:
Manish Jaimini*, Vishal Joshi
Dept. Of Pharmaceutics, Jaipur college of Pharmacy,
Sitapura, Jaipur (Raj.) 302022
*manishjaimini@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Novel drug delivery system as a major advance to solving the problems related to the release of the drug at specific site. These systems have several advantages over conventional multi dose therapy. There are various approaches in delivering a therapeutic substance to the target site in a sustained release fashion. One such approach is using microspheres as carriers for drugs. Microencapsulation is used to modify and delay drug release from pharmaceutical dosage forms.  Microspheres efficiently utilized in controlled delivery of many drugs but wastage of drug due to low drug entrapment efficiency is the major drawback of such micro-particulate system. This review provides brief information about floating microspheres, method of preparations, evaluation and application of microspheres for sustained drug delivery.


HEALTH BENEFITS AND DRAW BACKS OF GENETICALLY ENGINEERED/ GENETICALLY MODIFIED (GM) TOMATOES: AN OVERVIEW

About Authors:
Satyanand Tyagi1*, Patel Chirag J1, Patel Jaimin1, Chaudhari Bharat1, Ram Narayan Prajapati3
1*President, Tyagi Pharmacy Association & Scientific Writer (Pharmacy),
Chattarpur, New Delhi, India-110074.
Prof. Satyanand Tyagi is a life time member of various pharmacy professional bodies like IPA, APTI and IPGA. He has published various research papers, review articles and short communications. He is member of Editorial Advisory Board for some reputed Pharmacy Journals. He is recently appointed as an Author for International Pharmaceutical Writers Association (IPWA). (Appointed as an author for the chapters of book on Pharmaceutical Chemistry). His academic work includes 62 Publications (52 Review Articles, 08 Research Articles and 02 short Communications of Pharmaceutical, Medicinal and Clinical Importance, published in standard and reputed National and International Pharmacy journals; Out of 62 publications, 11 are International Publications). His research topics of interest are neurodegenerative disorders, diabetes mellitus, cancer, rare genetic disorders, psycho-pharmacological agents as well as epilepsy.
2Department of Pharmaceutics, Maharishi Arvind Institute of Pharmacy, Mansarovar, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India-302020.
3Institute of Pharmacy, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India-284128.
*sntyagi9@yahoo.com, +91-9871111375/09582025220

ABSTRACT:
A Genetically Modified (GM) tomato, or transgenic tomato or genetically engineered is a tomato that has had its genes modified, using genetic engineering. The first commercially available genetically modified food was a tomato engineered to have a longer shelf life. Currently there are no genetically modified tomatoes available commercially, but scientists are developing tomatoes with new traits like increased resistance to pests or environmental stresses. Other projects aim to enrich tomatoes with substances that may offer health benefits or be more nutritious.


Work as Area Sales Manager in Synergy Diagnostics

Synergy Diagnostics pvt Ltd, a Bio-pharmaceutical company, with the Largest range of human blood plasma derived bio-pharmaceutical products, used in the prophylaxis & treatment of various life-threatening conditions.We are basically in to Sales & Marketing of imported products Manufactured from Human Blood. Products manufactured are injectable & critical care products.


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