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RP-HPLC METHOD FOR THE ESTIMATION OF NITAOXANIDE IN PHARMACEUTICAL FORMULATION

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
R.Meera1*, N.Swathylakshmi2, M.Sundarapandian2, P.Raja Soundara Pandian1, Madhavanmallayasamy1
1Researcher, Radianz Health Care Pvt Ltd, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India
2Department of pharmaceutical Chemistry, K.M.College of pharmacy, Uthangudi, Madurai, India
[email protected]

ABSTRACT
Objective
: A simple and precise RP-HPLC method was developed and validated for the determination of Nitaoxanide in pharmaceutical dosage forms.
Materials and Methods
: Chromatography was carried out using waters RP –C18 150×4.6 mm, 3.5 µ, pH 6.8, buffer: acetonitrile (50:50) as the mobile phase at a flow rate 1.2 ml/min. The analyze was monitored using PDA detector at 254 nm. The proposed method was found to have linearity in the concentration range of 25-150µg/ml with correlation co efficient of r2 =0.9999.
Results:
The developed method has been statistically validated and found simple and accurate. The mean recoveries obtained for Nitaoxanide were in the range 100.06-101.9%.
Conclusion:
Due to its simplicity, rapidness, high precision and accuracy of the proposed method it may be used for determining Nitaoxanide in bulk and dosage forms.


FINASTERIDE IN THE TREATMENT OF FEMALE ANDROGENIC ALOPECIA

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Priyanka T*, Giri raja sekhar D, Lekhanth A, Revanth.A
Department of Pharmacy Practice,
Annamacharya College of Pharmacy
Rajampet, Andhra Pradesh, India
*[email protected]

ABSTRACT
Hair loss in women is twice more distressing in women when compared to men. The most common cause of hair loss in women is Female Androgenic Alopecia (FAGA) which shows Ludwig, Christmas tree, Hamilton pattern. Androgenic alopecia is due to the increased activity of 5α-reductase in the hair follicles which results in the gradual transformation of large, terminal follicles to small, miniaturized follicles. Finasteride is a 5α-reductase II enzyme which inhibits the conversion of testosterone to dihydro testosterone and is effectively used in the management of the male pattern androgenic alopecia with a dose of 1mg/day but this article mainly reviews the use of Finasteride in the female androgenic alopecia. Studies so far reported increased scalp hair counts, hair density, hair regrowth both by the patient assessment and photographs by the blinded expert panel. Relevant literatures were chosen to determine the efficacy of Finasteride in the treatment of female Androgenic Alopecia.


SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHODS FOR THE DETERMINATION OF NITAOXANIDE IN BULK DRUG AND ITS PHARMACEUTICAL FORMULATION

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
R.Meera1*, N.Swathylakshmi2, M.Sundarapandian2, P.Raja Soundara Pandian1, Madhavanmallayasamy1
1Researcher, Radianz Health Care Pvt Ltd, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India
2Department of pharmaceutical chemistry, K.M.College of pharmacy, Uthangudi, Madurai, India
[email protected]

ABSTRACT
Objectives
:
A simple spectrophotometric method was developed and validated for the determination of Nitaoxanide in pharmaceutical dosage forms. Two visible spectrophotometric methods have been described for the assay of Nitaoxanide bulk form or dosage forms.
Methods:
Method A is based on the formation of Schiff’s base and it was condensed with 4 hydroxybenzaldehyde. Method B is based on diazotization and coupling method with phluroglucinol. The methods are done in UV Visible spectrophotometric method having maximum absorbance at 460 nm.
Results:
Regression analysis of Beers law plots showed good concentration range of 10-50µg/ml for method A and B and gives reproducible results.
Conclusion
: Due to its simplicity of the method it may be used for determining Nitaoxanide in bulk and dosage forms.


FORMULATION AND IN VITRO BIOEQUIVALENCE STUDY OF AMOXYCILLIN & POTASSIUM CLAVULANATE FAST DISPERSIBLE TABLET

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Indra Prakash1*, Jugaldas Chudasama2, Pravin Gupta1, Rahul Dev1, Shashi Shekhar1, Mohit kumar2
1Sir Madanlal Institute of Pharmacy, AlampurHauz, Etawah, Uttar Pradesh, India
2Medicef Pharma, Jhar Majri, Baddi, Himachal Pradesh, India
[email protected]

ABSTRACT
The objective of present study was to develop the formulation of Fast Dispersible tablet of Amoxycillin & Potassium clavulanate and perform the in vitro bioequivalence study with trying to enhance the bioavailability of innovator formulation. Reduction in the dose of Amoxycillin and potassium clavulanate tablet was possible by developing Fast dispersible tablet. Fast dispersible tablets are designed to disintegrate quickly in the mouth or disperse in a spoonful of water to become a suspension. They are also divided into two or four parts for easy dose titration, and taste masked for patient compliance. These tablets are given to the children who have difficulty in swallowing so Total 05 formulations were made with different concentration of Crospovidone & MCC and fixed concentration of Croscarmellose sodium and Polacrilin Potassium by dry granulation method. The formulations were evaluated for weight variation, hardness, friability, disintegrating time, dissolution study. All the formulations shows uniform weight, hardness and friability data indicates good mechanical resistance of the tablet. All the tablets were disintegrated between 25-45Sec. The optimized (FR-5) formulation showed good disintegration time and release profile with maximum drug being released than marketed preparation at all-time intervals.


A REVIEW ON TRANSDERMAL DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM BY ETHOSOMES

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
V. Sujatha*, T. Vishnuvaravidyadhar, M.Parvathi, Suryaprakash Reddy
*Department of Pharmaceutics,
Raghavendra Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research,
RIPERK R Palli Cross, Near S.K University, Anantapuramu District, Andhra Pradesh, India
[email protected]

ABSTRACT
Transdermal drug delivery system is one type of more convenient drug delivery system. Skin acts a barrier for transdermal through drug delivery system. Drug across through stratum corneum by low diffusion process. Drug formulation with elastic vesicle or skin enhances vesicles. Etho sources are the ethanolic phospholipids vesicles and which are having higher rate of penetration through the skin. The purpose of writing this Review on ethosome drug focus on the Ethosomes including their mechanism of penetration. Transdermal drug delivery system was came into existence by more than 30 years ago. Ethosomes are the ethanolic phospholipid vesicles. These are used mainly for transdermal delivery of drugs. Ethosomes have higher penetration rate through the skin as compared to liposomes hence these can be used widely in place of liposomes. Ethosomes enhanced skin permeation, improved drug delivery, increased drug entrapment efficiency etc.


A REVIEW ON ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR DETERMINATION OF LEVOSULPIRIDE IN PHARMACEUTICAL DOSAGE FORMS AND BIOLOGICAL SAMPLE

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Monika A. Rana*, Hasumati A. Raj
Department of Quality Assurance
Shree Dhanvantary College of Pharmacy,
Kim, Gujarat, India
[email protected]

ABSTRACT
Levosulpiride is an atypical antipsychotic agent. Levosulpiride is the levo enantiomer of sulpiride. It is a substitute benzamide which is meant to be used for several indications: depression, psychosis, somatoform disorders, emesis anddyspepsia. It blocks the presynaptic dopaminergic D2 receptor. Chemically it is N-[[(2S)-1-Ethylpyrrolidin-2-yl] methyl]-2-methoxy-5 sulfamoylbenzamide. several method such as HPLC in human plasma, area under curve, stability by RP-HPLC is done. The parent drug is given in a dose of 400-1800 mg orally. According to literature survey study of impurity profiling of LIVOSULPIRIDE in presence of intermediate has not been reported.


A REVIEW OF ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR DETERMINATION OF PRAVASTATIN IN PHARMACEUTICAL DOSAGE FORMS AND BIOLOGICAL FLUIDS

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Grishma Trivedi*, Hasumati Raj
Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College,
Kim, Gujarat
*[email protected]

ABSTRACT
Pravastatin is an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor which is used as a hypolipidemic agent to reduce cholesterol level. Chemically, 9-Fluoro-11β,17-dihydroxy-16α-methyl-3,20-dioxopregna-1,4-dien-21-yl disodium phosphate. Pravastatin is a drug of choice for the cardiovascular disease. It reduces the coronary and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality in middle aged individual. Elevated plasma concentration of C-reactive protein are associated with protein increased cardiovascular disease, long term therapy with pravastatin an agent that reduces cardiovascular risk, might alter levels of this inflammatory parameter. This review consist of various analytical methods for the determination of pravastatin in various marketed pharmaceutical formulation of biological fluid. Analytical methods consist of various chromatographic methods, spectrophotometer methods and electrical methods reported for determination of pravastatin.


A REVIEW OF ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR DETERMINATION BROMHEXINE HYDROCHLORIDE IN PHARMACEUTICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SAMPLES

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Meera V. Lad1*, Vineet Jain2, Hasumati Raj1
1Department of Quality Assurance,
2Department of Pharmacognosy,
Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College, Kim, Gujarat
[email protected]

ABSTRACT:
Bromhexine HCl (BRH)is a mucolytic agent used in the treatment of respiratory disorders associated with viscid or excessive mucus, chemically named 2-amino-3,5-dibromo-N-cyclohexyl-N-methyl benzenemethanamine hydrochloride. According to IUPAC it is 2,4-dibromo-6-[[cyclohexyl(methyl)amino]methyl] aniline hydrochloride. Because of its physiological importance, the drug has been quantified by exploiting its chemical  and physical properties. Bromhexine is a weak base and its precipitate out at pH value above 6. Bromhexine is a synthetic benzyl amine derivative ofvasicine. The different analytical methods used to quantify the drug as a single active pharmaceutical ingredient include flow injection analysis with ionselectiveelectrodes, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, electrokinetic chromatography, electrochemical oxidation at the glassy carbon electrode, liquid chromatography, liquid gas chromatography, GC with mass detection, and voltammetry. The drug has also been quantified in its combined formulations using HPLC, direct and derivative UV spectrophotometry.


A REVIEW: ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR DETERMINATION OF CILNIDIPINE IN BIOLOGICAL FLUID AND PHARMACEUTICAL DOSAGE FORMS

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Farhana V. Buchiya*, Vineet Jain, Hasumati Raj
Shree Dhanvantary Pharmacy College,
Kim, Surat, Gujarat
[email protected]

ABSTRACT:
Cilnidipine is act as a  dual blocker by blocking L- type of calcium channel  present in vascular smooth muscles and  N- type of calcium channel  present in sympathetic nerve  terminal that supply  blood  vessels. Cilnidipine used in treatment of mostly in hypertension and various cardiovascular diseases except in Angina. Cilnidipine used alone or in combination. This review covers most recent analytical methods such as various spectroscopic methods, chromatographic methods and other methods for determination of cilnidipine in various pharmaceutical dosage forms and biological matrix were reported.


MITOMYCIN C: A USEFUL ANTICANCER DRUG

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ABOUT AUTHOR:
Amitava Sinha Ray
Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd
West Bengal, India
[email protected]

ABSTRACT
Cancer is basically a disease of cells characterized by a shift in the control mechanism which is associated with cell differentiation. In most cases causes of cancer is multifactorial. Cancer is the second most causes of death after heart disease. Cytotoxic chemotherapy for cancer offers cure for only certain type of cancer. Chemotherapy may prolong the life. Chemotherapy provides palliative rather than curative therapy at present.