Pharmacognosy Articles

PHARMACOGNOSTICAL STUDIES FOR STANDARDISATION OF A MEDICINAL SPICE, THE FRUIT OF ILLICIUM VERUM HOOK. F.

ABOUT AUTHORS
M. A. Rashid*, R. H. Zuberi

Pharmacognosy Section
Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine (RRIUM),
Aligarh, UP, India
* marashid212@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
The fruit of Illicium verum Hook. f. of family Magnoliaceae has been utilized therapeutically as medicine as well as a spice. It is used to relieve a number of human ailments, owing to its properties as carminative, stimulant and appetizer. In order to set the quality standards, the market sample of the drug has been identified and standardized on the basis of Pharmacopoeial parameters, such as salient macro and microscopic characters, ash values, solubility, successive extractive values, thin layer chromatographic evaluations and U.V. spectroscopic analysis. Besides qualitative and quantitative estimations, fluorescence analysis of powdered drug has also been carried out in order to set standards for the crude drug.


REVIEW ON: INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS HAVING ANTICANCER PROPERTY

ABOUT AUTHORS
Nandu Kayande*, Rakesh Patel
Department of Pharmacy,
OPJS University, Churu, Rajasthan, India
* nandu_kayande@rediffmail.com

ABSTRACT
The traditional Indian medicine - Ayurveda, describes various herbs with anticancer as well as antioxidant properties. Various plant products have been used in treatment of cancer over the years. India is a peninsula of herbal hub, in which ayurvedics system of medicine has flourished as an enlightment in the field of Medicine. Currently medicinal plants have become the paramount source of drug discovery in research for treating diverse form of diseases including Cancer. In this review ayurvedas classical literature and evidence based research data were emphasized to explore the ayurvedic medicinal plants with potent anticancer activity.


A REVIEW ON: PHYSICOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF AYURVEDIC MINERAL DRUG TANKAN BHASMA

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
*Shaikh S.M., Doijad R.C., Shete A.S., Sankpal P.S.
Shree Santkrupa College of Pharmacy,
Ghogaon, Karad Maharashtra 415111 (India)
*sabirmshaikh17@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Tankan bhasma which has been used since very long time in Ayurveda. Tankan bhasma purification is done by the mand agni. Evaluation of physic-chemical property of Tankan bhasma. We are studing toxicological study of Tankan (Borax). Toxicological study on eyes, skin, inhalation, ingesion, carcinogenicity, reproductive or developmental, target organs, also signs and symptoms of exposure. We are studied on the first aid treatment if hazards due to contacts with eyes, Ingestion, and skin. Various uses of Tankan (Borax) bhasma we are studying. Also we are studying the analytical evaluations. Such as Tankan (Borax) bhasma evaluation containing moisture content, organic contain, Nishchandratva, Nishchandratva, Varitaratvam, Rekhapurnatvam, Unama test, Nirchandrata, Amla pariksha, Avami, Anjana Sannibha, X-ray diffraction i.e XRD study, also the Scanning Electron Microscope that is SEM, this all methods we are using for the evaluation of Tankan (Borax) bhasm.


ACTIVITIES OF AQUEOUS EXTRACTS OF MANGIFERA INDICA ON PARASITAEMIA LEVEL AND BLOOD PROFILE OF PLASMODIUM BERGHEI - INFECTED ALBINO MICE

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ABOUT AUTHORS
*Olayode, Ahmed A1; Saka, Olusola S1; Ajayi, Olusoji C2; Agbaje, Mojeed A1
1Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Faculty of Basic Medical Science
2Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy
Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
olayodeahmed01@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
This study was carried out to assess the effect of Mangifera indica on the percentage parasitaemia and some blood parameters of Plasmodium – infected Albino mice. Forty-two male albino mice, weighing between 20 and 25 g, were used for this research. The mice were randomly assigned into six groupsA, B, C, D, E and F of seven mice each. Group A was the negative control, group B was positive control. Mice in groups C, D and E were orally administered with Mangifera indica extract (50 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg and 150 mg/kg body weight) respectively for 5 days starting from the 4th day of inoculation while mice in group F were orally administered with Artesunate for 5 days (3 mg/kg b.w on the first day and 1.5 mg/kg b.w for the next 4 days) starting from the 4th day of inoculation. Blood smears were taken every 2 days to check the parasitaemia level for 14-day post-treatment withdrawal period. The extract has a dose dependent reducing effect on the level of parasitaemia. It also showed that the increase in the rate of reticulocytosis and consequent increase in the number of red blood cells in a dose dependent manner.


COMMONLY USED MEDICINAL PLANTS IN TEHSIL PACHHAD, DISTRICT SIRMOUR, HIMACHAL PRADESH

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Shubham Sharma*1, Monika Rana2
1Abhilashi College of Pharmacy, Mandi (H.P)
2Abhilashi University, Mandi (H.P)
Shubhamcoolsharma045@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Himachal Pradesh is located in Western Himalaya, is a store house of medicinal plants. Most of the population lives in villages and use various plants for their basic needs such as food, fodder, wood and to treat various diseases.  The present study is carried out in district Sirmour of Himachal Pradesh, regarding the ethno medicinal plants used by the locals in their own traditional health system. This study reveals the status of ethno-medicinal plants and their importance preserved by locals of Distt Sirmour. The paper encompasses the 43 medicinal plants. These plants were collected from different villages of Sirmour Distt and information was collected from locals peoples.


TOMATO CUISINES: A DELECTABLE REJOINDER TO THREAT OF CHRONIC AILMENTS?

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Vikram S. Chauhan1*, Bina Rani2, Priyanka Bishnoi3, Raaz K. Maheshwari3

1
Department of Botany, SBRM Govt PG College, Nagaur, Rajasthan, India
2Department of Engineering chemistry & Environmental Engineering, Poornima College of Engineering, Jaipur, India
3Department of Chemistry, SBRM Government PG College, Nagaur, Rajasthan, India
*vikkysingh2000@yahoo.com; rkmgreenchem.jaipur@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
With the advent of modern times, stress and pollution have led to major effect on rise of death toll due to chronic diseases. Such diseases are major cause of concern for the medical society. Lycopene, a carotenoid pigment found in tomatoes and its products has antioxidant properties due to the presence of numerous double bonds. Increased consumption of lycopene containing diet has been proposed to offer a protection against many types of cancers and cardio-vascular diseases. Its potential role as nutraceutical has been suggested in many studies. The present review deals with fundamental biochemistry, bio-availability and benefits of lycopene rich diet and its relation with some chronic diseases like various forms of cancers and cardiovascular diseases.


STUDY ON AGARWOOD (AQUILARIA MALACCENSIS) TO EVALUATE ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF N – HEXANE, CHLOROFORM AND ETHYL ACETATE EXTRACTS

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ABOUT AUTHOR:
Yesmin Begum
Department of Pharmacy,
Southeast University, Banani, Dhaka
yesumyta@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
The present research aims to investigate the antibacterial and antioxidant activities of different leaf extracts of Aquillaria malaccensis. Antibacterial tests were done by Disc diffusion method using Kanamycin as standard. The chloroform extract showed good antibacterial activity against Shigella boydii and Escherichia coli with 19 mm and 17 mm zone of inhibition respectively. All other extracts showed mild to moderate antibacterial activity against other bacteria with 7 – 16mm zone of inhibition. The antioxidant activity of the extracts was determined by using DPPH spectrophotometrically and ascorbic acid was used as standard. All three extracts showed significant antioxidant activities having IC50 value of 38.96 µg/ml, 39.63 µg/ml and 64.75 µg/ml for ethyl acetate, n –hexane and chloroform extracts respectively.


EFFECT OF PULSATILLA ON POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME AND ITS ASSOCIATED CANCER

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Debpratim Chakraborty
Persuing M.Pharm (Pharmacognosy),
Jadavpur University, West bengal.
debpratim008@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is one of the most common female endocrine. Many papers reported the correlation between infertility that most eminently predisposes towards cancer in PCOS women from many years. From both clinical and experimental research one can conclude that correlation between PCOS and endometrial cancer is the strongest. Most studies on correlation between PCOS and ovarian cancer as well as breast cancer failed to show a link though Pulsatilla have a strong effect on it. Various synthetic drugs which mainly used in the treatment of PCOS and endometrial cancer but here the problem is those drugs has lots of side effect/Adverse effect so we should go with the natural product Pulsatilla Sp. Which is used on PCOSand various cancer. Pulsatilla is a well establish drug for PCOS with unknown mechanism of action. Deoxypodophyllotoxin, which was isolated from the roots of P. koreana, was found to inhibit the tube-like formation of HUVECs (human umbilical venous endothelial cells) and have a potent antitumor effect. The chemical constituent saponin D present in Pulsatilla root is responsible for the anti tumor activity. The results, which are expressed as Pulsatilla saponin D has such a potent antitumor effect (IR, 82 %) on a solid tumor, which is higher than Adriamycin (IR, 64%). 23-Hydroxybetulinic acid synthesized from Pulsatilla chinensis also shows anti tumoral activity. Though the potency of pulsatilla sp. Are less than synthetic marketed drugs but by structural modification we may get potent anti canceral agent with least toxicity by Pulsatilla.


ANTIBACTERIAL, CYTOTOXIC AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF N-HEXANE, CHLOROFORM AND ETHYL ACETATE EXTRACTS OF TRICHOSANTHES CUCUMERINA LEAVES

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ABOUT AUTHORS
Israt Jahan Bulbul*, Khadiza-tul-Kubra, Mohita Chowdhury Shimu
Department of Pharmacy,
Southeast University Banani, Dhaka, Bangladesh
*israt_jahanb872@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT
The main aim of this study was to find out the antibacterial, cytotoxic and antioxidant activities of n-hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate extracts of T. cucumerina (Cucurbitaceae). Disc diffusion technique was used for in vitro anbacterial screening against gram positive, gram negative human pathogenic bacteria. Here kanamycin disc (30 mg/disc) was used as standard. The chloroform and the n-hexane extract of T. cucumerina showed moderate antibacterial activity with the average zone of inhibition 7-13 mm and 7-9 mm respectively. The brine shrimp lethality bioassay method was used to determine the cytotoxic activity and vincristine sulphate was used as positive control. Among the extractives the chloroform soluble fraction demonstrated the highest cytotoxic activity with LC50 17.09 µg/ml which indicates the compounds present in the chloroform extract are promisingly cytotoxic. Antioxidant activity test of the crude extracts were assessed by means of DPPH free radical scavenging method where ascorbic acid was used as standard. The ethyl acetate fraction of T. cucumerinashowed strongest antioxidant activity with IC50 value of 52.18 µg/ml.Incase of phenolic content, the n-hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate extracts of T. cucumerina revealed 18.79, 31.33 and 29.04 mg of GAE / gm of extractives, respectively.


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