Bane Singh Rajput*
Research Scholar of Lachoo Memorial College of Science & Technology
Pharmacy Wing, Jodhpur (Raj.)
Drug product recall is an action taken to withdraw or remove a batch or an entire production run of a drug product from distribution or use and return them to the manufacturer. It is usually done due to the discovery of deficiencies in quality, efficacy or safety in the marketed drug products. Defective drug products related to quality includes adulterated or spurious drugs. Safety and efficacy related recalls include serious adverse reactions and death. Recalls also include drugs prohibited under the law and also those products for which product licenses are suspended/ cancelled. In USA, guidelines for drug product recall are described under 21 CFR Parts 7, 107 and 1270. In Australia, guidelines for drug product recall are described under section 65F of the Trade Practices Act 1974. Sections 2(2), 4, 5 and 7 of the European Communities Act 1972 and Directive 2001/95/EC on general product safety are followed in UK for drug product recall. In India, references for drug product recalls, complaint and adverse reactions are mentioned in Para 27, 28 of Schedule M and conditions of license for defective product recall in Rule 74(j) and Rule 78(i) of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules there under. But no effective and uniform recall procedure and guidelines are formulated yet in India. This paper presents a comparative study of drug product recall guidelines in USA, UK and Australia. Based on this comparative study suggestions are provided to develop regulatory guidelines for drug product recall in India.