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Swathi sree Karumuri*, Venkata Naveen Kasagana
Department of Pharmaceutics,
Sankaralingam Bhuvaneswari College of Pharmacy, Anaikuttam,
Sivakasi - 626 130, Tamilnadu, India
New drugs pursuing novel delivery technologies with the objective of improving drug safety, efficacy and site Targeting in a cost effective way has been a challenging area of work for researchers. Their eminent work in the field of Novel technology has introduced many drug delivery methods to fulfil the requirements of pharmaceutical manufacturers and customers. Multiunit particulate systems (MUPS) are novel MDDS techniques that have gained importance, not only because of their ability to control drug release, but also for the modified drug-release profiles they facilitate. Similarly Acoustic targeted drug delivery (ATDD) is a method that uses ultrasound energy to enhance the transport of molecules into and/or across specific tissues. P.L.E.A.S.E. (Painless Laser Epidermal System) is a transdermal delivery device that uses a special laser source to create micro pores in the skin through which high molecular weight drugs are delivered painlessly in a highly controlled and accurate fashion. Oral delivery of insulin with increased lipophilicity across the gastrointestinal epithelium by the application of Eligen technology. Development of nanorobots with biosensors for medical target identification and drug delivery plays a prominent role in the diagnosis and treatment of Diseases. Gene delivery technology that turn off or on gene responsible for causing diseases like cancer and diabetes. The present article describes how Novel Drug delivery fulfils the Patient Needs on a Global Level and forms a key technology in the field of pharmaceuticals.
Venkata Naveen Kasagana*, Swathi sree Karumuri
Department of Pharmaceutics
Sankaralingam Bhuvaneswari College of Pharmacy, Anaikuttam,
Sivakasi - 626 130, Tamilnadu, India.
In the recent past global pharmaceutical markets has involved in developing the new Novel and Advanced drug delivery systems in a safe & cost effective manner. This resulted in the introduction of a variety of Controlled and Targeted drug delivery methods with ease of administration and patient compliance. The transition that took place by the introduction of nano technology in the field of pharmacy leads to the development of many intelligent drug delivery systems like Nano Beacon and Mini Beacons, Trojan horse Nano particles, MEMS & NEMS (Micro and Nano Electromechanical Systems). Cochleate delivery vehicles “A novel lipid-based system” represent a unique technology platform for oral and systemic delivery of drugs. BEMA (Bio Erodible Muco Adhesive Disc) drug delivery technology for prolonged acting action has contribution to the novel approach. Also a much awaited Non-injected insulin formulation “Nasal Insulin spray”, as a vaccine and also in the treatment of Type-II diabetes, provided a shift in the development of drug delivery systems. Duocap (Capsule-in-a-capsule), Electro capsule, Light up delivery monitoring technology (LDMT) are some of the controlled & targeted oral drug delivery systems, which provides a new way of formulating poorly soluble compounds and monitor the release rate of the drug. Apart from briefly describing the above technologies, the article includes the upcoming system of using Air as a barrier for Controlled release and application of medical devices as drug and their contribution to the World of pharmacy.
Satyanand tyagi*, Raghvendra1
*President, Tyagi Pharmacy Association & Scientific Writer,
Chattarpur, New Delhi, India-110074.
Prof. Satyanand Tyagi is a life time member of various pharmacy professional bodies like IPA, APTI and IPGA. He has published various research papers and review articles. His academic works include 45 Publications (37 Review Articles and 08 Research Articles of Pharmaceutical, Medicinal and Clinical Importance, published in standard and reputed National and International Pharmacy journals; Out of 45 publications, 10 are International Publications).
1Department of Pharmaceutics, Aligarh College of Pharmacy,
Aligarh, U.P, India-202001.
*email@example.com, +91-9871111375 / 9582025220
Tak-875, a new treatment for type-2 diabetes, improves blood sugar control and is equally effective as glimepiride (Sulfonylurea, oral hypoglycaemic agent), but has a significantly lower risk of hypoglycaemia, according to a new study. It works by boosting the release of insulin from pancreatic beta cells when glucose and fatty acids rise in the blood, such as after a meal, which results in a fall in blood glucose levels. TAK-875 is a novel oral medication designed to enhance insulin secretion in a glucose dependent manner, which means that it has no effect on insulin secretion when glucose levels are normal, and as such has the potential to improve the control of blood sugar levels without the risk of hypoglycaemia. The pill belongs to a new class of treatments called GPR40 agonists, which activate a receptor that stimulates and regulates insulin production. New treatments are needed because of “the expected increase in the number of cases of Type 2 diabetes during the next few decades” and because some current drugs have “insufficient effect,” the researchers, led by Charles Burant at the University of Michigan Medical School, wrote in the study. Free fatty acid receptor 1 (FFA1), also known as G protein-coupled receptor 40 (GPR40), plays a vital role in stimulating and regulating the production of insulin. It works by boosting the release of insulin from pancreatic β-cells when glucose and fatty acids rise in the blood, such as after a meal. The release of insulin results in a fall in blood glucose levels. Drugs that activate the FFAR1 receptor have the potential to help diabetics release more insulin and improve control of blood glucose levels. This article gives an overview about this newly introduced drug TAK-875 and its role in treatment for type-2 diabetes.
Singh Deep Hussan*, Roychowdhury Santanu
Sri Sai college of pharmacy, badhani,
Mucoadhesion is the prevalent interest in the design of drug delivery systems. Mucoadhesion can be defined as the state in which two materials, at least one of which is biological (mucosa) in nature, are held together for a prolonged time period by means of interfacial forces. This mucoadhesive system offers many advantages as it allows for reduction in daily administrations and daily drug dosage and is suitable for the treatment of irritation, pain, and discomfort associated with gingivitis, sore throats, laryngopharyngitis, cold, and periodontal surgery. Moreover, it adheres well to the gum and is very simple to apply, which means that patient compliance is improved. Mucoadhesive drug delivery system are designed to enable prolonged residence time of the dosage form at the site of application or absorption and facilitate an intimate contact of the dosage form with the underline absorption surface. The present review describes mucoadhesion, mucoadhesive polymers and their classification, stages, mechanism and theories of mucoadhesion and factors affecting them along with its evaluation. However, the research on mucoadhesives, is still in its early stage and further advances need to be made for the successful translation of the concept into practical application in controlled drug delivery.
*Avanish kumar dubey, Amit singh
R.V. Northland Institute dadri,
G.B. Nagar UP
Polymer nanoparticles have attracted the interest of researcher and have been utilized the increasing number of field. Generally two main strategies are employed for the preparation of polymeric nanoparticles. either polymerization of monomers or the dispersion of pre-form polymers. Various techniques can be used to produce polymeric nanoparticles such as salting out method, double desolvation method, ionic gelation method, cross linked nanoparticles, nanoparticle by super critical fluid, emulsification and solvent evaporation method. The choice of method depends on a number of factor such as particle size, particle size distribution, area of application, nature of polymer etc. This review cover the general description on various methods of the preparation of polymeric nanoparticle.
AMOL D.GHOLAP*1, DATTATRAY TUPE2
1Department of Pharmaceutics, Vamanrao Ithape D. Pharmacy College,
Velhale, Tal- Sangamner, Dist- Ahmednagar, MS-422605, India.
2Department of Regulatory Affairs, Lupin Limited,
Kalina, Santakruz (E), Mumbai, MS, India-400098.
The several evolutions in the field of medicine develop different cellular mechanisms for striking along with entering the target cells with efficiency. The utilization of recombinenet adenovirus as carriers for cDNA induces dose along with therapy limiting of defense mechanisms. Artificial viral envelopes (AVE) are lipid vesicles which mimic with fusogenic envelop of retrovirus to utilize as target selectivity along with efficiency of delivery of viruses. The major component of AVE includes phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidyiserine along with sphingomyelins. The negative charge is present on AVE’s help them for targeting the moieties such as viral binding proteins. The artificial viral envelopes show potential applications in plasmid delivery.
AMOL D.GHOLAP*1, DATTATRAY TUPE2
1 Department of Pharmaceutics, Vamanrao Ithape D. Pharmacy College, Velhale, Tal- Sangamner, Dist- Ahmednagar, MS-422605, India.
2 Department of Regulatory Affairs, Lupin Limited, Kalina,
Santakruz (E), Mumbai, MS, India-400098.
There are several newer lipid based systems are evoked and utilized now a days as dryg delivery systems like liposomes, transferosomes, ethosomes etc which provides effective solutions for problem regarding insolubility, instability, rapid degradation along with has wide application in the specialized area consisting protein delivery, targeting to the brain, and tumor targeting. This lipid based systems also utilized in for gene delivery with efficient performance while in this field the colloidosomes evoked as potential tool based on the vascular drug delivery system. There are several applications of vascular systems are present including reduction in the cost of therapy via improved bioavailability of medication generally in the case of poorly soluble drugs. The colloidosomes have several beneficial advantages like greater encapsulation efficiency with wide control on the size along with permeability and compatibility. The colloidosomes also have effective mechanical strength.
1Sahu Deepak*, 2Ketawat Santosh
1Ass.Professor, Geetanjali Institute of Pharmacy,
2Lecturer, Geetanjali Institute of Pharmacy,
Dabok, Udaipur [Rajasthan] – 313022
Tablet is the most preferred oral dosage form, due to many advantages it offers to formulators as well as physicians and patients. However, the process of manufacturing tablets is complex. Hence, careful consideration has to be given to select right process, and right excipients to ultimately give a robust, high productivity and regulatory compliant product of good quality.
Shri Baba Mastnath Institute of Pharmaceutical Science & Research
Asthal Bohar, Rohtak, Haryana (124001)
Nanoparticles are the preparations having size in nanometers. Particulate systems like nanoparticles have been used as a physical approach to alter and improve the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of various types of drug molecules. They have been used in vivo to protect the drug entity in the systemic circulation, restrict access of the drug to the chosen sites and to deliver the drug at a controlled and sustained rate to the site of action. Various polymers have been used in the formulation of nanoparticles for drug delivery research to increase therapeutic benefit, while minimizing side effects. Here, we review various aspects of nanoparticle formulation, characterization, effect of their characteristics, drug loading, in vitro release profile and their applications in delivery of drug molecules and therapeutic genes.
LILESH KHALANE*, ATUL ALKUNTE, ARUNADEVI BIRAJDAR
Adarsh Shikshan Prasarak Mandal’s, K. T. Patil college of Pharmacy,
Siddhartha Nagar, Barshi Road,
Osmanabad – 413501.
As a very few drugs are coming out of research and development and already existing drugs are suffering the problem of resistance due to their irrational use. Hence, change in the operation is a suitable and optimized way to make the some drug more effective by slight alternation in the drug delivery. Presently pharmaceutical industries are focusing on development of sustained release formulations due to its inherent boons. Sustained release dosage forms are designed to release a drug at a predetermined rate by maintaining a constant drug level for a specific period of time with minimum side effects. The basic rationale of sustained release drug delivery system optimizes the biopharmaceutical, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics properties of a drug in such a way that its utility is maximized, side-effects are reduced and cure of the disease is achieved. There are several advantages of sustained release drug delivery over conventional dosage forms like improved patient compliance due to less frequent drug administration, reduction of fluctuation in steady-state drug levels, maximum utilization of the drug, increased safety margin of potent drug, reduction in healthcare costs through improved therapy and shorter treatment period. The basic goal of sustained release is provide promising way to decrease the side effect of drug by preventing the fluctuation of the therapeutic concentration of the drug in the body and increase patient compliance by reducing frequency of dose. This article contains the basic information regarding sustained-release formulation and also the different types of the same.