MUSK MELON: MINERALS, NUTRITIONAL VALUES

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ABOUT AUTHORS:
Kambham Venkateswarlu1*, N.Devann2, R.Venu Priya3, P.Bharath Rathna Kumar4
1M.Pharm Scholar, Department Of Pharmaceutics,
2Director Of Jntua-Otri,
3Faculty Of Pharmacy, Department Of Pharmaceutics,
4Faculty Of Pharmacy, Department Of Pharmaceutical Chemistry,
JNTUA-Oil Technological Research Institute,
Beside Collector Office, Anantapur, Anantapur District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Pin Code: 515001
*k.v.reddy9441701016@gmail.com

ABSTRACT:
Muskmelon (Cucumismelo L) is a representative of cucumber (Cucurbitaceous) family. Muskmelon is also known as “Nut meg” melons. The name is derived from the Romans habit of sprinkling the fruit with powdered musk to accentuate the flavour (White man and Mayhew – 1998) the word ‘Musk’ is derived from Persian literature which means “Perfume” and other word “melon” is fresh from the latinMelopepo meaning “apple-shaped melon”.

This review will give the optimum information about minerals, nutritional values of musk melon.

REFERENCE ID: PHARMATUTOR-ART-2086

1. INTRODUCTION
Muskmelon (Cucumismelo L) is a representative of cucumber (Cucurbitaceous) family. Muskmelon is also known as “Nut meg” melons. The name is derived from the Romans habit of sprinkling the fruit with powdered musk to accentuate the flavour (White man and Mayhew – 1998) the word ‘Musk’ is derived from Persian literature which means “Perfume” and other word “melon” is fresh from the latinMelopepo meaning “apple-shaped melon”.

The initial instances of its cultivation have been founded to date back to, as for as circa 2000 B.C. In fact the fruit is said to have originated in ancient Persia and Africa.

2.Scientific Classification of muskmelon:
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyte
Class: Magnoliopride
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Genus: Cucumis
Species: C.melo
Bionomial Name: Cucumismelo L

3. Nutritional Composition of musk melon (Values per 100 g an edible of portion)


One cup of musk melon juice reportedly contains 3219mg of cartenoids and 53 calories of energy.[2]

4. Mineral content in Musk melon (Values per 100gr an edible of portion)
Minerals (mg)

Calcium – 11
Iron – 0.21
Magnesium -11
Phosphorous -17
Potassium -309
Sodium – 9
Zinc – 0.16
Copper - 0.04
Manganese – 0.05
Selenium – 0.04

Muskmelon fruits are generally consumed in the summer season. It is cultivated in all the temperature regions of the world due to its good. Adaptation to soil and climate popular due to the pulp of the fruit is very refreshing and sweet with pleasant aroma.[2]

5. HEALTH AND NUTRITIONAL BENEFITS OF MUSKMELON
Dabaur India Ltd announced the expansion of its Real juices and Nectars portfolio with introduction of a new flavor, real muskmelon.

Muskmelon must be harvested at the proper stage of maturity to ensure maximum sweetness and quality.  Muskmelon fruit has a shelf life of a week.

Sees kernels are edible, tasty and nutritious, crude protein in kernel is 34.4% and Muskmelon seeds showed 33% oil in cucumsmelo seeds showed that they are rich in protein 30.6% edible portion.  Important cultivars of the musk melon in India are Punjab  varieties Hara madhu, Punjab Suheri produced the U.P varieties DM- 1, MM-28, and SudharPandeyetal (2008) produced the kashimadhu a total soluble solids range of from 5.7-10.70 brix in muskmelon fruits.[1]

There is a need for better utilization of muskmelon fruits by processing them into value added products, which help to improve returns to growers and processors, Muskmelon fruit is having reasonably high sugar content and carotenoids with wide variation in soluble solids reported for different cultivars. These characteristics suggest that muskmelon fruit has the potential for being converted to processed products with desirable flavor properties. The objectives of this investigation are to develop technologies for processing of musk melon fruits into blended jam formulations.[1]

6. NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF MUSK MELON
Amount of Nutrients in 1 cup of muskmelon
Vitamin A – 516 RE
Vitamin B – 60.18mg
Vitamin C – 68mg
Niacin -0.9mg
Fat – 0.4 mg
Cholesterol – 0mg
Sodium – 14mg
Magnesium – 17mg
Protein – 1.4 gm
Carbohydrate – 13.4 gm[2]

7. PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIONS:
1. Analgesic & anti-inflammatory action.
2. Anti-oxidant activity
3. Free radical scavenging activity
4. Anti-ulcer activity
5. Anti-cancer activity
6. Hepatoprotective activity
7. Diuretic activity
8. Anti-diabetic activity
9. Immuno modulator
10. Anti-microbial activity and anti-fertility activity.[3]

7. CONCLUSION:
It has so many pharmacological activities, so there is a much scope for further more studies in future.

8. REFERENCES:
1. Hemavathy J. lipid composition of melon. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 1992; 5 (1): 90-95.
2. Hu Mian-hao, AoYansong. Characteristics of some nutritional compositions of melon seeds. International Journal of Food Science And Technology. 2007; 42: 1397-1401.
3. Parle Milind, Singh Kulwant. Musk melon is eat-must melon. International Research Journal of Pharmacy. 2011; 2 (8): 52-57.

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